Education Index

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World map indicating Education Index over time (1990–2019)

An Education index is a component of the Human Development Index published every year by the United Nations Development Programme. Alongside the GDP Index and Life Expectancy Index, it helps measure the educational attainment, GDP per capita and life expectancy of countries.

Since 2010, the education index has been measured by combining average adult years of schooling with expected years of schooling for students under the age of 25, each receiving 50% weighting. Before 2010, the education index was measured by the adult literacy rate (with two-thirds weighting) and the combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrollment ratio (with one-third weighting).

Education is a major component of well-being and is used in the measure of economic development and quality of life, which is a key factor determining whether a country is a developed, developing, or underdeveloped country.

Calculation[edit]

A country's education index is calculated with the following formula[1]

, expected years of schooling, is a calculation of the number of years a student is expected to attend school, or university. In most countries, a master's degree represents the highest obtainable level of education, and obtaining one reflects 18 years of education. [2] This means that if every student in a country enrolled in a master's degree that country's EYS index would be 1.0.


, mean years of schooling, is a calculation of the average number of years of education a student over the age of 25 has actually received. It's based on education attainment levels of the population converted into years of schooling based on theoretical duration of each level of education attended.[3] 15 years is the projected maximum of this indicator for 2025 and is thus used as the maximum for the index. This means that a country whose citizens all attained 15 years of education by the age of 25, would have an MYS index of 1.0.


Data[edit]

Worldwide education indexes are provided by the UNDP's Human Development Report derived from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics and other sources.[4]

Country 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
 Afghanistan 0.122 0.133 0.145 0.156 0.168 0.179 0.19 0.202 0.213 0.224 0.235 0.247 0.259 0.271 0.302 0.312 0.324 0.336 0.342 0.352 0.372 0.374 0.39 0.398 0.403 0.405 0.406 0.408 0.413 0.414
 Albania 0.583 0.588 0.557 0.542 0.528 0.55 0.557 0.569 0.579 0.584 0.586 0.588 0.596 0.604 0.605 0.621 0.628 0.64 0.644 0.65 0.671 0.714 0.739 0.749 0.758 0.753 0.745 0.747 0.743 0.746
 Algeria 0.385 0.395 0.405 0.414 0.424 0.431 0.443 0.458 0.473 0.487 0.5 0.513 0.529 0.542 0.557 0.57 0.577 0.588 0.588 0.608 0.626 0.644 0.639 0.639 0.652 0.659 0.66 0.665 0.668 0.672
