Edsall-class destroyer escort

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USS Edsall (DE-129) underway at sea, in 1945.jpg
USS Edsall
Class overview
Name: Edsall class
Builders:
Operators:
Preceded by: Cannon class
Succeeded by: Rudderow class
In commission: 1943-2015
Planned: 85
Completed: 85
Lost: 5
Retired: 84
Scrapped: 75
Preserved: 1
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer escort
Displacement:
  • 1,253 tons standard
  • 1,590 tons full load
Length: 306 ft (93.3 m)
Beam: 36 ft 7 in (11.2 m)
Draft: 10 ft 5 in (3.2 m)
Propulsion: 2-shaft Fairbanks-Morse geared diesel engines, 6,000 bhp (4,500 kW)
Speed: 21 kn (39 km/h; 24 mph)
Range: 10,800 nmi (20,000 km; 12,400 mi) at 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Complement: 186
Armament:

The Edsall-class destroyer escorts were destroyer escorts built primarily for ocean antisubmarine escort service during World War II. The lead ship, USS Edsall, was commissioned on 10 April 1943 at Orange, Texas. The class was also known as the FMR type from their Fairbanks-Morse reduction-geared diesel drive, with a type of engine used in the submarines of the time. The FMR's substitution for a diesel-electric power plant was the essential difference from the predecessor Cannon ("DET") class.[1] This was the only World War II destroyer escort class in which all the ships originally ordered were completed as United States Navy destroyer escorts.[2] Destroyer escorts were regular companions escorting the vulnerable cargo ships. Late in the war, plans were made to replace the 3-inch (76 mm) guns with 5-inch (127 mm) guns, but only Camp was refitted (after a collision). In total, all 85 were completed by two shipbuilding companies: Consolidated Steel Corporation, Orange, Texas (47), and Brown Shipbuilding, Houston, Texas (38). Most were en route to the Pacific Theater when Japan surrendered. One of the ships participated in Operation Dragoon and two were attacked by German guided missiles.

Hull numbers[edit]

A total of 85 Edsall-class destroyer escorts were built.

Fate[edit]

Destroyed or damaged in combat[edit]

Transferred to US Coast Guard from 1951 to 1954[edit]

USS Lansing in 1963

Transferred to other countries[edit]

Notable ships of class[edit]

Ships in Class[edit]

