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|Edmund William Costello|
Edmund Costello VC
|Born||7 August 1873
Sheikhbudia, North-West Frontier, India
|Died||7 June 1949 (aged 75)|
|Buried at||St Mark's Church, Hadlow Down, Sussex, England|
|Allegiance|| United Kingdom
|Service/branch|| British Army
|Years of service||1892–1923|
|Unit||West Yorkshire Regiment
22nd Punjab Infantry
24th Punjab Infantry
|Commands held||12th Indian Brigade
8th (Jullundur) Brigade
Palestine Defence Force
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Companion of the Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in Dispatches (7)
Croix de Guerre (France)
|Other work||Director of Military Studies, University of Cambridge|
Brigadier-General Edmund William Costello VC CMG CVO DSO (7 August 1873 – 7 June 1949) was a British Indian Army officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Early life and service
Costello was born in Sheikhbudia on the North-West Frontier of India, the son of a colonel in the Indian Medical Service. He was educated in England at Beaumont College, Stonyhurst College and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. In 1892 he was commissioned into the West Yorkshire Regiment, but transferred to the Indian Army in 1894 and was posted to the 22nd Punjab Infantry.
On 26 July 1897 at Malakand on the Indian Frontier, Lieutenant Costello went out from the hospital enclosure and with the assistance of two sepoys, brought in a wounded lance-havildar who was lying 60 yards (55 m) away, in the open, on the football ground. This ground was at the time over-run with swordsmen and swept by a heavy fire from both the enemy and our own men who were holding the sapper lines.
In the subsequent fighting he was wounded twice and mentioned in dispatches twice.
In November 1900 Costello was appointed adjutant of his regiment, and on 19 November 1901 he was promoted Captain in the Indian Staff Corps. He then worked as a recruiting officer for several years before taking part in the Mohmand operations of 1908. He was promoted Major in 1910. In 1913 he entered the Indian Staff College at Quetta and graduated just before the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, when he rejoined his regiment as second-in-command.
The regiment was soon sent to Mesopotamia as part of the 17th (Ahmednagar) Brigade of the 6th (Poona) Division and Costello remained there for the rest of the war. He was promoted Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel in June 1916, was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in 1917 and appointed Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) in 1918. In May 1918 he took command of the 12th Indian Brigade and he received a substantive promotion to Lieutenant-Colonel in September 1918. He was mentioned five times in dispatches during the war and also received the French Croix de Guerre.
In June 1919 he was promoted Brevet Colonel and was joint commander of the Indian contingent at the Peace March in London, for which he was appointed Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) in the 1920 New Year Honours. He was promoted substantive Colonel in March 1920, although he had held the acting appointment of Brigadier-General since 1918. From May to December 1920 he commanded the 8th (Jullundur) Brigade in the 3rd (Lahore) Division. In March 1921 he went to Palestine as temporary commander of the Palestine Defence Force and remained there to command a brigade in 1922. He retired in October 1923 and became Director of Military Studies at the University of Cambridge.
Honours and awards
|Victoria Cross (VC)||2 December 1897 at Windsor Castle by Queen Victoria|
|Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)||1918|
|Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO)||1920|
|Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO)||1917|
|India Medal||With 2 clasps, Punjab Frontier 1897-98 and Malakand 1897|
|India General Service Medal||With 1 clasp NW Frontier 1908|
|British War Medal|
|Victory Medal with palm for Mentioned in Dispatches|
|King George VI Coronation Medal||1937|
|Croix de guerre||(France)|
- Obituary, The Times, 9 June 1949
- Richard Doherty & David Truesdale, Irish Winners of the Victoria Cross, 2000
- David Harvey, Monuments to Courage, 1999
- The Register of the Victoria Cross, This England, 1997