 Andorra 0.63 0.63 0.636 0.642 0.65 0.631 0.651 0.652 0.667 0.668 0.67 0.671 0.724 0.714 0.725 0.718 0.722 0.713 0.72 0.72
 Angola 0.276 0.288 0.3 0.312 0.324 0.336 0.348 0.362 0.376 0.39 0.404 0.398 0.423 0.435 0.447 0.46 0.472 0.487 0.498 0.5 0.5
 Antigua and Barbuda 0.673 0.675 0.676 0.674 0.672 0.667 0.651 0.656 0.657 0.652 0.654 0.654 0.655 0.656 0.665
 Argentina 0.628 0.632 0.634 0.636 0.639 0.648 0.659 0.67 0.681 0.715 0.736 0.756 0.762 0.761 0.76 0.751 0.795 0.796 0.801 0.81 0.818 0.824 0.822 0.822 0.826 0.832 0.834 0.842 0.842 0.855
 Armenia 0.637 0.64 0.64 0.647 0.64 0.631 0.633 0.646 0.666 0.674 0.671 0.66 0.66 0.662 0.668 0.679 0.696 0.717 0.712 0.729 0.734 0.737 0.736 0.743 0.746 0.75 0.744 0.739 0.74 0.74
 Australia 0.873 0.874 0.874 0.875 0.875 0.894 0.895 0.895 0.895 0.895 0.895 0.896 0.895 0.893 0.892 0.873 0.876 0.879 0.914 0.916 0.919 0.922 0.928 0.906 0.908 0.918 0.919 0.923 0.923 0.924
 Austria 0.675 0.682 0.692 0.699 0.704 0.709 0.711 0.715 0.72 0.727 0.731 0.754 0.721 0.728 0.74 0.749 0.759 0.806 0.809 0.819 0.837 0.838 0.841 0.833 0.854 0.861 0.862 0.865 0.866 0.865
 Azerbaijan 0.618 0.614 0.616 0.625 0.633 0.64 0.647 0.653 0.66 0.666 0.652 0.68 0.662 0.662 0.674 0.659 0.663 0.666 0.668 0.674 0.681 0.708 0.713 0.711 0.711
 Bahamas 0.7 0.702 0.704 0.706 0.708 0.71 0.717 0.717 0.72 0.725 0.731 0.73 0.729 0.728 0.727 0.731 0.735 0.736 0.737 0.74
 Bahrain 0.574 0.586 0.586 0.599 0.609 0.619 0.624 0.628 0.632 0.635 0.643 0.645 0.646 0.646 0.641 0.637 0.64 0.644 0.647 0.651 0.654 0.664 0.664 0.674 0.685 0.755 0.768 0.77 0.765 0.769
 Bangladesh 0.251 0.26 0.268 0.276 0.284 0.292 0.303 0.313 0.324 0.334 0.344 0.355 0.362 0.37 0.378 0.385 0.391 0.395 0.391 0.409 0.432 0.446 0.456 0.457 0.451 0.479 0.496 0.513 0.524 0.529
 Barbados 0.625 0.632 0.639 0.646 0.653 0.66 0.665 0.669 0.66 0.678 0.69 0.69 0.697 0.704 0.711 0.718 0.725 0.732 0.742 0.751 0.742 0.755 0.776 0.777 0.777 0.777 0.777 0.773 0.773 0.782
 Belarus 0.63 0.643 0.648 0.649 0.658 0.668 0.677 0.687 0.696 0.706 0.716 0.745 0.774 0.804 0.826 0.828 0.829 0.833 0.839 0.838 0.837 0.839 0.842 0.843 0.838
 Belgium 0.705 0.708 0.745 0.779 0.79 0.803 0.815 0.82 0.827 0.825 0.833 0.838 0.842 0.846 0.849 0.856 0.869 0.871 0.865 0.87 0.871 0.873 0.874 0.88 0.883 0.89 0.893 0.9 0.9 0.902
 Belize 0.495 0.498 0.505 0.512 0.519 0.526 0.533 0.54 0.548 0.555 0.563 0.57 0.583 0.596 0.608 0.596 0.619 0.626 0.633 0.635 0.663 0.65 0.665 0.665 0.669 0.674 0.696 0.691 0.691 0.695
 Benin 0.201 0.208 0.215 0.222 0.228 0.235 0.241 0.248 0.254 0.262 0.273 0.294 0.31 0.321 0.333 0.344 0.355 0.366 0.377 0.389 0.4 0.411 0.433 0.454 0.46 0.473 0.472 0.472 0.476 0.478
