Edmund Costello

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Edmund William Costello
VCEdmondWilliamCostello.jpg
Edmund Costello VC
Born 7 August 1873
Sheikhbudia, North-West Frontier, India
Died 7 June 1949 (aged 75)
Buried at St Mark's Church, Hadlow Down, Sussex, England
Allegiance  United Kingdom
British India
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Indian Army
Years of service 1892–1923
Rank Brigadier-General
Unit West Yorkshire Regiment
22nd Punjab Infantry
24th Punjab Infantry
Commands held 12th Indian Brigade
8th (Jullundur) Brigade
Palestine Defence Force
Battles/wars

Malakand Frontier War
World War I

Awards Victoria Cross
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Companion of the Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in Dispatches (7)
Croix de Guerre (France)
Other work Director of Military Studies, University of Cambridge

Brigadier-General Edmund William Costello VC CMG CVO DSO (7 August 1873 – 7 June 1949) was a British Indian Army officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Early life and service[edit]

Costello was born in Sheikhbudia on the North-West Frontier of India, the son of a colonel in the Indian Medical Service. He was educated in England at Beaumont College, Stonyhurst College and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. In 1892 he was commissioned into the West Yorkshire Regiment, but transferred to the Indian Army in 1894 and was posted to the 22nd Punjab Infantry.

Victoria Cross[edit]

He was 23 years old, and attached to the 24th Punjab Infantry during the Malakand Frontier War, when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC:

On 26 July 1897 at Malakand on the Indian Frontier, Lieutenant Costello went out from the hospital enclosure and with the assistance of two sepoys, brought in a wounded lance-havildar who was lying 60 yards (55 m) away, in the open, on the football ground. This ground was at the time over-run with swordsmen and swept by a heavy fire from both the enemy and our own men who were holding the sapper lines.[1]

In the subsequent fighting he was wounded twice and mentioned in dispatches twice.

Later service[edit]

In November 1900 Costello was appointed adjutant of his regiment, and on 19 November 1901 he was promoted Captain in the Indian Staff Corps.[2] He then worked as a recruiting officer for several years before taking part in the Mohmand operations of 1908. He was promoted Major in 1910. In 1913 he entered the Indian Staff College at Quetta and graduated just before the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, when he rejoined his regiment as second-in-command.

The regiment was soon sent to Mesopotamia as part of the 17th (Ahmednagar) Brigade of the 6th (Poona) Division and Costello remained there for the rest of the war. He was promoted Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel in June 1916, was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in 1917 and appointed Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) in 1918. In May 1918 he took command of the 12th Indian Brigade and he received a substantive promotion to Lieutenant-Colonel in September 1918. He was mentioned five times in dispatches during the war and also received the French Croix de Guerre.

In June 1919 he was promoted Brevet Colonel and was joint commander of the Indian contingent at the Peace March in London, for which he was appointed Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) in the 1920 New Year Honours.[3] He was promoted substantive Colonel in March 1920, although he had held the acting appointment of Brigadier-General since 1918. From May to December 1920 he commanded the 8th (Jullundur) Brigade in the 3rd (Lahore) Division. In March 1921 he went to Palestine as temporary commander of the Palestine Defence Force and remained there to command a brigade in 1922. He retired in October 1923 and became Director of Military Studies at the University of Cambridge.

Legacy[edit]

Costello's headstone

His grave and headstone memorial is at St Mark's Church, Hadlow Down, Sussex, England.

His Victoria Cross is displayed at the National Army Museum in Chelsea.

Honours and awards[edit]

Victoria Cross (UK) ribbon.png Ord.St.Michele-Giorgio.png Royal Victorian Order UK ribbon.png

Dso-ribbon.png India Medal BAR.svg India General Service Medal 1909 BAR.svg 1914 Star BAR.svg

British War Medal BAR.svg Victory Medal MID ribbon bar.svg GeorgeVICoronationRibbon.png Croix de Guerre 1914-1918 ribbon.svg

Victoria Cross (UK) ribbon.png Victoria Cross (VC) 2 December 1897 at Windsor Castle by Queen Victoria
Ord.St.Michele-Giorgio.png Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) 1918
Royal Victorian Order UK ribbon.png Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) 1920
Dso-ribbon.png Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) 1917
India Medal BAR.svg India Medal With 2 clasps, Punjab Frontier 1897-98 and Malakand 1897
India General Service Medal 1909 BAR.svg India General Service Medal With 1 clasp NW Frontier 1908
1914 Star BAR.svg 1914–15 Star
British War Medal BAR.svg British War Medal
Victory Medal MID ribbon bar.svg Victory Medal with palm for Mentioned in Dispatches
GeorgeVICoronationRibbon.png King George VI Coronation Medal 1937
Croix de Guerre 1914-1918 ribbon.svg Croix de guerre (France)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 26908". The London Gazette. 9 November 1897. p. 6143. 
  2. ^ "No. 27398". The London Gazette. 17 January 1902. p. 392. 
  3. ^ "No. 31712". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1919. p. 6. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]