Edremit, Van

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Edremit
Edremit is located in Turkey
Edremit
Edremit
Coordinates: 38°25′27″N 43°15′22″E / 38.42417°N 43.25611°E / 38.42417; 43.25611Coordinates: 38°25′27″N 43°15′22″E / 38.42417°N 43.25611°E / 38.42417; 43.25611
Country Turkey
ProvinceVan
Government
 • MayorGülcan Kaçmaz Sayyiğit (HDP)
 • KaymakamMuhammet Fuat Türkman
Area
 • District270.27 km2 (104.35 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
14,225
 • District
26,218
 • District density97/km2 (250/sq mi)
Post code
65170
Websitewww.vanedremit.bel.tr

Edremit (Kurdish: Artemêt‎),[3] is a district in the Van Province of Turkey. The district's central town which has the same name is situated on the coast of Lake Van at a distance of 18 kilometres (11 mi) from the city of Van.

Government[edit]

Gülcan Kaçmaz Sayyiğit from the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) was elected mayor at the local elections in March 2019.[4] In September 2019 five council members of the HDP were dismissed and replaced with trustees.[5] The Kaymakam is Muhammet Fuat Türkman.[6]

Etymology[edit]

  1. The current name of Edremit originates from Armenian name of Artamet, which literally means "Near the Fields" in Armenian, as it lies near the fields of grape and apple trees at the coastline of lake Van. Also, Artamet deserved the title of the capital of Armenian apples, because during millennia Artamet's apples believed to be better in the whole Armenia.[citation needed]
  2. The Greek name for Edremit is Adramyttion (Άδραμύττιον). Greeks connect this name with the ancient Greek goddess Artemis.
  3. The Latin name is Adramyttium.

History[edit]

Artamet's foundation predates the Christian era. It was founded as a small town at the shores of Lake Van in Tosp district of Vaspurakan province lying in the middle of Historical Armenia. In the course of history, the city has had several names: Artemida, Zard, Artashessyan, Avan, Artavanyan and now - Edremit.

In the time of the Urartian Kingdom, the Edremit gardens were irrigated by the Menua Canal and known to be fertile.[7]

In the 10th century Artamet was known as a feudal city with a population of 12 000. It was renowned for the best apples in all Armenia.

At the beginning of the 19th century Artamet had approximately 500 houses, 435 of which were Armenian, and 65 Turkish. After the first Armenian genocide of 1894–1896 the number of Turkish houses rose so quickly that the city consisting of 600 families has already 200 Armenian and 400 Turkish families.

On the edge of the Armenian genocide Armenians lived mainly in central part of Artamet, Turks settled near peripheral gardens and fields. Before 1915 Artamet had 10 Armenian churches and 1 Greek church. Armenians, Greeks, Assyrians and other local Christians were almost entirely destroyed by Turks in 1915-1923 Armenian genocide. After the legal owners were massacred, thousands of their historical monuments were annihilated as well.

Events of Artamet in 1915 are described in the book of Venezuelan writer Raphael de Nogales.[8]

Earthquake

On the 9 November 2011 an earthquake of the magnitude of 5.9 Mw occurred in Edremit. [9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Adem Avcıkıran (2009). Kürtçe Anamnez Anamneza bi Kurmancî (PDF) (in Turkish and Kurdish). p. 57. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  4. ^ Şafak, Yeni (2019-06-12). "Van Edremit Seçim Sonuçları – Edremit Yerel Seçim Sonuçları". Yeni Şafak (in Turkish). Retrieved 2019-12-06.
  5. ^ "HDP councillors in Çaldıran and Edremit replaced by trustees". ANF News. Retrieved 2019-12-06.
  6. ^ "T.C. Edremit Kaymakamlığı". www.edremit.gov.tr. Retrieved 2019-12-06.
  7. ^ Çiftçi, Ali (2017). The Socio-Economic Organisation of the Urartian Kingdom. Brill. p. 67. ISBN 9789004347588.
  8. ^ Four Years Beneath the Crescent
  9. ^ Güney, D. "Van earthquakes (23 October 2011 and 9 November 2011) and performance of masonry and adobe structures" (PDF). Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. Retrieved 1 March 2020.