 Bhutan 0.335 0.337 0.35 0.361 0.372 0.388 0.401 0.421 0.443 0.452 0.465 0.478 0.491 0.494 0.496
 Bolivia 0.528 0.537 0.546 0.555 0.565 0.574 0.581 0.574 0.594 0.616 0.63 0.631 0.641 0.644 0.637 0.631 0.635 0.624 0.636 0.639 0.642 0.642 0.644 0.656 0.66 0.666 0.67 0.686 0.69 0.695
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.557 0.565 0.574 0.582 0.59 0.599 0.607 0.615 0.623 0.625 0.608 0.626 0.672 0.683 0.687 0.688 0.709 0.708 0.71 0.711
 Botswana 0.461 0.478 0.486 0.493 0.499 0.519 0.531 0.542 0.559 0.577 0.589 0.597 0.596 0.603 0.608 0.613 0.622 0.625 0.628 0.632 0.636 0.641 0.645 0.649 0.653 0.657 0.659 0.664 0.666 0.676
 Brazil 0.463 0.475 0.487 0.499 0.511 0.523 0.535 0.547 0.559 0.572 0.584 0.597 0.61 0.595 0.593 0.593 0.589 0.588 0.608 0.61 0.619 0.622 0.628 0.668 0.674 0.677 0.684 0.689 0.689 0.694
 Brunei 0.588 0.596 0.604 0.613 0.62 0.626 0.629 0.633 0.632 0.642 0.643 0.642 0.646 0.656 0.667 0.674 0.678 0.677 0.677 0.683 0.683 0.692 0.709 0.711 0.71 0.705 0.707 0.704 0.703 0.702
 Bulgaria 0.632 0.637 0.635 0.635 0.635 0.647 0.663 0.667 0.671 0.676 0.677 0.69 0.691 0.705 0.712 0.715 0.727 0.743 0.747 0.752 0.761 0.765 0.77 0.785 0.793 0.794 0.793 0.785 0.779 0.779
 Burkina Faso 0.139 0.142 0.147 0.151 0.162 0.173 0.181 0.194 0.208 0.22 0.232 0.245 0.253 0.261 0.264 0.277 0.286 0.298 0.3 0.312
 Burundi 0.171 0.176 0.172 0.181 0.181 0.181 0.182 0.182 0.183 0.183 0.187 0.186 0.199 0.214 0.228 0.24 0.28 0.301 0.323 0.359 0.376 0.392 0.399 0.408 0.419 0.424 0.429 0.422 0.412 0.417
 Cape Verde 0.436 0.435 0.451 0.454 0.455 0.463 0.487 0.49 0.503 0.515 0.521 0.532 0.543 0.549 0.567 0.568 0.564 0.565 0.566 0.562
 Cambodia 0.276 0.28 0.284 0.288 0.292 0.297 0.301 0.305 0.31 0.305 0.319 0.337 0.369 0.382 0.392 0.4 0.409 0.424 0.425 0.428 0.444 0.449 0.455 0.46 0.465 0.468 0.472 0.476 0.476 0.484
 Cameroon 0.339 0.342 0.343 0.344 0.344 0.345 0.346 0.347 0.35 0.353 0.364 0.401 0.4 0.404 0.406 0.405 0.4 0.422 0.434 0.448 0.461 0.478 0.501 0.517 0.522 0.536 0.54 0.543 0.546 0.547
 Canada 0.806 0.818 0.824 0.815 0.82 0.822 0.825 0.816 0.805 0.805 0.805 0.814 0.822 0.83 0.839 0.847 0.85 0.833 0.836 0.838 0.842 0.842 0.849 0.864 0.874 0.88 0.884 0.889 0.893 0.894
 Central African Republic 0.214 0.207 0.189 0.196 0.202 0.208 0.215 0.222 0.229 0.236 0.243 0.249 0.256 0.262 0.269 0.276 0.282 0.288 0.294 0.296 0.307 0.317 0.322 0.329 0.334 0.339 0.345 0.352 0.353 0.353
 Chad 0.18 0.188 0.196 0.2 0.203 0.202 0.212 0.222 0.232 0.246 0.249 0.269 0.278 0.286 0.295 0.283 0.278 0.288 0.29 0.288
 Chile 0.626 0.638 0.64 0.613 0.62 0.627 0.633 0.64 0.637 0.653 0.661 0.684 0.685 0.698 0.715 0.722 0.719 0.745 0.76 0.784 0.722 0.744 0.751 0.758 0.783 0.791 0.799 0.804 0.805 0.81
 China 0.405 0.411 0.42 0.427 0.427 0.442 0.45 0.457 0.465 0.473 0.481 0.488 0.5 0.514 0.522 0.535 0.551 0.565 0.577 0.586 0.602 0.61 0.617 0.627 0.633 0.642 0.647 0.647 0.649 0.657
