|Born||November 3 [O.S. October 22] 1895
Odessa, Russian Empire
|Died||16 February 1934
Eduard Bagritsky (Russian: Эдуа́рд Гео́ргиевич Багри́цкий, IPA: [ɪdʊˈard ɡʲɪˈorɡʲɪjɪvʲɪtɕ bɐˈɡrʲitskʲɪj] ( listen); November 3 [O.S. October 22] 1895 – February 16, 1934) was an important Russian and Soviet poet of the Constructivist School.
He was a Neo-Romantic early in his poetic career; he was also a part of the so-called Odessa School of Russian writers (which also included Isaak Babel, Yuri Olesha, Valentin Katayev, Vera Inber, Ilya Ilf and Yevgeni Petrov, among others). A large number of this school's writers were Odessa natives who often incorporated Ukrainian inflections and vocabulary into their writing.
Born Eduard Godelevich Dzyubin (Russian: Эдуа́рд Гео́ргиевич Дзю́бин, IPA: [ˈdzʲʉbʲɪn] ( listen); Ukrainian: Дзю́бін) in Odessa to a Jewish bourgeois family, most of his creative career took place in Moscow. After his early death from asthma, his friends helped to publish several of his works posthumously to provide financial assistance to his family. Isaak Babel, for example, planned to write a screenplay based on Bagritsky's long poem "Duma about Opanas" (the script was never finished and was eventually lost).
Bagritsky was heavily influenced by the Russian Revolution and Civil War. His poetry often touches on the subjects of violence, revolutionary morality, sexuality and its interethnic sociological problems. His worldview was extremely unsentimental, and earned him much invective from detractors from all sides who saw his poetry as vindictive toward both his Jewish origins and the host Russian culture.
In his book Russian Poet/Soviet Jew: The Legacy of Eduard Bagritskii (2000), Maxim D. Shrayer investigated the path of this major Jewish poet writing in the Russian language and examined Bagritsky's contested legacy. The book included English translations of Bagrtisky's works, among the his long poem February (1933–34).
Bagritsky's wife, Lidia Gustavovna Suok (of Czech and Austrian descent), had two sisters who also married noted writers: Olga married Yuri Olesha and Serafima married Vladimir Narbut. Bagritsky's son Vsevolod (killed early in World War II) was also a notable Russian poet, whose fiancée Yelena Bonner (eventually the wife of Andrei Sakharov) later was a notable Russian dissident.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eduard Bagritsky.|
- Article about Bagritsky in the YIVO Encyclopediad of Jews in Eastern Europe
- Eduard Bagritsky. Poems
- Bargitsky in English
- P. Barenboim, B. Meshcheryakov — Flanders in Moscow and Odessa:: poet Eduard Bagritskii (Bagritsky) as the Till Ulenspiegel of Russian literature. An HTML version of the book on the Flemish theme and opposition to Stalinism in the poetical legacy of Eduard Bagritskii (Bagritsky). Complete translations of the poems comprising the “Flemish” cycle. This book in print.