Education Index

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World map indicating Education Index based on the 2009 UN HDR
  0.950 and over
  0.900–0.949
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  under 0.350
  not available

The United Nations publishes a Human Development Index every year, which consists of the Education index, GDP Index and Life Expectancy Index. These three components measure the educational attainment, GDP per capita and life expectancy respectively.

Before 2010, the Education Index was measured by the adult literacy rate (with two-thirds weighting) and the combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrollment ratio (with one-third weighting). The adult literacy rate gives an indication of the ability to read and write, while the GER gives an indication of the level of education from kindergarten to postgraduate education. Since 2010, the Education Index has been measured by combining average adult years of schooling with expected years of schooling for children, each receiving 50% weighting.

Education is a major component of well-being and is used in the measure of economic development and quality of life, which is a key factor determining whether a country is a developed, developing, or underdeveloped country.

Calculation[edit]

  • Education Index: [1]
  • Mean Years of Schooling Index:
Mean years of schooling is a calculation of the average number of years of education received by people ages 25 and older in their lifetime based on education attainment levels of the population converted into years of schooling based on theoretical duration of each level of education attended.[2]
Fifteen is the projected maximum of this indicator for 2025.
  • Expected Years of Schooling Index:
Expected Years of Schooling is a calculation of the number of years a child is expected to attend school, or university, including the years spent on repetition. It is the sum of the age-specific enrollment ratios for primary, secondary, post-secondary non-tertiary and tertiary education and is calculated assuming the prevailing patterns of age-specific enrollment rates were to stay the same throughout the child's life. Expected years of schooling is capped at 18 years.[3]
Eighteen is equivalent to achieving a master's degree in most countries.

2015[edit]

The following 2015 Education Index was released in the Human Development Report 2016.[4]