 Colombia 0.433 0.438 0.457 0.466 0.474 0.48 0.498 0.512 0.526 0.529 0.534 0.537 0.54 0.533 0.56 0.565 0.577 0.602 0.614 0.617 0.634 0.638 0.644 0.644 0.664 0.664 0.673 0.678 0.678 0.682
 Comoros 0.328 0.338 0.348 0.362 0.364 0.376 0.388 0.399 0.411 0.422 0.434 0.457 0.465 0.468 0.47 0.471 0.474 0.476 0.479 0.482
 Congo 0.455 0.455 0.457 0.458 0.459 0.46 0.459 0.458 0.456 0.455 0.454 0.452 0.449 0.445 0.453 0.46 0.468 0.476 0.484 0.492 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.511 0.522 0.533 0.539 0.539 0.539 0.543
 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) 0.263 0.266 0.27 0.273 0.277 0.28 0.285 0.29 0.295 0.3 0.305 0.315 0.324 0.333 0.343 0.352 0.362 0.381 0.408 0.419 0.453 0.452 0.453 0.466 0.484 0.478 0.486 0.493 0.494 0.496
 Costa Rica 0.505 0.515 0.526 0.534 0.542 0.55 0.559 0.567 0.576 0.584 0.593 0.597 0.601 0.605 0.609 0.613 0.619 0.628 0.642 0.65 0.65 0.679 0.686 0.694 0.712 0.71 0.714 0.717 0.724 0.726
 Croatia 0.498 0.508 0.519 0.529 0.553 0.558 0.575 0.592 0.616 0.639 0.656 0.677 0.685 0.693 0.702 0.71 0.717 0.733 0.742 0.746 0.753 0.772 0.777 0.785 0.797 0.802 0.802 0.802 0.803 0.805
 Cuba 0.624 0.626 0.627 0.633 0.619 0.621 0.636 0.64 0.647 0.655 0.663 0.67 0.671 0.693 0.721 0.736 0.78 0.815 0.838 0.841 0.824 0.813 0.773 0.76 0.76 0.767 0.768 0.776 0.783 0.79
 Cyprus 0.546 0.553 0.556 0.644 0.648 0.655 0.662 0.668 0.671 0.674 0.676 0.684 0.701 0.718 0.724 0.729 0.74 0.755 0.768 0.781 0.767 0.771 0.777 0.788 0.793 0.792 0.808 0.813 0.827 0.827
 Czech Republic 0.609 0.609 0.612 0.626 0.642 0.657 0.685 0.699 0.697 0.719 0.741 0.762 0.777 0.792 0.794 0.809 0.821 0.83 0.836 0.85 0.858 0.863 0.859 0.882 0.893 0.891 0.889 0.89 0.89 0.89
 Ivory Coast 0.233 0.238 0.243 0.248 0.253 0.259 0.266 0.273 0.273 0.287 0.297 0.305 0.313 0.321 0.329 0.336 0.344 0.352 0.36 0.368 0.376 0.386 0.393 0.399 0.389 0.404 0.417 0.436 0.45 0.453
 Denmark 0.69 0.7 0.708 0.723 0.739 0.751 0.763 0.774 0.784 0.809 0.809 0.842 0.858 0.885 0.889 0.895 0.89 0.884 0.897 0.891 0.895 0.924 0.925 0.926 0.927 0.918 0.917 0.919 0.921 0.92
 Djibouti 0.171 0.173 0.178 0.182 0.186 0.188 0.203 0.211 0.222 0.232 0.245 0.253 0.267 0.278 0.284 0.296 0.3 0.308 0.311 0.314 0.315 0.316 0.316 0.322 0.325
 Dominica 0.595 0.597 0.599 0.602 0.604 0.606 0.608 0.61 0.612 0.613 0.639 0.639 0.637 0.635 0.634 0.632 0.63 0.629 0.63 0.632
 Dominican Republic 0.485 0.493 0.501 0.509 0.517 0.525 0.531 0.537 0.542 0.548 0.554 0.56 0.566 0.573 0.579 0.585 0.59 0.595 0.598 0.601 0.606 0.611 0.616 0.619 0.641 0.652 0.655 0.657 0.66 0.666
 Ecuador 0.551 0.549 0.553 0.557 0.561 0.565 0.567 0.57 0.572 0.575 0.577 0.581 0.586 0.59 0.594 0.598 0.6 0.622 0.629 0.633 0.646 0.651 0.695 0.697 0.695 0.717 0.704 0.707 0.709 0.702
