Eduardo Montealegre Rivas
|Deputy to the National Assembly of Nicaragua|
|Assumed office |
9 January 2012
9 January 2007 – 8 January 2012
|Minister of Finance and Public Credit of Nicaragua|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs of Nicaragua|
|Minister to the presidency of Nicaragua|
|Born||9 May 1955|
Managua, Managua, Nicaragua
|Political party||Independent Liberal Party (PLI)|
|Spouse(s)||Eliza McGregor Raskosky|
Eduardo Montealegre Rivas (born 9 May 1955) is a Nicaraguan politician. He ran for president in the 2006 general election as the candidate of the Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance (ALN-PC) a spin-off of the Constitutional Liberal Party (PLC) in alliance with other liberal parties and the Conservative Party. He finished in second place after Daniel Ortega, receiving 28.3% of the vote.
Montealegre was born in Nicaragua's capital Managua, from a wealthy and prominent family in the banking sector, the direct descendant of Mariano Montealegre y Romero, the founder of the city of Chinandega. He received an Sc. B in Economics from Brown University in 1976 and an MBA with a focus in finance and strategic planning from Harvard University in 1980. He later became a businessman in Nicaragua.
Montealegre served as minister to the presidency in 1998 under Arnoldo Alemán. He also served as foreign minister from 1999 to 2000 in the government of Arnoldo Alemán and as finance minister from 2002 to 2003 in the government of the next President Enrique Bolaños. Subsequently, he served as minister to the presidency of Enrique Bolaños. He announced his split from the PLC in protest of the control of the party by former President Alemán, who was imprisoned for misappropriation of funds. Montealegre objects to an alliance, referred to in the popular media as "El Pacto", between Arnoldo Alemán and Daniel Ortega, who ran as the candidate of the FSLN in 2006 for the fourth consecutive time since his 1985–1990 presidency, this time successfully. Because of Montealegre's stand against corruption, Arnoldo Alemán, and Daniel Ortega's Sandinista National Liberation Front, the U.S. ambassador in Managua openly endorsed his candidacy.
In 2006, a commission of Nicaragua's National Assembly threatened to criminally charge Montealegre, as well as a former head of the central bank and the former superintendent of banks. They allege that they abused their positions to enrich themselves by illegally issuing US$400 million in bonds in favor of banks that acquired several failed banks. Montealegre dismisses the charges, stating that he was no longer employed by the government when the bonds were emitted. In 2008, one of the members of the commission said the conclusions had been politically motivated and some of the facts invented under instructions from former President Arnoldo Alemán (1997–2002). In 2011, the charges have prescribed.
Montealegre was granted a seat in the Nicaraguan congress after the 2006 general elections, since a seat in Congress is guaranteed to the candidate who comes in second in presidential elections.
After losing control of the leadership of the ALN, Montealegre agreed to run for mayor of Managua in the November 2008 municipal elections as candidate of the alliance led by his former party, the PLC still ruled by Arnoldo Aleman. Montealegre lost the election to Alexis Argüello, but alleged that the election was rife with fraud. The municipal elections which were held in November 2008 were highly contested and were held without international observers due to the Sandinista government's reluctance to invite any observers. The supposed fraud of the municipal elections resulted in several days of protest mostly in but not limited to Managua.
National Convention of the Constitutionalist Liberal Party (PLC)) presidential primaries, 28 January 2001.
- Enrique Bolaños Geyer – 220 (54.6%)
- Eduardo Montealegre – 143 (35.5%)
- Iván Escobar Fornos – 38 (9.4%)
- Null – 2 (0.5%)
Presidential election results, 5 November 2006
|José Daniel Ortega Saavedra||Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN)||930,862||38.00%|
|Eduardo Montealegre||Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance (ALN)||693,391||28.30%|
|José Rizo Castellón||Constitutionalist Liberal Party (PLC)||664,225||27.11%|
|Edmundo Jarquín||Sandinista Renovation Movement (MRS)||154,224||06.30%|
|Edén Pastora Gómez||Alternative for Change (AC)||7,200||0.29%|
|Total valid votes||2,449,902||100%|
Elections for Mayor of Managua 2008, 9 November 2008
|Alexis Arguello||Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN)||223,389||51.32%|
|Eduardo Montealegre||Constitutionalist Liberal Party (PLC)||202,752||46.58%|
|Others||3 Political Parties||9,104||02.09%|
|Total valid votes||100%||435,245|
Summary of the 6 November 2011 Nicaraguan National Assembly election results
|Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional)||1,583,199||60.85||63*|
|Independent Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Independiente)||822,023||31.59||27*|
|Constitutionalist Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Constitucionalista)||167,639||6.44||2|
|Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance (Alianza Liberal Nicaragüense )||19,658||0.76||—|
|Alliance for the Republic (Alianza por la República)||9,317||0.36||—|
* The runner-up in the presidential election (Fabio Gadea Mantilla of the PLI) and the outgoing president are special members of the National Assembly; as Ortega was reelected, the outgoing Vice President (Jaime Morales Carazo of the FSLN), who was not Ortega's running mate in this election (having been replaced by Omar Halleslevens, will take up his seat. (AFP)
- "VAMOS CON EDUARDO – Alianza Liberal Nicaragüense". Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 17 September 2006.
- http://www.vamosconeduardo.org/biografia.html[permanent dead link]
- Nicaragua's Leading Loser – washingtonpost.com
- Montealegre se justifica: "Cuando los Cenis, yo no estaba en el Gobierno" Archived 26 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine EFE El Nuevo Diario Agosto 2006 SPANISH