2015 Education Index[5]
Rank Country Education
Index
Expected years
of schooling
Mean years
of schooling
HDI rank
1  Australia 0.939 20.4 13.2 2
2  Denmark 0.923 19.2 12.7 5
3  New Zealand 0.917 19.2 12.5 13
4  Norway 0.916 17.7 12.7 1
5  Germany 0.914 17.1 13.2 4
6  Ireland 0.910 18.6 12.3 8
7  Iceland 0.906 19.0 12.2 9
8  United States 0.900 16.5 13.2 10
9  Netherlands 0.897 18.1 11.9 7
10  United Kingdom 0.896 16.3 13.3 16
11   Switzerland 0.891 16.0 13.4 2
12  Canada 0.890 16.3 13.1 10
13  Slovenia 0.886 17.3 12.1 25
14  Lithuania 0.882 16.5 12.7 37
15  Czech Republic 0.878 16.8 12.3 28
16  Estonia 0.877 16.5 12.5 30
17  Israel 0.870 16.0 12.8 19
18  Korea Republic 0.867 16.6 12.2 18
19  Sweden 0.855 16.1 12.3 14
20  Poland 0.852 16.4 11.9 36
21  Finland 0.847 17.0 11.2 23
22  Japan 0.842 15.3 12.5 17
23  Belgium 0.841 16.6 11.4 22
24  France 0.839 16.3 11.6 21
25  Latvia 0.835 16.0 11.7 44
26  Belarus 0.834 15.7 12.0 52
26  Hungary 0.834 15.6 12.0 43
28  Greece 0.830 17.2 10.5 29
29  Slovakia 0.823 15.0 12.2 40
30  Hong Kong 0.822 15.7 11.6 12
31  Austria 0.820 15.9 11.3 24
32  Liechtenstein 0.818 14.6 12.4 15
32  Spain 0.818 17.7 9.8 27
34  Russian Federation 0.816 15.0 12.0 49
35  Italy 0.814 16.3 10.9 26
35  Singapore 0.814 15.4 11.6 5
37  Argentina 0.808 17.3 9.8 45
37  Palau 0.808 14.3 12.3 60
39  Kazakhstan 0.805 15.0 11.7 56
40  Ukraine 0.803 15.3 11.3 84
41  Croatia 0.798 15.3 11.2 45
42  Montenegro 0.797 15.1 11.3 48
43  Georgia 0.794 13.9 12.2 70
44  Cyprus 0.786 14.3 11.7 33
45  Chile 0.784 16.3 9.9 38
46  Luxembourg 0.783 13.9 12.0 20
47  Malta 0.781 14.6 11.3 33
48  Cuba 0.779 13.9 11.8 68
49  Bulgaria 0.778 15.0 10.8 56
50  Fiji 0.777 15.3 10.5 91
51  Romania 0.769 14.7 10.8 50
52  Barbados 0.773 15.3 10.5 54
53  Saudi Arabia 0.768 16.1 9.6 38
54  Tonga 0.766 14.3 11.1 101
55  Serbia 0.760 14.4 10.8 66
56  Portugal 0.756 16.6 8.9 41
57  Sri Lanka 0.752 14.0 10.9 73
58  Uzbekistan 0.740 12.2 12.0 105
59  Mongolia 0.737 14.8 9.8 92
60  Armenia 0.730 12.7 11.3 84
61  Grenada 0.725 15.8 8.6 79
61  Mauritius 0.725 15.2 9.1 64
61  Moldova 0.725 11.8 11.9 107
64  Azerbaijan 0.723 12.7 11.2 78
65  Kyrgyzstan 0.721 13.0 10.8 120
66  Andorra 0.718 13.5 10.3 32
67  Bahrain 0.717 14.5 9.4 47
67  Trinidad and Tobago 0.717 12.7 10.9 65
67  Uruguay 0.717 15.5 8.6 54
70  Brunei Darussalam 0.716 14.9 9.0 30
71  Albania 0.715 14.2 9.6 75
71  Bahamas 0.715 12.7 10.9 58
73  Venezuela 0.710 14.3 9.4 71
74  Seychelles 0.706 14.1 9.4 63
75  South Africa 0.705 13.0 10.3 119
76  Belize 0.704 12.8 10.5 103
76  Iran 0.704 14.8 8.8 69
78  Samoa 0.702 12.9 10.3 104
79  Jordan 0.701 13.1 10.1 86
80  Malaysia 0.700 13.1 10.1 59
81  Qatar 0.698 13.4 9.8 33
82  Antigua and Barbuda 0.694 13.9 9.2 62
82  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.694 14.2 9.0 81
84  Panama 0.691 13.0 9.9 60
85  United Arab Emirates 0.687 13.3 9.5 42
86  Costa Rica 0.684 14.2 8.7 66
87  Brazil 0.681 15.2 7.8 79
88  Jamaica 0.678 12.8 9.6 94
89  Saint Lucia 0.677 13.1 9.3 92
90  Macedonia 0.673 12.9 9.4 82
91  Peru 0.672 13.4 9.0 87
92  Turkey 0.668 14.6 7.9 71
93  Ecuador 0.665 14.0 8.3 89
94  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.659 13.7 8.4 74
95  Algeria 0.658 14.4 7.8 83
95  Botswana 0.658 12.6 9.2 108
95  Tajikistan 0.658 11.3 10.4 129
98  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.657 13.3 8.6 99
99  Bolivia 0.656 13.8 8.2 118
99  Lebanon 0.656 13.3 8.6 76
101  Mexico 0.655 13.3 8.6 77
101  Palestine 0.655 12.8 8.9 114
103  Oman 0.652 13.7 8.1 52
104  Micronesia 0.649 11.7 9.7 127
105  Tunisia 0.643 14.6 7.1 97
106  Thailand 0.641 13.6 7.9 87
107  Philippines 0.637 11.7 9.3 116
108  China 0.631 13.5 7.6 90
109  Colombia 0.630 13.6 7.6 95
109  Suriname 0.630 12.7 8.3 97
111  Turkmenistan 0.629 10.8 9.9 111
112  India 0.624 11.7 6.3 131
113  Dominican Republic 0.622 13.2 7.7 99