 Egypt 0.389 0.392 0.4 0.408 0.416 0.424 0.433 0.442 0.438 0.461 0.468 0.476 0.484 0.487 0.497 0.507 0.518 0.529 0.54 0.54 0.551 0.556 0.571 0.583 0.586 0.597 0.604 0.605 0.609 0.618
 El Salvador 0.382 0.384 0.396 0.408 0.42 0.432 0.447 0.463 0.478 0.479 0.493 0.502 0.514 0.528 0.539 0.551 0.561 0.555 0.557 0.56 0.586 0.57 0.577 0.576 0.568 0.562 0.566 0.562 0.553 0.555
 Equatorial Guinea 0.402 0.407 0.411 0.416 0.421 0.429 0.431 0.433 0.434 0.436 0.438 0.438 0.439 0.439 0.439 0.44 0.44 0.441 0.441 0.467
 Eritrea 0.272 0.272 0.271 0.27 0.282 0.279 0.269 0.271 0.272 0.29 0.279 0.279 0.269 0.269 0.269
 Estonia 0.675 0.676 0.683 0.678 0.69 0.707 0.726 0.747 0.768 0.783 0.808 0.822 0.83 0.835 0.841 0.85 0.852 0.856 0.858 0.863 0.872 0.876 0.877 0.875 0.87 0.878 0.882 0.881 0.882 0.882
 Eswatini 0.407 0.412 0.41 0.409 0.41 0.408 0.406 0.401 0.397 0.395 0.388 0.38 0.373 0.376 0.403 0.426 0.459 0.47 0.481 0.491 0.501 0.508 0.515 0.522 0.532 0.537 0.541 0.545 0.553 0.557
 Ethiopia 0.169 0.187 0.2 0.208 0.221 0.247 0.264 0.279 0.298 0.3 0.305 0.312 0.314 0.32 0.323 0.327 0.327 0.332 0.335 0.341
 Fiji 0.616 0.635 0.647 0.658 0.67 0.682 0.683 0.684 0.685 0.686 0.686 0.686 0.685 0.684 0.695 0.697 0.704 0.714 0.715 0.723 0.724 0.731 0.738 0.743 0.753 0.762 0.758 0.762 0.764 0.764
 Finland 0.666 0.68 0.703 0.714 0.731 0.741 0.752 0.762 0.775 0.787 0.803 0.814 0.817 0.82 0.89 0.895 0.896 0.897 0.897 0.892 0.897 0.901 0.904 0.925 0.921 0.923 0.924 0.926 0.927 0.927
 France 0.631 0.653 0.669 0.682 0.715 0.728 0.737 0.742 0.747 0.755 0.743 0.744 0.742 0.748 0.75 0.769 0.774 0.775 0.776 0.778 0.783 0.787 0.792 0.801 0.811 0.812 0.809 0.811 0.812 0.817
 Gabon 0.473 0.48 0.487 0.494 0.501 0.509 0.516 0.523 0.531 0.538 0.545 0.551 0.557 0.563 0.569 0.575 0.58 0.585 0.589 0.594 0.599 0.604 0.608 0.612 0.618 0.623 0.628 0.633 0.639 0.65
 Gambia 0.183 0.188 0.194 0.199 0.205 0.21 0.219 0.228 0.236 0.245 0.254 0.264 0.274 0.284 0.293 0.303 0.314 0.324 0.333 0.335 0.335 0.337 0.345 0.357 0.362 0.367 0.373 0.381 0.39 0.406
 Georgia 0.717 0.721 0.724 0.731 0.74 0.753 0.752 0.77 0.761 0.775 0.777 0.779 0.79 0.804 0.816 0.831 0.835 0.845 0.851 0.862
 Germany 0.692 0.705 0.715 0.74 0.75 0.759 0.767 0.775 0.794 0.81 0.825 0.84 0.856 0.871 0.894 0.893 0.911 0.915 0.919 0.923 0.925 0.93 0.933 0.931 0.933 0.934 0.937 0.94 0.943 0.943
 Ghana 0.375 0.381 0.386 0.391 0.397 0.402 0.405 0.409 0.411 0.416 0.427 0.419 0.427 0.423 0.437 0.454 0.469 0.492 0.511 0.516 0.526 0.533 0.53 0.538 0.545 0.538 0.556 0.555 0.558 0.563
 Greece 0.607 0.624 0.623 0.619 0.626 0.627 0.632 0.639 0.659 0.659 0.672 0.69 0.714 0.724 0.742 0.768 0.775 0.764 0.785 0.794 0.793 0.795 0.805 0.812 0.831 0.833 0.824 0.833 0.833 0.849
