Edmund Mortimer (1302–1331)
|Sir Edmund Mortimer|
|Spouse(s)||Elizabeth de Badlesmere|
Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March
|Father||Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March|
|Mother||Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville|
|Died||16 December 1331|
Sir Edmund Mortimer (1302/1303 – 16 December 1331) was the eldest son of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville. By his wife Elizabeth de Badlesmere he was the father of Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March. Though Edmund survived his father by one year, he did not inherit his father's lands and titles as they were forfeited to the Crown and his son only reacquired them gradually.
Family and early life
Edmund's father, Lord Roger, married the great heiress Joan de Geneville on 20 September 1301. Edmund and another sibling were born within three years of the marriage. Ian Mortimer places Edmund's birth in late 1302 or early 1303, with the earliest possible date being nine months after the wedding. As evidence, Mortimer writes that Edmund would probably have married at a similar age to his father, who was fifteen when he married Joan. The Wigmore Abbey Annals, however, did not record his birth, so it is possible that the boy was born nearer to 1305, after the birth of his eldest sister Margaret.
Marriage and issue
In the spring of 1316 at Westminster, Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere negotiated an alliance with Roger, which took place at the same time that they undertook Edward II's order to attack the town of Bristol and seize eighty men who had been indicted. In mid-May, Roger and his household travelled to Wigmore to celebrate the marriage of his eldest son, fourteen-year-old Edmund, to the three-year-old Elizabeth de Badlesmere. With Bartholomew de Badlesmere agreeing to pay Roger the "substantial sum" of £2000, the two were married at Kinlet, Shropshire on 27 July 1316. Edmund and Elizabeth's eldest son, Roger, would be born at Ludlow Castle on 11 November 1328. A short-lived brother, John, soon followed.
During the time of Edmund's marriage, his father named him the heir to his mother Margaret's estates in Somerset and Buckinghamshire, which included Bridgwater Castle. During their father's later exile abroad, Edmund and his younger brother Roger were imprisoned at Windsor Castle, along with the sons of the Earl of Hereford. Edmund and his two brothers were moved to the more secure Tower of London on 1 October 1326. Once freed, a triumphant Roger had Edmund and his brothers wear earls' attire as they were knighted by the young king Edward III on 1 February 1327. Roger was made Earl of March in September 1328, and Edmund's eldest son Roger was born eleven days later. The Earl of March was beheaded in 1330, one year before the death of his son Edmund. Edmund did not inherit his father's lands and titles as they were forfeited to the Crown.
Alison Weir cites Edward III's behaviour towards Edmund as evidence of the young king's sense of justice. In October 1331, Edmund was restored to the family lands at Wigmore as well as to other lordships. He died several months later from a fever, on 16 December 1331, and was survived by his three-year-old son, Roger. Four years later, Elizabeth remarried to William de Bohun, a close companion of Edward III and future Earl of Northampton. Edmund's son Roger was allowed to succeed as the 2nd Earl of March in 1354.
|Ancestors of Edmund Mortimer (1302–1331)|
- Mortimer 2003, p. 14.
- Mortimer 2003, p. 319.
- Ward 2006, p. 30.
- Mortimer 2003, pp. 77–78, 319.
- Mortimer 2003, p. 78.
- Mortimer 2003, pp. 78–79, 319.
- Davies 2004.
- Mortimer 2003, pp. 153, 319.
- Mortimer 2003, p. 170.
- Mortimer 2003, pp. 215.
- Mortimer 2003, pp. 239–241.
- Weir 2006, p. 366.
- Mortimer 2003, pp. 242–241.
- Mortimer 2003, p. 338.
- Mortimer 2003, p. 339.
- Mortimer 2003, p. 340.
- Mortimer 2003, p. 341.
- Works cited
- Davies, R.R. (2004). "Mortimer, Roger (VI), second earl of March (1328–1360)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19355. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Mortimer, Ian (2003). The Greatest Traitor: The Life of Sir Roger Mortimer, Ruler of England 1327–1330. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-34941-6.
- Ward, Jennifer (2006). Women in England in the Middle Ages. London: Hambledon Continuum. ISBN 1852853468.
- Weir, Alison (2006). Queen Isabella: Treachery, Adultery, and Murder in Medieval England. New York: Ballantine Books. ASIN B000N2HCNI.