Eduardo López de Romaña
|Eduardo López de Romaña|
|40th President of Peru|
September 8, 1899 – September 8, 1903
|Preceded by||Nicolás de Piérola|
|Succeeded by||Manuel Candamo|
|Born||19 March 1847
|Died||26 May 1912 (age 65)
|Political party||Civilista Party|
Eduardo López de Romaña y Alvizuri (19 March 1847 – 26 May 1912) served as the 40th President of Peru from 1899 to 1903. A respected member of the Peruvian elite, and the López de Romaña family, he was the first engineer to become President of the Republic, and one of several Presidents from the Civilista Party during the era of the "Aristocratic Republic".
López de Romaña was born in Arequipa but left to study in at the Jesuit Stonyhurst College in Lancashire, England and worked as an engineer. Upon his return to Peru in 1874, he worked in the fledgling agricultural development and engineering circles of the country. He later came into contact with members of the Civilista Party, which he eventually joined. When he took power in 1899, it was with the support of the National Coalition Party, an alliance between the civilist and democratic parties that took place on November 24, 1898. Surprisingly, the support of both parties was initially offered to his brother, Alejandro López de Romaña, but he declined it in favor of Eduardo.
President of the Republic of Peru (1899 – 1903)
During these years, Carlos de Piérola, brother of former president Nicolás de Piérola, was the majority leader of the Chamber of Deputies, while Manuel Candamo, a civilista party leader, presided over the Senate. This division allowed for the prevalence of the democrats in the Chamber of Deputies, and for the civilistas in the Senate. These differences, however, rapidly led to the democrats leading the opposition. López de Romaña reshuffled his cabinet almost exclusively with civilistas, a move which resulted in the majority democrats of the chamber of deputies to continuously censure.
As a result there were various parliamentary discords concerning the non-dismissal of censured ministers. The development in agriculture also continued during López de Romaña's term, as well as that in the mining and other related industries. The code of mining was promulgated in 1901, as well as the Code of Trade and the Code of Waters in 1902. He also created the Nueva Compañia ("New Company") for the collection of the taxes of the state. In 1901, the creation of Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina took place under his sponsorship and that of a Belgian mission. López de Romaña faced various coups in favor of the former president Andrés Avelino Cáceres, but he successfully completed his presidency in 1903. It was under his term that Peruvians coined the term "Aristocratic Republic" which continued until the second government of Augusto B. Leguía and the hegemony of the Civil Party in the government of the country.
Eduardo López de Romaña died in Lima in 1912.
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Nicolás de Piérola
|President of Peru