 Grenada 0.654 0.662 0.67 0.678 0.687 0.695 0.703 0.711 0.719 0.726 0.733 0.74 0.747 0.754 0.758 0.75 0.755 0.77
 Guatemala 0.284 0.289 0.294 0.3 0.304 0.311 0.32 0.33 0.339 0.349 0.358 0.368 0.379 0.382 0.386 0.39 0.403 0.416 0.423 0.43 0.437 0.443 0.45 0.453 0.51 0.512 0.511 0.511 0.511 0.519
 Guinea 0.121 0.125 0.129 0.132 0.137 0.142 0.147 0.158 0.169 0.18 0.191 0.203 0.214 0.194 0.236 0.251 0.265 0.272 0.281 0.28 0.288 0.309 0.322 0.333 0.34 0.343 0.347 0.348 0.35 0.354
 Guinea-Bissau 0.311 0.325 0.334 0.345 0.354 0.361 0.371 0.377 0.384 0.394 0.398 0.4 0.402 0.402 0.414
 Guyana 0.507 0.512 0.517 0.523 0.528 0.533 0.539 0.545 0.55 0.556 0.561 0.565 0.568 0.554 0.561 0.57 0.565 0.561 0.565 0.565 0.575 0.591 0.591 0.593 0.597 0.598 0.6 0.601 0.602 0.601
 Haiti 0.288 0.294 0.299 0.305 0.31 0.316 0.322 0.328 0.333 0.339 0.345 0.351 0.356 0.362 0.368 0.373 0.378 0.384 0.389 0.394 0.399 0.407 0.411 0.417 0.424 0.43 0.437 0.445 0.45 0.456
 Honduras 0.355 0.357 0.362 0.367 0.374 0.381 0.389 0.396 0.403 0.411 0.418 0.426 0.434 0.442 0.449 0.457 0.465 0.474 0.461 0.469 0.477 0.48 0.474 0.474 0.479 0.479 0.492 0.496 0.499 0.499
 Hong Kong 0.64 0.645 0.65 0.655 0.66 0.665 0.669 0.673 0.677 0.682 0.686 0.701 0.716 0.731 0.747 0.762 0.781 0.783 0.798 0.807 0.808 0.807 0.824 0.828 0.844 0.85 0.859 0.863 0.871 0.88
 Hungary 0.598 0.609 0.623 0.653 0.683 0.701 0.71 0.706 0.715 0.727 0.736 0.749 0.758 0.773 0.77 0.778 0.795 0.801 0.808 0.826 0.83 0.813 0.818 0.834 0.821 0.823 0.818 0.816 0.819 0.821
 Iceland 0.678 0.71 0.722 0.721 0.731 0.738 0.742 0.758 0.774 0.778 0.789 0.796 0.813 0.827 0.828 0.835 0.838 0.842 0.846 0.849 0.853 0.868 0.883 0.898 0.906 0.906 0.912 0.912 0.918 0.926
 India 0.311 0.317 0.324 0.331 0.338 0.344 0.351 0.358 0.365 0.372 0.379 0.382 0.39 0.409 0.419 0.429 0.441 0.452 0.464 0.466 0.478 0.491 0.505 0.514 0.53 0.54 0.544 0.558 0.553 0.555
 Indonesia 0.389 0.391 0.394 0.398 0.409 0.42 0.441 0.467 0.485 0.504 0.518 0.524 0.533 0.543 0.551 0.552 0.567 0.559 0.559 0.579 0.586 0.598 0.607 0.614 0.615 0.622 0.634 0.637 0.642 0.65
 Iran 0.397 0.414 0.432 0.449 0.466 0.483 0.493 0.504 0.514 0.524 0.53 0.544 0.546 0.55 0.546 0.552 0.633 0.631 0.64 0.651 0.662 0.684 0.731 0.738 0.738 0.739 0.747 0.749 0.75 0.756
 Iraq 0.373 0.377 0.38 0.384 0.387 0.39 0.393 0.396 0.398 0.401 0.411 0.426 0.441 0.456 0.471 0.478 0.483 0.488 0.493 0.498 0.503 0.511 0.506 0.501 0.501 0.506 0.51 0.542 0.554 0.557
 Ireland 0.66 0.665 0.675 0.693 0.703 0.71 0.714 0.723 0.798 0.809 0.818 0.827 0.84 0.851 0.864 0.87 0.866 0.87 0.88 0.877 0.857 0.862 0.877 0.893 0.91 0.91 0.918 0.918 0.918 0.922
 Israel 0.714 0.729 0.74 0.75 0.757 0.763 0.769 0.786 0.803 0.82 0.82 0.827 0.849 0.848 0.846 0.847 0.838 0.855 0.851 0.855 0.86 0.871 0.875 0.874 0.879 0.88 0.881 0.879 0.881 0.883
