Eduard Reich

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Eduard Reich
Plate 08 Eduard Reich, Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists (cropped).png
Eduard Reich, Medical Scientist)
Born6 March 1836
Died1 February 1919
Eduard Reich and signature

Eduard Maria Anton Johann Reich was born on March 6, 1836 in Sternberg in Moravia, now in the present Šternberk, Czech Republic. He died in 1 February 1919 in Muiderberg near Amsterdam, in the Netherlands.[1]

Reich, was Doctor of Medicine, specialising in Hygene. He was Legal Director and Vice President of KL-C. Academy, a member of the French Society of Hygiene in Paris, the Society for Public Medicin in Paris, the Aetiological-Medicinal Society in Berlin, the Berlin Medical Society.[2]

He held the post of Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of Bern.[2]

In 1858, he attempted to establish the topic of hygiene as a separate academic discipline.[3] His most influential work espoused the benefits of Moral and social hygiene examples in his booksOn the Degeneration of Men, its Sources and Prevention, and his System of Hygiene, 1870-71.[4]

Reich was an early practitioner of sexology who attempted to address the question of nervousness and sexuality. He described the wide gap between women in primitive and modern society in his book Neurasthenia in women: its causes and prevention (1872), seeing masturbation in modern society as a primary cause of “degeneration” and the demise of entire nations due to neurasthenia because of the interaction of fantasy and emotionality.[5][6][7]

He was an admirer of Darwin[8]


  1. ^ Flamm, Heinz (September 2018). "Vienna Medical Weekly". 168: 1–23. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Edward Reich (1836-1919)". OCLC Worldcat Identities. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  3. ^ Promitzer, Christian (2011). Health, Hygiene, and Eugenics in Southeastern Europe to 1945. CEU Press. p. 70. ISBN 9789639776821. Retrieved 31 March 2019. Eduard Reich, who in 1858, had attempted to establishhygiene as a separate academic discipline
  4. ^ Krementsov, Nikolai (2018). With and Without Galton. Vasilli Florinski and the fate of Eugenics in Russia (PDF). Open Book Publishers. p. 197. ISBN 9781783745128. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  5. ^ Gilman, Sander L.; Gilman, Sander Lawrence (1985). "9. Sexology, psychoanalysis and degeneration". Difference and Pathology: Stereotypes of Sexuality, Race, and Madness. USA: Cornell University Press. p. 202. ISBN 0801417856.
  6. ^ Leck, Ralph M. (2016). Sexual Degeneration and Bourgeois Culture: From Eduard Reich to Max Nordau. University of Illinois Press. doi:10.5406/illinois/9780252040009.001.0001. ISBN 9780252040009.
  7. ^ Flamm, Heinz (4 September 2018). "[Eduard Reich's "Hygiene of Culture"-A retrospective on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of his death]". Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift. 168 (Suppl 1): 1–23. doi:10.1007/s10354-018-0657-8. ISSN 1563-258X. PMID 30182288.
  8. ^ "Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists, Darwin Correspondence Project". University of Cambridge. Retrieved 31 March 2019.

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