Edouard Jean Conrad Hamman (24 September 1819 in Ostend – 30 March 1888 in Paris) was a Belgian painter and engraver who specialized in portraying scenes from the lives of famous artists, scholars and the nobility.
Life and work
He grew up in a well-to-do family. His father was the Town Receiver and secretary of the Chamber of Commerce in Ostend and created a fund for the benefit of needy fishermen and their families. Little is known of this period in his life, but he apparently became a student of François-Antoine Bossuet at an early age. In the school-year 1837/38, he was enrolled at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts (Antwerp). He was also a private student in the studio of Nicaise de Keyser. It is believed that he was a student of Hendrik Leys, although Leys had no students, properly speaking.
He had his formal debut at the Ghent Salon of 1838 with an unspecified "interior scene". His exposure to other artists there led to him being influenced by the style of Louis Gallait. His first success was at the Brussels Salon of 1842, which was followed by a commission to paint a mural, The Triumphant Entry of the Archduke Albert and Isabella to Ostend in 1604, for the Town Hall. Unfortunately, the mural was destroyed during World War II. At this time he also did several illustrations for books by the publishing firm of J.E.Buschmann.
In 1846 he moved to Paris for further studies at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, where he was attracted to the works of Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury and Thomas Couture. In 1849 he made the traditional study trip to Italy. He eventually achieved great fame in France. Napoleon III and the Empress Eugénie were fond of his work and in 1863 the French government bought his painting Education of Charles V for 4,000 francs. Among his other notable works from this period are six paintings of Italian history, commissioned by Victor Emmanuel II, and the series "Celebrated Composers", reproductions from which are still in use.
In later years he turned more to genre painting and portraits, including one of King Norodom of Cambodia, which brought him great distinction in that country. His son, Édouard Michel Ferdinand Hamman (1854-1952) became a landscape painter of some note.
- Jo Caluyn : Een schilder en de geschiedenis: Henri Leys (1815-1869), zijn historische schilderkunst en zijn faam (thesis)
- Hippert, Theodor, J. Linnig. Le peintre graveur hollandais et belge du XIXe siècle. (Brussel: Fr. J. Oliver, 2 vol., 1874, 1879)
- Handelsblad (Het) 04-11-1885
- A.P. De Mirimonde, Edouard Hamman et l’histoire de la musique en peinture, in: Jaarboek van het Kon. Museum voor Schone Kunsten te Antwerpen, 1973, pgs. 269-299
- N. Hostyn, Kunstschilder Edouard Hamman. Bondige chronologie van zijn leven en werk, in: Ostendiana III, Ostend, 1978
- Le dictionnaire des Peintres Belges du XIVe siècle à nos jours, Brussels, 1994
- P. Piron, Dictionnaire des artistes plasticiens de Belgique des XIXe et XXe siècles, Lasne, 2003
- Turner, J., Grove Dictionary of Art, Oxford University Press, USA; new edition (January 2, 1996); ISBN 0-19-517068-7
- Edouard Hamman, in Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon, Vol. 68. Hai – Hammock, Berlin-New York (De Gruyter), 2011
Media related to Edouard Hamman at Wikimedia Commons