|Sir Edmund Walsingham|
|Died||10 February 1550|
Sir Thomas Walsingham
Although the Walsingham pedigree is said to date to the thirteenth century, the family is first recorded in Kent in 1424, when Thomas Walsingham (died 7 March 1456) and his wife, Margaret, purchased the manor of Scadbury in Chislehurst, to which additional land was added in 1433. Their son, Thomas Walsingham (1436–1467), married Constance Dryland (died 14 November 1476), the daughter of James Dryland, of Davington, by whom he had a son, James Walsingham (1462 – 10 December 1540). After the death of Thomas Walsingham (1436–1467), his widow, Constance, married John Green, who in 1476 was Sheriff of Kent in right of his wife.
James Walsingham married Eleanor Writtle (born before 1465, died after 1540), the daughter of Walter Writtle of Bobbingworth, Essex, by whom, according to a monumental brass formerly in the church at Scadbury, he had four sons and seven daughters, including:
- Edmund Walsingham.
- William Walsingham (died 1534), who married Joyce Denny (1506/7–1560), the daughter of Sir Edmund Denny, one of the Barons of the Exchequer, and his second wife, Mary Troutbeck (died 1507), the daughter of Robert Troutbeck of Bridge Trafford, Cheshire, by whom he was the father of Sir Francis Walsingham, Principal Secretary to Queen Elizabeth I, and five daughters, Elizabeth (died 1596), Barbara, Christian, Eleanor and Mary (1527/8–1577). After William Walsingham's death, Joyce (née Denny) married Sir John Carey, a younger brother of Sir William Carey, by whom she had two sons, Sir Wymond Carey and Sir Edward Carey.
- Elizabeth Walsingham, who married Thomas Ayloffe, second son of William Ayloffe (died 1517), a Bencher of Lincoln’s Inn, by his wife Audrey Shaa, widow of John Writtle and daughter of Sir John Shaa, a London goldsmith and Lord Mayor in 1501. Thomas Ayloffe’s elder brother, William Ayloffe (died 1569), married Anne Barnardiston, the daughter of Sir Thomas Banardiston (died 7 November 1542) of Ketton in Kedington, Suffolk, by whom he was the father of William Ayloffe (c.1535 – 17 November 1584).
- Cecily Walsingham.
- Margaret Walsingham.
Walsingham entered the service of Thomas Howard, then Earl of Surrey, and was knighted by him on 13 September 1513, four days after the Battle of Flodden. In 1520 he was in attendance on Henry VIII at the Field of the Cloth of Gold in Calais in June, and at the King's meeting with the Emperor Charles V at Gravelines in July.
In 1521 he was appointed a sewer in the royal household, was made a freeman of the Mercers' Company, was on the jury which tried and convicted Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, and succeeded Sir Richard Cholmley as Lieutenant of the Tower of London at a salary of £100 a year. He held the office until Henry VIII's death in 1547, residing in a house at the Tower, and taking personal charge of prisoners of state, among them Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury, Catherine Howard, the Marquess of Exeter, Lord Montagu, the Duchess of Norfolk, Viscount Lisle, Anne Boleyn, John Fisher and Sir Thomas More. It was to Walsingham that More made his ironic jest on ascending the scaffold, "I pray you, Master Lieutenant, see me safe up, and for my coming down, let me shift for myself".
In the 1530s Walsingham acquired long-term leases of the manors of Tyting in Surrey and Stanground in Huntingdonshire, and in 1543 purchased the manors of Swanton Court, West Peckham and Yokes near Scadbury from Sir Robert Southwell. In 1539 the king granted him nine houses in London that had formerly belonged to dissolved abbeys.
Walsingham died 9 February 1550, and was buried in "a table tomb, richly ornamented with roses, acorns and foliage gilt" in the Scadbury chapel in the church of St Nicholas at Chislehurst. His son and heir, Thomas Walsingham, erected a monument to his memory in 1581; the inscription begins:
A knight sometime of worthy fame
Lieth buried under this stony bower
Sir Edmund Walsingham was his name,
Lieutenant he was of London Tower.
His will, dated 8 February 1550, was proved 8 November of that year.
