Edna Murphey

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Edna Murphey is the inventor of a specific brand of deodorant (Odorono) and modern day deodorant marketing strategies (1912).[1] Murphey's father, Dr. Abraham D. Murphey, a physician, developed the liquid anti-perspirant to help surgeons with sweaty hands.[2] Edna subsequently found this anti-perspirant useful on underarms and began marketing the product to women. There had been approximately two previous deodorant/antiperspirant inventions previous to Murphey's, however Murphey's was the product that became widely distributed.[3] Murphy called the deodorant, Odorono (Odor-o-no) and started the company Odorono Co.[2][4] At the time, deodorant products were not widely used, and Murphey was, for the most part, unsuccessful at selling the product in the office she rented in Cincinnati. Most potential users thought the item was either unnecessary, potentially harmful to their health, or that the red color of the product would damage their clothing.

Odorono began selling after Murphey took the product to Atlantic City in 1912 for a Summer long exposition.[5] Subsequently, Murphey began advertising the product in newspapers in major cities. In 1914, Murphey took out at US$50,000 bank loan, and hired the J. Walter Thompson (JWT) agency to create a national advertising campaign for Odorono. Early advertisements focused on addressing the idea that the product was unhealthy, the ads stressed that the product had been developed by a doctor and was safe for daily use. Then, after JWT employee James Young conducted a survey on why women were not buying the product, Young discovered that most women did not have a need for the deodorant. Thus, in 1919, Odorono switched its advertising strategy to convince people that sweating was an embarrassing problem, and as a result of this campaign, Odorono sales rose 112 percent. The first ad created with this strategy appeared in Ladies' Home Journal.

By 1921, Odo-ro-no (the name was updated to represent pronunciation of the word) was advertised in newspapers in England, Cuba, Mexico, The Philippines, Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, Argentina, New Zealand, Australia, and South Africa.

In 1929, Murphey sold the company to Northam Warren, the inventor of the Cutex Cuticle Remover. Murphey is credited with creating the now 18 billion dollar deodorant market industry.

Medical concerns[edit]

The active ingredient of Odorono was aluminum chloride. As such, the solution irritated underarms and in 1913 the American Medical Association (AMA) determined it was likely to clog the pores in the underarm. To avoid this side effect, customers were advised to avoid shaving prior to use, and to apply the product before bed (so that the product would dry and would not stain clothing).

Sample advertisements created for Odorono[edit]

  • "A woman’s arm! Poets have sung of it, great artists have painted its beauty. It should be the daintiest, sweetest thing in the world. And yet, unfortunately, it’s isn’t always."[6]
  • "Within the Curve of a Woman’s arm. A frank discussion of a subject too often avoided."

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Is Deodorant Bad For You?". Green Theory, LLC. Retrieved 2018-07-27. 
  2. ^ a b "Our history: Odorono ads made us realize we needed deodorant". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved 2018-07-27. 
  3. ^ "Body Odor Through the Ages: A Brief History of Deodorant". 2008-02-21. Retrieved 2018-07-27. 
  4. ^ cosmeticsandskin@gmail.com. "Cosmetics and Skin: Odorono". cosmeticsandskin.com. Retrieved 2018-07-27. 
  5. ^ "How Advertisers Convinced Americans They Smelled Bad". Smithsonian. Retrieved 2018-07-27. 
  6. ^ "'Men can be such awful gossips!' Hilarious early deodorant ads warn women of the romantic implications of body odour". Mail Online. Retrieved 2018-07-27.