Eduard Lumpe

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Eduard Lumpe Lithography by Josef Kriehuber, 1862

Eduard Lumpe (1813–1876)[1] was an obstetrician working in Vienna General Hospital as assistant to professor Johann Klein. He is mainly known for compiling a list of causes for childbed fever in 1845, reflecting the (in retrospect: limited) insights at the time. The disease was predominantly epidemic, i.e. due to miasmatic influences. Other causal factors included: general deprivation, worry, shame, attempted abortion, fear of death, dietary disorders, exposure to cold, local miasmas and difficult delivery.[2] Ignaz Semmelweis ridiculed Lumpe's work.

Lumpe's work reflected mainstream views, see for instance the work of Charles Delucena Meigs[3] for a similar American account in 1854.



  1. ^ Birth and death years retrieved in a cached Google search from a German antiquaritat für Medizin and should be confirmed ([1])[dead link]
  2. ^ Semmelweis 1861:13-14
  3. ^ Meigs(1854):179ff