Marriages and issue
Walsingham married firstly Katherine Gounter or Gunter (before 1495 – c. 1526), widow of Henry Morgan of Pencoed, Monmouthshire, and daughter of John Gounter of Chilworth, Surrey, by his wife Elizabeth, the daughter and heiress of William Attworth or Utworth, by whom he had four sons and four daughters:
- Sir Thomas Walsingham (c.1526 – 15 January 1584), who married Dorothy Guildford (died 1584), the daughter of Sir John Guildford (died 5 July 1565), by whom he was the father of Sir Thomas Walsingham, patron of Christopher Marlowe.
- George Walsingham, who died young.
- John Walsingham, who died young.
- Walter Walsingham, who died young.
- Mary Walsingham, who married Sir Thomas Barnardiston (died 1551), the son of Sir Thomas Barnardiston (died 7 November 1542) by Anne Lucas, the daughter of Sir Thomas Lucas (died 7 July 1531) of Little Saxham Hall, Suffolk, Solicitor-General to King Henry VII.
- Alice Walsingham (died 21 May 1558), who married Sir Thomas Saunders (died 18 August 1565), third but eldest surviving son of Nicholas Saunders of Charlwood, Surrey, by Alice Hungate, the daughter of John Hungate, by whom she had three sons and two daughters.
- Eleanor Walsingham, who is said to have married Richard Finch, third son of Sir William Finch, Sheriff of Kent, by his first wife, Elizabeth Cromer. Eleanor Walsingham is also said to have married, as his second wife, Edward Baynard (died 1575) of Lackham, Wiltshire, and to have been buried at Lacock, Wiltshire, on 20 August 1559.
- Katherine Walsingham, who died young.
Walsingham married secondly, Anne (née Jerningham), daughter of Sir Edward Jerningham (died 6 January 1515) of Somerleyton, Suffolk, by Margaret Bedingfield (died 24 March 1504). At the time of her marriage to Sir Edmund Walsingham, Anne (née Jerningham) was the widow of three husbands: Lord Edward Grey (died before 1517), eldest son and heir of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, and grandson of King Edward IV's wife, Elizabeth Woodville; Henry Barley (died 12 November 1529) of Albury, Hertfordshire; and Sir Robert Drury, Speaker of the House of Commons.
- Lee 1899, p. 228.
- Robertson 1880, p. 403.
- Scadbury Manor Retrieved 15 June 2103.
- Robertson 1880, p. 390.
- Robison 2004.
- Metcalfe 1879, p. 622.
- Robertson 1880, p. 401.
- Adams, Bryson & Leimon 2004.
- Nichols 1866, pp. 51–54.
- Burke 1844, p. 30.
- Baker 2004.
- Metcalfe 1879, p. 543.
- Metcalfe 1878, pp. 141, 340.
- Crisp 1907, pp. 170–3.
- Robison says he relinquished it in 1543.
- Lee 1899, pp. 228–30.
- Walsingham, Sir Edmund (by 1480–1550), of Scadbury, Chislehurst, Kent, History of Parliament Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Bridgett 1891, p. 434.
- 'Parishes: West Peckham', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 5 (1798), pp. 56–70 Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- p.165, Linda Porter, Katherine the Queen
- Dugdale 1835, p. 468.
- Hutchinson, Robert (2007) Elizabeth's Spy Master: Francis Walsingham and the Secret War that Saved England. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-84613-0, p. 296
- Lee 1988, pp. 228–30.
- Lysons 1796, p. 351.
- Bannerman 1899, pp. 11, 33.
- Arnold 1871, p. 3.
- Walsingham, Sir Edmund (by 1480–1550), of Scadbury, Chislehurst, Kent, History of Parliament Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Walsingham, Thomas (c.1526–84), of Scadbury, Chislehurst, Kent, History of Parliament Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Guildford, John (by 1508–65), of Hemsted, Kent, History of Parliament Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Burke & Burke 1838, p. 40.
- Rokewode 1838, p. 131-3.
- Saunders, Thomas (by 1513–65), of London and Charlwood, Surrey, History of Parliament Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- It should be noted that Sir Francis Walsingham had a sister named Eleanor (died before 1542) who married Sir William Sharington, with whom Sir Edmund Walsingham's daughter, Eleanor, is confused in some sources.
- Brydges 1812, p. 377.
- Richardson II 2011, p. 169.
- Bannerman 1899, p. 11.
- Old Lackham House 1902, pp. 60, 62.
- According to some sources, Anne (née Jerningham) is also said to have been the widow of a fifth husband surnamed Berkeley, about whom nothing further is known.
- Richardson II 2011, p. 93.
- Hyde 2004.
- Challen 1963, pp. 5–9.
