Edoardo Amaldi

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This article is about an Italian physicist. For a European unmanned cargo resupply spacecraft, see Edoardo Amaldi ATV.
Edoardo Amaldi in 1960

Edoardo Amaldi (5 September 1908 – 5 December 1989) was an Italian physicist.

Life and career[edit]

Amaldi was born in Carpaneto Piacentino, son of Ugo Amaldi, professor of mathematics at the University of Padua, and Luisa Basini.[1][2][3][4]

Amaldi graduated under the supervision of Enrico Fermi and was his main collaborator until 1938, when Fermi left Italy for the United States. In 1939, Amaldi was drafted into the Royal Italian Army and returned to physics in 1941.

The Via Panisperna Boys, including Edoardo Amaldi (center), circa 1934

After WWII, Amaldi held the chair of "General Physics" at the Sapienza University of Rome, rebuilt the post-Fermi school of physics, and was the co-founder of the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics and of ESRO. He was the general secretary of CERN at its early stages when operations were still provisional, before September's 1954 official foundation.[5][6][7][8] He pioneered in Europe the search for gravitational waves.

His main scientific results have been the research on slow neutrons in the Fermi group, and the evidence for antiproton annihilations with emulsion techniques, somewhat contemporary to its production in accelerators by Emilio Segrè and collaborators. Amaldi co-authored about 200 scientific publications ranging from atomic spectroscopy and nuclear physics to elementary particle physics and experimental gravitation, as well as textbooks for secondary schools and universities. He also wrote historical-scientific books, like for example, the biography of his missing friend Ettore Majorana. He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences in 1958[9] and American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1962.[10] In 1963 he became foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.[11]

Amaldi died unexpectedly on 5 December 1989, still in full activity, while he was president of the Accademia dei Lincei, of which he had been a member since 1948.

The third Automated Transfer Vehicle of the European Space Agency bears his name.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rubbia, C. (1991). "Edoardo Amaldi. 5 September 1908-5 December 1989". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 37: 2–0. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1991.0001.  edit
  2. ^ Salvini, G. (1992). "Edoardo Amaldi (5 September 1908-5 December 1989)". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 136 (3): 425–429. JSTOR 986916. 
  3. ^ "Edoardo Arnaldi e il rifiuto delle applicazioni militari della Fisica nucleare" (PDF). 
  4. ^ Rubbia, Carlo. Edoardo Amaldi : scientific statesman (PDF). ISBN 978-92-9083-042-9. 
  5. ^ "Edoardo Amaldi, 1908-1989". CERN Courier 30 (1): 27. February 1990. 
  6. ^ "Recollections of Edoardo Amaldi". CERN Courier 39 (3): 37. April 1999. 
  7. ^ "Edoardo Amaldi: a true statesman of science". CERN Courier 48 (10): 13–17. December 2008. 
  8. ^ "47th session of CERN council: departure of Edoardo Amaldi". CERN Courier 12 (1): 5–6. January 1972. 
  9. ^ Амальди Эдоардо. ras.ru
  10. ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  11. ^ "Edoardo Amaldi (1908 - 1989)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 19 July 2015. 
  12. ^ "Third ATV named after Edoardo Amaldi". ESA Bulletin (142): 59. 2010. ISSN 0376-4265. 

External links[edit]