Edoardo Croci

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Edoardo Croci (born 15 November 1961, Milan) is an Italian environmentalist and politician.


As Milan city Councilor for Mobility, Transport and the Environment, he introduced an innovative urban road pricing toll, related to fine dust emissions, to access the city centre since 2 January 2008.[1] The system called Ecopass has been defined as a pollution charge[1] in the category of Congestion pricing systems. Ecopass reduced PM10 emissions by 23% in the first 11 months of operation.[2] It has been studied by researchers and policy makers worldwide[3][4] as an example of transport economics. Ecopass reduced congestion (the congestion index fell by 4,7%) and improved road safety (a 10.5% drop in accidents in the toll zone).[5]

City referendum[edit]

After leaving the Municipality he assumed the role of President of the “committee for referendums on the environment and the quality of life in Milan” in 2010.[6] The committee promoted referendums on mobility, energy, water, green, and the world EXPO 2015.[2]:58 All the referendums were approved with votes between 79% and 95%.[7] The experience is considered an exemplar case of environmental democracy at the international level, as it was sponsored by deputy majors of five major European cities.[8]


  1. ^ a b "Europe | Milan introduces traffic charge". BBC News. 2008-01-02. Retrieved 2013-08-25.
  2. ^ a b "OECD Environmental Performance Reviews OECD Environmental Performance ... - OECD". 2013-03-20. Missing or empty |url= (help) Edoardo Croci at Google Books
  3. ^ OECD Economic Surveys p. 109
  4. ^ Primer p. 105
  5. ^ Milan p. 5
  6. ^ Milan's pollution harge pag 10
  7. ^ "COMUNE DI MILANO - Banche dati elettorale". Comune.milano.it. Retrieved 2013-08-25.
  8. ^ "Sostegno a MilanoSìMuove da Parigi, Bruxelles, Barcellona, Monaco e Graz | Referendum per l'ambiente e la mobilità a Milano". Milanosimuove.it. 2011-12-22. Retrieved 2013-08-25.