Ship Name Hull No. Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Fate
Edsall DE-129 Consolidated Steel Corporation, Orange, Texas 2 July 1942 1 November 1942 10 April 1943 11 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 June 1968, sold for scrap in July 1969
Jacob Jones DE-130 16 June 1942 29 November 1942 29 April 1943 26 July 1946 Struck from Navy List 2 January 1971, sold for scrap 22 August 1973
Hammann (ex-Langley) DE-131 10 July 1942 13 December 1942 17 May 1943 24 October 1945 Struck from Navy List 1 October 1972, sold for scrap 18 January 1974
Robert E. Peary DE-132 30 June 1942 2 January 1943 31 May 1943 13 June 1947 Struck from Navy List 1 July 1966, sold for scrap 6 September 1967
Pillsbury DE-133 18 July 1942 10 January 1943 7 June 1943 1 May 1947 Reclassified DER-133 in August 1954. Struck from Navy List 1 July 1965, sold for scrap in 1966
15 March 1955 20 June 1960
Pope DE-134 14 July 1942 12 January 1943 25 June 1943 17 May 1946 Struck from Navy List 2 January 1971, sold for scrap 22 August 1973
Flaherty DE-135 7 November 1942 17 January 1943 26 June 1943 17 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 April 1965, sold for scrap 4 November 1966
Frederick C. Davis DE-136 9 November 1942 24 January 1943 14 July 1943 N/A Torpedoed and sunk by German U-546 in Western Atlantic on 24 April 1945
Herbert C. Jones DE-137 30 November 1942 19 January 1943 21 July 1943 2 May 1947 Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap 19 July 1973
Douglas L. Howard DE-138 8 December 1942 24 January 1943 29 July 1943 17 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 October 1972, sold for scrap 14 May 1974
Farquhar DE-139 14 December 1942 13 February 1943 5 August 1943 14 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 October 1972, sold for scrap 21 March 1974
J. R. Y. Blakely DE-140 16 December 1942 7 March 1943 16 August 1943 14 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 2 January 1971, sold for scrap 22 August 1973
Hill DE-141 21 December 1942 28 February 1943 16 August 1943 7 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 October 1972, sold for scrap 18 January 1974
Fessenden DE-142 4 January 1943 9 March 1943 25 August 1943 24 June 1946 Reclassified DER-142 1 October 1951. Struck from Navy List 1 September 1966, sunk as a target off Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on 20 December 1967
4 March 1952 30 June 1960
Fiske DE-143 4 January 1943 14 March 1943 25 August 1943 N/A Torpedoed and sunk by German U-804 north of the Azores on 2 August 1944
Frost DE-144 13 January 1943 21 March 1943 30 August 1943 18 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 April 1965, sold for scrap 29 December 1966
Huse DE-145 11 January 1943 23 March 1943 30 August 1943 27 March 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1973, sold for scrap 24 June 1974
3 August 1951 30 June 1965
Inch DE-146 19 January 1943 4 April 1943 8 September 1943 17 May 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 October 1972, sold for scrap 21 March 1974
Blair DE-147 19 January 1943 6 April 1943 13 September 1943 28 June 1946 Reclassified DER-147 1 November 1956. Struck from Navy List 1 December 1972, sold for scrap 20 September 1974
5 October 1951 13 November 1956
2 December 1957 15 June 1960
Brough DE-148 22 January 1943 10 April 1943 18 September 1943 22 March 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 November 1965, sold for scrap 13 October 1966
7 September 1951 30 June 1965
Chatelain DE-149 25 January 1943 21 April 1943 22 September 1943 14 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1973, sold for scrap 24 June 1974
Neunzer DE-150 29 January 1943 27 April 1943 27 September 1943 January 1947 Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap 1 November 1973
Poole DE-151 13 February 1943 8 May 1943 29 September 1943 January 1947 Struck from Navy List 2 January 1971, sold for scrap 30 January 1974
Peterson DE-152 28 February 1943 15 May 1943 29 September 1943 1 May 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1973, sold for scrap in 1974
2 May 1952 June 1965
Stewart DE-238 Brown Shipbuilding, Houston, Texas 15 July 1942 22 November 1942 31 May 1943 January 1947 Struck from Navy List 1 October 1972; Donated as a museum ship in Galveston, Texas on 25 June 1974
Sturtevant DE-239 15 July 1942 3 December 1942 16 June 1943 24 March 1946 Reclassified DER-239 1 November 1956. Struck from Navy List 1 December 1972, sold for scrap 20 September 1973
3 August 1951 31 October 1956
5 October 1957 June 1960
Moore DE-240 20 July 1942 21 December 1942 1 July 1943 30 June 1947 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1973, sunk as a target off Virginia on 13 June 1975
Keith (ex-Scott) DE-241 4 August 1942 21 December 1942 19 July 1943 20 September 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 November 1972, sold for scrap in 1973
