He graduated from the Vienna public school in 1876, and then studied mathematics and physics at the Universität Wien, taking his degree in 1880. From November 1, 1882, till the death of T. Oppolzer (December, 1886) Mahler shared in the latter's scientific labors. On June 1, 1885, he was appointed assistant in the royal Austrian commission on measurement of degrees.
Mahler has devoted himself chiefly to chronology. In early life, he paid considerable attention to ancient Oriental history, Assyriology, and Egyptology, in which subjects he was a present private docent at the University of Budapest. On September 6, 1889, he received the royal medal Litteris et Artibus of Sweden and Norway; and since 1898 he has been an official of the Hungarian National Museum.
Mahler has published:
- "Fundamentalsätze der Allgemeinen Flächentheorie," Vienna, 1881;
- "Astronomische Untersuchung über die in der Bibel erwähnte ägyptische Finsterniss," ib. 1885;
- "Die Centralen Sonnenfinsternisse," ib. 1885;
- "Biblische Chronologie und Zeitrechnung der Hebräer," ib. 1887;
- "Fortsetzung der Wüstenfeld'schen Vergleichungs-Tabellen der Muhammedanischen und Christlichen Zeitrechnung," Leipzig, 1887;
- "Chronologische Vergleichungs-Tabellen," Vienna, 1889;
- "Maimonides' Kiddusch-Hachodesch," ib. 1890 (translated and explained);
- "Handbuch der jüdischen Chronologie," London, 1916;
besides many papers in Hungarian as well as contributions to various German scientific journals, as:
- "Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft"
- "Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften"
- "Journal Asiatique"
- "Zeitschrift für Assyriologie"
- "Zeitschrift für Mathematik und Physik"
- "Zeitschrift für ägyptische Sprache und Alterthumskunde"
- Ludwig Julius Eisenberg, Artist and writer encyclopedia Das Geistige Wien (1889), ii. 321-322.
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