Eduard Spranger

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Eduard Spranger
Eduard Spranger 001.jpg
A sketch of Eduard Spranger.
Born (1882-06-27)27 June 1882
Berlin, Germany
Died 17 September 1963(1963-09-17) (aged 81)
Tübingen, Germany
Nationality German
Occupation Philosopher and psychologist

Eduard Spranger (27 June 1882 – 17 September 1963) was a German philosopher and psychologist. A student of Wilhelm Dilthey, Spranger was born in Berlin and died in Tübingen.


Spranger's contribution to personality theory, in his book Types of Men (Lebensformen; Halle (Saale): Niemeyer, 1914; translation by P. J. W. Pigors; New York: G. E. Stechert Company, 1928) were his value attitudes.[1]

  • The Theoretical, whose dominant interest is the discovery of truth
  • The Economic, who is interested in what is useful
  • The Aesthetic, whose highest value is form and harmony
  • The Social, whose highest value is love of people
  • The Political, whose interest is primarily in power
  • The Religious, whose highest value is unity

Those six in more detail are:

Theoretical: A passion to discover, systemize and analyze; a search for knowledge.

Utilitarian: A passion to gain a return on all investments involving time, money and resources.

Aesthetic: A passion to experience impressions of the world and achieve form and harmony in life; self-actualization.

Social: A passion to invest myself, my time, and my resources into helping others achieve their potential.

Individualistic: A passion to achieve position and to use that position to affect and influence others.

Traditional: A passion to seek out and pursue the highest meaning in life, in the divine or the ideal, and achieve a system for living. This instrument is sometimes offered along with the DISC assessment. [2] Retrieved October 4, 2007

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