- 'Anne Jerningham', A Who’s Who of Tudor Women: I-J, compiled by Kathy Lynn Emerson to update and correct Wives and Daughters: The Women of Sixteenth-Century England (1984) Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- Adams, Simon,; Bryson, Alan; Leimon, Mitchell (2004). "Walsingham, Sir Francis (c.1532–1590)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28624. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Arnold, Frederick H. (1871). "Racton". Sussex Archaeological Collections. Lewes, Sussex: Sussex Archaeological Society. XXIII: 1–19. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Baker, J.H. (2004). "Ayloffe, William (c.1535–1584)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/939. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Bannerman, W. Bruce, ed. (1899). The Visitations of the County of Surrey. XLIII. London: Harleian Society. pp. 11, 33. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Bridgett, Thomas Edward (1891). Life and Writings of Sir Thomas More. London: Burns & Oates Limited. pp. 363, 365, 425, 434. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Brydges, Egerton (1812). Collins’s Peerage of England. III. London: F.C. and J. Rivington. p. 377. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Burke, John; Burke, John Bernard (1838). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England. London: Scott, Webster and Geary. p. 40. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Burke, John; Burke, John Bernard (1844). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England (2nd ed.). London: John Russell Smith. p. 30. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- Challen, W.H. (January 1963). "Lady Anne Grey". Notes and Queries. 10 (1): 5–9. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- Crisp, Frederick Arthur (1907). Visitation of England and Wales. 7. pp. 170–3. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- Dugdale, Thomas (1835). Curiosities of Great Britain; England and Wales Delineated. II. p. 468. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Hyde, Patricia (2004). "Drury, Sir Robert (before 1456–1535)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/8097. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Lee, Sidney (1899). "Walsingham, Sir Edmund (1490?–1550)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 59. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 228–30.
- Lysons, Daniel (1796). The Environs of London. IV. London: T. Cadell. p. 351. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Metcalfe, Walter C., ed. (1878). The Visitations of Essex. XIII. London: Harleian Society. pp. 141, 340. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- Metcalfe, Walter C., ed. (1879). The Visitations of Essex, Part II. XIV. London: Harleian Society. pp. 543, 622. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- Nichols, John Gough, ed. (1866). The Herald and Genealogist. III. London: J.G. Nichols. pp. 49–53. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
- Nichols, John Gough, ed. (1858). The Topographer and Genealogist. III. London: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons. pp. 208–9. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- "Old Lackham House and Its Owners". Wiltshire Notes and Queries. London: Phillimore & Co. III. 1902. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966381. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- Robertson, W.A. Scott (January 1880). "Chislehurst and its Church". Archaeologia Cantiana. London: Mitchell & Hughes. XIII (1): 386–409. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- Robison, William B. (2004). "Walsingham, Sir Edmund (c. 1480–1550)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28622. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Rokewode, John Gage (1838). The History and Antiquities of Suffolk. London: Samuel Bentley. pp. 131–3. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Rye, Walter (1891). The Visitation of Norfolk. XXXII. London: Harleian Society. pp. 101–2. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Will of Sir Edmund Walsingham, proved 8 November 1550, PROB 11/33/405, National Archives Retrieved 15 June 2013
- Will of Thomas Walsingham of London, Proved 10 May 1456, PROB 11/4/106, National Archives Retrieved 15 June 2013
- Will of James Walsingham of Chiselhurst, Kent, proved 21 April 1541, PROB 11/28/471, National Archives Retrieved 15 June 2013
- Will of William Walsingham of London, proved 23 March 1534, PROB 11/25/138, National Archives Retrieved 15 June 2013
- Will of Lady Anne Grey, widow, of Yates, Kent, proved 8 May 1558 (sic), PROB 11/42B/3, National Archives Retrieved 15 June 2013
- Will of Sir Thomas Saunders of Charlwood, Surrey, proved 7 July 1566, PROB 11/48/525, National Archives Retrieved 15 June 2013
- Will of Thomas Barnardiston, proved 13 November 1542, PROB 11/29/212, National Archives Retrieved 20 June 2013
- Will of Dame Anne Barnardiston, widow, of Kedington, Suffolk, proved 3 May 1560, PROB 11/43/276, National Archives Retrieved 20 June 2013
- Will of Sir Thomas Barnardiston of Kedington, Suffolk, proved 2 October 1551, PROB 11/34/370, National Archives Retrieved 20 June 2013