113  Indonesia 0.622 12.9 7.9 113
115  Dominica 0.618 12.8 7.9 96
115  Gabon 0.618 12.6 8.1 109
117  Viet Nam 0.617 12.6 8.0 115
118  Libya 0.616 13.4 7.3 102
119  Paraguay 0.613 12.3 8.1 110
120  Kuwait 0.611 13.3 7.3 51
121  Egypt 0.601 13.1 7.1 111
121  Kiribati 0.590 11.9 7.8 137
123  El Salvador 0.584 13.2 6.5 117
124  Zambia 0.577 12.5 6.9 139
125  Guyana 0.568 10.3 8.4 127
126  Maldives 0.561 12.7 6.2 105
127  Ghana 0.551 11.5 6.9 139
128  Pakistan 0.550 12.1 10.1 147
129  Namibia 0.546 11.7 6.7 125
130  Swaziland 0.545 11.4 6.8 148
131  Zimbabwe 0.544 10.3 7.7 154
132  Nicaragua 0.542 11.7 6.5 124
133  Cabo Verde 0.534 13.5 4.8 122
134  Vanuatu 0.526 10.8 6.8 134
135  Congo 0.520 11.1 6.3 135
136  Honduras 0.518 11.2 6.2 130
136  Kenya 0.518 11.1 6.3 146
138  Sao Tome and Principe 0.509 12.0 5.3 142
139  Guatemala 0.508 10.7 6.3 125
140  Lesotho 0.503 10.7 6.1 160
140  Morocco 0.503 12.1 5.0 123
142  Iraq 0.500 10.1 6.6 121
143  Timor-Leste 0.494 12.5 4.4 133
144  Cameroon 0.493 10.4 6.1 153
145  Madagascar 0.492 10.3 6.1 158
146  Togo 0.489 12.0 4.7 166
147  Angola 0.482 11.4 5.0 150
148  Nigeria 0.477 10.0 6.0 152
149  Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.475 9.8 6.1 176
149    Nepal 0.475 12.2 4.1 144
151  Laos 0.474 10.8 5.2 138
152  Comoros 0.469 11.1 4.8 160
153  Uganda 0.467 10.0 5.7 163
154  Cambodia 0.459 10.9 4.7 143
155  Bangladesh 0.457 10.2 5.2 139
156  Bhutan 0.452 12.5 3.1 132
157  Malawi 0.445 10.8 4.4 170
157  Solomon Islands 0.445 9.6 5.3 156
159  Tanzania 0.441 8.9 5.8 151
160  Equatorial Guinea 0.439 9.2 5.5 135
161  Rwanda 0.426 10.8 3.8 159
162  Haiti 0.425 9.1 5.2 163
163  Liberia 0.423 9.9 4.4 177
164  Papua New Guinea 0.419 9.9 4.3 154
165  Syrian Arab Republic 0.417 9.0 5.1 149
166  Cote d'Ivoire 0.415 8.9 5.0 171
167  Benin 0.414 10.7 3.5 167
168  Myanmar 0.410 9.1 4.7 145
169  Afghanistan 0.398 10.1 3.5 169
170  Burundi 0.395 10.6 3.0 184
171  Mauritania 0.377 8.5 4.3 157
172  Sierra Leone 0.374 9.5 3.3 179
173  Mozambique 0.369 9.1 3.5 181
174  Gambia 0.358 8.9 3.3 173
175  Senegal 0.355 9.5 2.8 162
176  Guinea-Bissau 0.353 9.2 2.9 178
177  Yemen 0.350 9.0 3.0 168
178  Central African Republic 0.338 7.1 4.2 188
179  Guinea 0.330 8.8 2.6 183
180  Ethiopia 0.318 8.4 2.6 174
180  Sudan 0.318 7.2 3.5 165
182  Mali 0.312 8.4 2.3 175
183  Djibouti 0.310 6.3 4.1 172
184  South Sudan 0.297 4.9 4.8 181
185  Chad 0.280 7.3 2.3 186
186  Eritrea 0.267 5.0 3.9 179
187  Burkina Faso 0.262 7.7 1.4 185
188  Niger 0.206 5.4 1.7 187

2007[edit]

Change in value from the last report is given as follows:

  • Increase = increase.
  • Steady = steady.
  • Decrease = decrease.

The latest index was released in the Human Development Report 2009 on October 2009.[6] This statistical update covers the period up to 2007: 1 is the highest possible theoretical score, indicating perfect education attainment.

All countries considered to be developed countries possess a minimum score of 0.8 or above, although the great majority have a score of 0.9 or above. For ranking based on the Human Development Index, see List of countries by Human Development Index.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New method of calculation of Human Development Index (HDI)". India Study Channel. 2011-06-01. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  2. ^ Barro, R. J.; Lee, J.-W. (2010). "A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950–2010". NBER Working Paper No. 15902.
  3. ^ UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2010). Correspondence on education indicators. March. Montreal.)
  4. ^ "Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme.
  5. ^ "Human Development Data (1990-2015)". United Nations Development Programme.
  6. ^ http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/indicators/93.html

External links[edit]