Eduard Mörike

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Eduard Mörike
Eduard Mörike.jpg
Born (1804-09-08)8 September 1804
Ludwigsburg, Electorate of Württemberg
Died 4 June 1875(1875-06-04) (aged 70)
Stuttgart, Kingdom of Württemberg
Occupation Poet, writer
Nationality German

Signature

Eduard Friedrich Mörike (8 September 1804 – 4 June 1875) was a German Romantic poet and writer of novellas and novels.

Biography[edit]

Mörike was born in Ludwigsburg. His father was Karl Friedrich Mörike (died 1817), a district medical councilor; his mother was Charlotte Bayer. After the death of his father, in 1817, he went to live with his uncle Eberhard Friedrich Georgii in Stuttgart, who intended his nephew to become a clergyman. Therefore, after one year at the Stuttgart Gymnasium illustre, Mörike joined the Evangelical Seminary Urach, a humanist grammar school, in 1818 and from 1822 to 1826 attended the Tübinger Stift.[1] There, he scored low grades and failed the admission test to Urach Seminary, yet was accepted anyhow. At the Seminary he went on to study the classics, something that was to become a major influence on his writing, and he made the acquaintance of Wilhelm Hartlaub and Wilhelm Waiblinger. Afterwards he studied theology at the Seminary of Tübingen where he met Ludwig Bauer, David Friedrich Strauss and Friedrich Theodor Vischer.[2] Many of these friendships were long-lasting. In Tübingen, with Bauer, he invented the fairyland Orplid - see the poem Song Weylas (You are Orplid)[3] dating from 1831.

Mörike became a Lutheran pastor and, in 1834, he was appointed vicar of Cleversulzbach near Weinsberg, and, after his early retirement for reasons of health, in 1851 became professor of German literature at the Katharinenstift in Stuttgart. This office he held until he retired in 1866. He continued to live in Stuttgart until his death.

Works[edit]

Mörike's home in Lorch, Württemberg

Mörike was a member of the so-called Swabian school of writers around Ludwig Uhland. His poems (Gedichte, 1838), are mostly lyrical, yet often humorous and written in simple and seemingly everyday German. His ballad “Schön Rotraut” — opening with the line “Wie heisst König Ringangs Töchterlein?” — became a popular favorite.[2]

His first published work was the novel Maler Nolten (“The painter Nolten”, 1832), a Bildungsroman and fantastic tale about the life of a painter, and which revealed his imaginative power; it became fairly popular. The novella Mozart auf der Reise nach Prag (“Mozart on the way to Prague”, 1856) was a humorous examination of the problems of artists in a world uncongenial to art. It is frequently cited as his finest achievement.[2][4] He also wrote a somewhat fantastic Idylle vom Bodensee, oder Fischer Martin und die Glockendiebe (1846), the fairy tale Das Stuttgarter Hutzelmännlein (1855), and published a collection of hymns, odes, elegies, and idylls of the Greeks and Romans, entitled Klassische Blumenlese (1840). He also translated Anacreon and Theocritus into German.[5]

Mörike's Gesammelte Schriften (“Collected Writings”) were first published posthumously in 1878 (4 vols.). Later editions are those edited by R. Krauss (6 vols., 1905), and the Volksausgabe (“Popular edition”), published by Göschen (4 vols., 1905). Selections from his literary estate were published by R. Krauss in Eduard Mörike als Gelegenheitsdichter (1895), and his correspondence with Hermann Kurz, Moritz von Schwind, and Theodor Storm, by J. Bachtold (1885–1891); an edition of Mörike's Ausgewählte Briefe (“Selected letters”), in 2 vols., appeared 1903-1904.

Mörike (aged 20) as a student in Tübingen, 1824

His work was greatly praised by the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein who recommended him to Bertrand Russell as

really a great poet and his poems are among the best things we have...the beauty of Mörike's work is very closely related to Goethe's.[6]

Musical settings[edit]

Many of his lyrics were set to music by Hugo Wolf,[7] Ludwig Hetsch and Fritz Kauffmann. Ignaz Lachner set to music his opera Die Regenbrüder.[5] Many of his poems became established folksongs.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Reiner Strunk: Eduard Mörike, S. 17 ff.
  2. ^ a b c Wikisource-logo.svg Hartmann, Jacob Wittmer (1920). "Mörike, Eduard". In Rines, George Edwin. Encyclopedia Americana. 
  3. ^ Birgit Mayer: Eduard Mörike, p. 58
  4. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Mörike, Eduard". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. 
  5. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Mörike, Eduard". The American Cyclopædia. 
  6. ^ Wittgenstein, Ludwig (2003). Amélie, Rorty, ed. Letter to Bertrand Russell. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 417. 
  7. ^ Youens, Susan (2000). Hugo Wolf, and Robert Schumann and his Mörike songs. Cambridge University Press. p. 7. 

References[edit]

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mörike, Eduard Friedrich". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  This work in turn cites:
    • F. Notter, Eduard Mörike (1875)
    • H. Fischer, Eduard Mörike (1881)
    • K. Fischer, E. Mörike (1901)
    • H. Maync, E. Mörike (1902)
    • K. Fischer, Mörikes künstlerisches Schaffen und dichterische Schöpfungen (1903)

External links[edit]