Tomich DE-242 15 September 1942 28 December 1942 27 July 1943 20 September 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 November 1972, sold for scrap 20 January 1974
J. Richard Ward (ex-James R. Ward) DE-243 30 September 1942 6 January 1943 5 July 1943 13 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 2 January 1971, sold for scrap 10 April 1972
Otterstetter DE-244 9 November 1942 19 January 1943 6 August 1943 21 September 1946 Reclassified DER-244 in December 1951. Struck from Navy List 1 August 1974, sunk as a target off Puerto Rico on 15 February 1976
6 June 1952 20 June 1960
Sloat DE-245 21 November 1942 21 January 1943 16 August 1943 6 August 1947 Struck from Navy List 2 January 1971, sold for scrap 10 April 1972
Snowden DE-246 7 December 1942 19 February 1943 23 August 1943 29 March 1946 Struck from Navy List 23 September 1968, sunk as a target off Newport, Rhode Island 23 June 1969
6 June 1951 August 1960
2 October 1961 23 September 1968
Stanton DE-247 7 December 1942 21 February 1943 7 August 1943 2 June 1947 Struck from Navy List 1 December 1970
Swasey DE-248 30 December 1942 18 March 1943 31 August 1943 15 January 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 November 1972, sold for scrap 30 January 1974
Marchand DE-249 30 December 1942 20 March 1943 8 September 1943 25 April 1947 Struck from Navy List 2 January 1971, sold for scrap 30 January 1974
Hurst DE-250 27 January 1943 14 April 1943 30 August 1943 1 May 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 December 1972. Transferred to Mexico as Comodoro Manual Azueta on 1 October 1973
Camp DE-251 27 January 1943 16 April 1943 16 September 1943 1 May 1946 Reclassified DER-251 21 October 1951. Transferred to South Vietnam as Tran Hung Dao 13 February 1971. Struck from Navy List while in South Vietnamese service on 30 December 1975. Escaped to the Philippines and transferred to the Philippine Navy as Rajah Lakandula 5 April 1976
31 July 1956 13 February 1971
Howard D. Crow DE-252 6 February 1943 26 April 1943 27 September 1943 22 May 1946 Struck from Navy List 23 September 1968, sold for scrap in October 1970
6 July 1951 23 September 1968
Pettit DE-253 6 February 1943 28 April 1943 23 September 1943 6 May 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1973, sunk as a target off Puerto Rico on 30 September 1974
Ricketts DE-254 16 March 1943 10 May 1943 5 October 1943 17 April 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 November 1972, sold for scrap 18 January 1974
Sellstrom DE-255 16 March 1943 12 May 1943 12 October 1943 13 June 1946 Reclassified DER-255 21 October 1955. Struck from Navy List 1 November 1965, sold for scrap in April 1967
1 October 1956 June 1960
Harveson DE-316 Consolidated Steel Corporation, Orange, Texas 9 March 1943 22 May 1943 12 October 1943 9 May 1947 Reclassified DER-316 13 September 1950. Struck from Navy List 1 December 1966, sunk as a target off California on 10 October 1967
12 February 1951 30 June 1960
Joyce DE-317 8 March 1943 26 May 1943 30 September 1943 1 May 1946 Reclassified DER-317 13 September 1950. Struck from Navy List 1 December 1972, sold for scrap 11 September 1973
28 February 1951 17 June 1960
Kirkpatrick DE-318 15 March 1943 5 June 1943 23 October 1943 1 May 1946 Reclassified DER-318 1 October 1951. Struck from Navy List 1 August 1974, sold for scrap 12 March 1975
23 February 1952 24 June 1960
Leopold DE-319 24 March 1943 12 June 1943 18 October 1943 N/A Torpedoed and sunk by German U-255 south of Iceland on 10 March 1944
Menges DE-320 22 March 1943 15 June 1943 26 October 1943 January 1947 Torpedoed in stern by German U-371 in the Gulf of Bougie on 3 May 1944; stern repaired at Brooklyn Navy Yard using the stern of the damaged Holder and returned to service 26 September 1944. Struck from Navy List 2 January 1971, sold for scrapping 10 April 1972.
Mosley DE-321 6 April 1943 26 June 1943 30 October 1943 15 March 1946 Struck from Navy List 2 January 1971, sold for scrap 22 August 1973
Newell DE-322 5 April 1943 29 June 1943 30 October 1943 20 November 1945 Commissioned into the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Newell (WDE-422) on 20 July 1951. Decommissioned from the USCG and returned to the US Navy 1 June 1954. Reclassified DER-322 1 November 1956. Struck from Navy List 23 September 1968, sold for scrap 15 December 1971
20 August 1957 21 September 1968
Pride DE-323 12 April 1943 3 July 1943 13 November 1943 26 April 1946 Commissioned into the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Pride (WDE-423) on 20 July 1951. Decommissioned from the USCG and returned to the US Navy 1 June 1954. Struck from Navy List 2 January 1971, sold for scrap 30 January 1974
