Eduard Fischer (mycologist)

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Eduard Fischer
Eduard Fischer 1861-1939.jpg
Born (1861-06-16)June 16, 1861
Berne
Died November 18, 1939(1939-11-18) (aged 78)
Berne
Residence Switzerland
Citizenship Swiss
Fields Botany, mycology, plant pathology
Institutions University of Bern
Doctoral advisor Heinrich Anton de Bary
Doctoral students Lydia Rabinowitsch, Ernst Albert Gäumann
Author abbrev. (botany) E.Fisch.

Eduard Fischer (16 June 1861 – 18 November 1939) was a Swiss botanist and mycologist.

Life[edit]

Fischer was the son of botanist Ludwig Fischer, a professor and director of the state botanic garden.[1] Fischer studied at the University of Bern and graduated in 1883 with mushroom researcher Heinrich Anton de Bary in Strasbourg, with whom he studied Gasteromycetes.[2] During further studies in Berlin during 1884–1885, he worked with Simon Schwendener (1829–1919), August Wilhelm Eichler (1839–1887) and Paul Friedrich August Ascherson (1834–1913). In 1885 Fischer was appointed as a lecturer at the University of Bern; 1893, he was promoted to associate professor. From 1897 to 1933 he was professor of botany and general biology at the university, and succeeded his father as director of the Botanic Garden and Botanical Institute in Berne.

In 1899, Fischer married Johanna Gruner, who came from a scholarly family. He died in Berne on 18 November 1939, aged 78. He was the father of the pianist Kurt von Fischer.

Work[edit]

Fischer produced major monographs for central Europe of various ascomycete and basidiomycete groups, including rusts.[3] Fischer encouraged the plant pathologist Arthur Jaczewski to study mycology.[4] His graduate students included the Lithuanian-born American physician Lydia Rabinowitsch,[1] and the mycologist Ernst Albert Gäumann.[5] Fischer became a member of the Linnean Society of London in 1932.[6]

Honors[edit]

Taxa described[edit]

Staheliomyces cinctus was described by Fischer in 1921.

Eponymous taxa[edit]

Publications[edit]

  • Berlese, A.N.; De-Toni, J.B.; Fischer, E. (1888). Sylloge Fungorum 7 (1): 1–498.
  • Berlese, A.N.; De-Toni, J.B.; Fischer, E. (1888). Sylloge Fungorum 7 (2): 499.
  • Fischer, E. (1886). "Zur Entwickelungsgeschichte der Fruchtkörper einiger Phalloideen. Annales du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg 6: 1–51.
  • Fischer, E. (1888). "Zur Kenntniss der Pilzgattung Cyttaria". Botanische Zeitung 46: 813–831.
  • Fischer, E. (1888). "Zur Kenntniss der Pilzgattung Cyttaria". Botanische Zeitung 48: 842–846.
  • Fischer, E. (1897). "Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Schweizerischen Rostpilze". Bulletin de l’Herbier Boissier 5: 393–394.
  • Fischer, E. (1909). "Studien zur Biologie von Gymnosporangium juniperinum". Zeitschrift für Botanik 1: 683–714.
  • Fischer, E. (1920, publ. 1921). "Zur Kenntnis von Graphiola und Farysia". Annales Mycologici 18: 188–197.
  • Eduard Fischer (1922) "Weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Gattung Graphiola" (More contributions towards understanding of the genus Graphiola) in Annales Mycologici (Annals of Mycology) 20:3 pp. 228 – 237
  • Fischer, E.; Albert Gäumann E.A. (1929) Biologie der pflanzenbewohnenden Pilze (Biology of the plant-inhabiting fungi)
  • Fischer, E. (1933) Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien: Unterklasse Eubasidii. Reihe Gastromyceteae (ed. by Engler and Prantl)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Creese MRS, Creese TM (2004). Ladies in the Laboratory 2. Scarecrow Press. p. 130. ISBN 978-0-8108-4979-2. 
  2. ^ Ainsworth GC. (1976). Introduction to the History of Mycology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 283. ISBN 0-521-11295-8. 
  3. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CABI. p. 257. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  4. ^ Ainsworth GC. (1981). Introduction to the History of Plant Pathology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 293. ISBN 978-0-521-23032-2. 
  5. ^ Gardner MW, Kern H (1965). "Ernst Albert Gäumann, 1893–1963". 57 (1). JSTOR 3756705. 
  6. ^ "New Foreign Members of the Linnean Society". Nature. 129 (3264): 753. 21 May 1932. doi:10.1038/129753a0. 
  7. ^ Trappe JM. (1975). "The genus Fischerula (Tuberales)". Mycologia. 67 (5): 934–41. JSTOR 3758584. doi:10.2307/3758584. 
  8. ^ IPNI.  E.Fisch.