Falgout DE-324 26 May 1943 24 July 1943 15 November 1943 18 April 1947 Commissioned into the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Falgout (WDE-424) on 24 August 1951. Decommissioned from the USCG and returned to the US Navy 21 May 1954. Reclassified DER-324 28 October 1954. Struck from Navy List 1 June 1975, sunk as a target off California 12 January 1977
30 June 1955 10 October 1969
Lowe DE-325 24 May 1943 28 July 1943 22 November 1943 1 May 1946 Commissioned into the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Lowe (WDE-425) on 20 July 1951. Decommissioned from the USCG and returned to the US Navy 1 June 1954. Reclassified DER-325 28 October 1954. Struck from Navy List 23 September 1968, sold for scrap 3 September 1969
15 January 1955 23 September 1968
Thomas J. Gary (ex-Gary) DE-326 15 June 1943 21 August 1943 27 November 1943 7 March 1947 Renamed from Gary 1 January 1945 to free the name for Light Cruiser CL-147. Reclassified DER-326 1 November 1956. Struck from Navy List 22 October 1973. Transferred to Tunisia and renamed President Bourgiba on 22 October 1973
2 August 1957 22 October 1973
Brister (ex-O'Toole) DE-327 14 June 1943 24 August 1943 30 November 1943 4 October 1946 Reclassified DER-327 21 October 1955. Struck from Navy List 23 September 1968, sold for scrap 3 November 1971
21 July 1956 21 September 1968
Finch DE-328 29 June 1943 28 August 1943 13 December 1943 4 October 1946 Commissioned into the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Finch (WDE-428) on 21 August 1951. Decommissioned from the USCG and returned to the US Navy 23 April 1954. Reclassified DER-328 21 October 1955. Struck from Navy List 1 February 1974, sold for scrap 27 September 1974
17 September 1956 1 October 1973
Kretchmer DE-329 28 June 1943 31 August 1943 27 December 1943 20 September 1946 Reclassified DER-329 21 October 1955. Struck from Navy List 30 September 1973, sold for scrap 14 May 1974
22 September 1956 1 October 1973
O'Reilly DE-330 29 July 1943 2 October 1943 28 December 1943 15 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 15 January 1971, sold for scrap 10 April 1972
Koiner DE-331 26 July 1943 5 October 1943 27 December 1943 4 October 1946 Commissioned into the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Koiner (WDE-431) on 20 June 1951. Decommissioned from the USCG and returned to the US Navy 14 May 1954. Reclassified DER-328 28 October 1954. Struck from Navy List 23 September 1968, sold for scrap 3 September 1969
26 August 1955 23 September 1968
Price DE-332 24 August 1943 30 October 1943 12 January 1944 16 May 1947 Reclassified DER-332 21 October 1955. Struck from Navy List 1 August 1974, sold for scrap 12 March 1975
1 August 1956 30 June 1960
Strickland DE-333 23 August 1943 2 November 1943 10 January 1944 15 June 1946 Reclassified DER-333 1 October 1951. Struck from Navy List 1 December 1972, sold for scrap 10 September 1974
2 February 1952 17 June 1960
Forster DE-334 31 August 1943 13 November 1943 25 January 1944 15 June 1946 Commissioned into the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Forster (WDE-434) on 29 June 1951. Decommissioned from the USCG and returned to the US Navy 25 May 1954. Reclassified DER-334 21 October 1955. Struck from Navy List 25 September 1971. Transferred to South Vietnam and renamed Tran Khanh Du on 25 September 1971. Captured by North Vietnam and renamed Dai Ky 29 April 1975, retained in Vietnamese service after fall of South Vietnam
23 October 1956 25 September 1971
Daniel DE-335 30 August 1943 16 November 1943 24 January 1944 12 April 1946 Struck from Navy List 15 January 1971, sold for scrap 30 January 1974
Roy O. Hale DE-336 13 September 1943 20 November 1943 3 February 1944 11 July 1946 Reclassified DER-336 21 October 1955. Struck from Navy List 1 August 1974, sold for scrap 12 March 1975
29 January 1957 15 July 1963
Dale W. Peterson DE-337 25 October 1943 22 December 1943 17 February 1944 27 March 1946 Struck from Navy List 2 January 1971, sold for scrap 10 April 1972
Martin H. Ray DE-338 27 October 1943 29 December 1943 28 February 1944 March 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 May 1966, sold for scrap 30 March 1967
Ramsden DE-382 Brown Shipbuilding, Houston, Texas 26 March 1943 24 May 1943 19 October 1943 13 June 1946 Commissioned into the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Ramsden (WDE-482) on 1 April 1952. Decommissioned from the USCG and returned to the US Navy 28 June 1954. Reclassified DER-382 1 November 1956. Struck from Navy List 1 August 1974, later sunk as a target
10 December 1957 23 June 1960
Mills DE-383 26 March 1943 26 May 1943 12 October 1943 14 June 1946 Reclassified DER-383 on 1 November 1956. Struck from Navy List 1 August 1974, sold for scrap 12 March 1975
3 October 1957 27 October 1970
Rhodes DE-384 19 April 1943 29 June 1943 25 October 1943 13 June 1946 Reclassified DER-384 on 28 October 1954. Struck from Navy List 1 August 1974, sold for scrap 12 March 1975
1 August 1955 10 July 1963
Richey DE-385 19 April 1943 30 June 1943 30 October 1943 January 1947 Commissioned into the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Richey (WDE-485) on 1 April 1952. Decommissioned from the USCG and returned to the US Navy 28 June 1954. Struck from Navy List 30 June 1968, sunk as a target off California in July 1969
Savage DE-386 30 April 1943 15 July 1943 29 October 1943 13 June 1946 Reclassified DER-386 on 28 October 1954. Struck from Navy List 1 June 1975, sunk as a target off California 25 October 1982
18 February 1955 17 October 1969
Vance DE-387 30 April 1943 16 July 1943 1 November 1943 27 February 1946 Commissioned into the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Vance (WDE-487) on 9 May 1952. Decommissioned from the USCG and returned to the US Navy 16 June 1954. Reclassified DER-387 21 October 1955. Struck from Navy List 1 June 1975, later sunk as a target in 1985
5 October 1956 10 October 1969
Lansing DE-388 15 May 1943 2 August 1943 10 November 1943 25 April 1946 Commissioned into the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Lansing (WDE-488) on 15 June 1952. Decommissioned from the USCG and returned to the US Navy 29 March 1954. Reclassified DER-388 21 October 1955. Struck from Navy List 1 February 1974, sold for scrap 16 August 1974
18 December 1956 21 May 1965
Durant DE-389 15 May 1943 3 August 1943 16 November 1943 27 February 1946 Commissioned into the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Durant (WDE-489) on 9 May 1952. Decommissioned from the USCG and returned to the US Navy 16 June 1954. Reclassified DER-389 7 December 1955. Struck from Navy List 1 April 1974, sold for scrap 16 August 1974
7 December 1956 June 1964
Calcaterra DE-390 28 May 1943 16 August 1943 17 November 1943 1 May 1946 Reclassified DER-390 28 October 1954. Struck from Navy List 2 July 1973, sold for scrap 14 May 1974
12 September 1955 2 July 1973
Chambers DE-391 28 May 1943 17 August 1943 22 November 1943 22 April 1946 Commissioned into the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Chambers (WDE-491) on 11 June 1952. Decommissioned from the USCG and returned to the US Navy 30 July 1954. Reclassified DER-391 28 October 1954. Struck from Navy List 1 March 1975, sold for scrap 24 September 1975
1 June 1955 20 June 1960
Merrill DE-392 1 July 1943 29 August 1943 27 November 1943 1 May 1946 Struck from Navy List 2 April 1971, sold for scrap 30 September 1974
Haverfield DE-393 1 July 1943 30 August 1943 29 November 1943 30 June 1947 Reclassified DER-393 2 September 1954. Struck from Navy List 2 June 1969, sold for scrap 15 December 1971
4 January 1955 2 June 1969
Swenning DE-394 17 July 1943 13 September 1943 1 December 1943 18 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap 17 January 1974
Willis DE-395 17 July 1943 14 September 1943 10 December 1943 14 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap later in 1972
Janssen DE-396 4 August 1943 4 October 1943 18 December 1943 19 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sold for scrap 15 October 1973
Wilhoite DE-397 4 August 1943 5 October 1943 16 December 1943 19 June 1946 Reclassified DER-397 2 September 1954. Struck from Navy List 2 July 1969, sold for scrap 19 July 1972
29 January 1955 2 July 1969
Cockrill DE-398 31 August 1943 29 October 1943 24 December 1943 21 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 August 1973, sunk as a target off Florida on 19 November 1974
Stockdale DE-399 31 August 1943 30 October 1943 31 December 1943 15 June 1946 Struck from Navy List 1 July 1972, sunk as a target off Florida on 24 May 1974
Hissem DE-400 6 October 1943 26 December 1943 13 January 1944 15 June 1946 Reclassified DER-400 21 October 1955. Struck from Navy List 1 June 1975, sunk as a target off California on 24 February 1982
31 August 1956 15 May 1970
Holder DE-401 6 October 1943 27 December 1943 18 January 1944 13 September 1944 Torpedoed by German aircraft northeast of Algiers on 11 April 1944. Struck from Navy List 23 September 1944. Stern used to repair Menges (DE-320). Remainder of ship sold for scrap 19 June 1947

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rivet, Eric; Stenzel, Michael (22 April 2011). "Classes of Destroyer Escorts". History of Destroyer Escorts. Destroyer Escort Historical Museum. Retrieved 8 July 2012. Except for the propulsion, the EDSALL class was nearly identical to the CANNON class in every respect. This fourth class of destroyer escort mounted a direct drive diesel configuration that proved to be extremely reliable.
  2. ^ U.S. Destroyers, an illustrated design history by Norman Friedman, ISBN 1-55750-442-3 Chapter 7

External links[edit]