 Italy 0.599 0.609 0.62 0.631 0.647 0.656 0.665 0.678 0.686 0.694 0.7 0.712 0.722 0.733 0.741 0.748 0.757 0.765 0.771 0.774 0.778 0.787 0.787 0.785 0.786 0.784 0.785 0.785 0.791 0.793
 Jamaica 0.509 0.513 0.519 0.524 0.529 0.534 0.54 0.545 0.55 0.555 0.548 0.576 0.586 0.569 0.611 0.618 0.625 0.645 0.697 0.694 0.691 0.689 0.685 0.681 0.681 0.687 0.687 0.692 0.691 0.689
 Japan 0.691 0.697 0.702 0.715 0.728 0.735 0.74 0.745 0.741 0.747 0.754 0.759 0.764 0.768 0.774 0.779 0.785 0.788 0.792 0.796 0.802 0.813 0.823 0.83 0.838 0.839 0.846 0.848 0.85 0.851
 Jordan 0.496 0.527 0.561 0.588 0.613 0.644 0.65 0.655 0.66 0.666 0.671 0.679 0.666 0.675 0.681 0.705 0.704 0.704 0.704 0.697 0.685 0.68 0.685 0.669 0.672 0.674 0.672 0.662 0.664 0.667
 Kazakhstan 0.613 0.619 0.627 0.63 0.633 0.642 0.651 0.66 0.669 0.678 0.692 0.711 0.73 0.75 0.769 0.789 0.795 0.793 0.79 0.786 0.781 0.791 0.801 0.802 0.806 0.806 0.809 0.817 0.822 0.83
 Kenya 0.376 0.379 0.383 0.386 0.39 0.393 0.396 0.399 0.402 0.405 0.407 0.414 0.412 0.434 0.451 0.455 0.476 0.475 0.484 0.494 0.501 0.508 0.515 0.522 0.528 0.534 0.535 0.536 0.536 0.534
 Kiribati 0.516 0.556 0.556 0.581 0.578 0.581 0.575 0.575 0.585 0.588 0.593 0.593 0.594 0.594 0.595 0.583 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.594
 Korea (Republic of) 0.676 0.686 0.694 0.707 0.723 0.737 0.751 0.772 0.768 0.778 0.787 0.794 0.8 0.81 0.821 0.831 0.838 0.847 0.851 0.837 0.856 0.862 0.865 0.866 0.865 0.866 0.867 0.865 0.865 0.865
 Kuwait 0.476 0.429 0.382 0.417 0.464 0.515 0.566 0.572 0.583 0.595 0.595 0.592 0.598 0.603 0.598 0.583 0.594 0.592 0.595 0.596 0.599 0.601 0.608 0.601 0.612 0.623 0.629 0.635 0.638 0.638
 Kyrgyzstan 0.619 0.616 0.615 0.609 0.6 0.597 0.603 0.612 0.626 0.646 0.657 0.669 0.674 0.683 0.683 0.687 0.693 0.694 0.69 0.693 0.697 0.697 0.71 0.71 0.719 0.724 0.723 0.724 0.723 0.73
 Laos 0.288 0.294 0.299 0.304 0.315 0.309 0.328 0.336 0.345 0.35 0.352 0.354 0.364 0.375 0.382 0.39 0.395 0.402 0.41 0.42 0.429 0.447 0.459 0.462 0.468 0.479 0.485 0.483 0.479 0.481
 Latvia 0.604 0.61 0.613 0.609 0.609 0.619 0.631 0.645 0.666 0.688 0.707 0.742 0.769 0.795 0.822 0.841 0.845 0.85 0.857 0.852 0.85 0.848 0.843 0.851 0.861 0.864 0.871 0.876 0.883 0.883
 Lebanon 0.619 0.61 0.623 0.627 0.633 0.631 0.637 0.619 0.616 0.598 0.593 0.588 0.604 0.604 0.604
 Lesotho 0.415 0.418 0.419 0.413 0.424 0.43 0.429 0.429 0.429 0.428 0.45 0.456 0.46 0.469 0.471 0.473 0.475 0.482 0.48 0.498 0.492 0.498 0.505 0.51 0.515 0.516 0.521 0.525 0.528 0.532
 Liberia 0.354 0.408 0.407 0.406 0.406 0.405 0.404 0.403 0.403 0.402 0.401 0.4 0.428 0.414 0.42 0.421 0.415 0.417 0.422 0.422 0.426
 Libya 0.516 0.527 0.537 0.548 0.558 0.568 0.579 0.589 0.6 0.61 0.621 0.631 0.642 0.646 0.644 0.642 0.64 0.639 0.637 0.635 0.634 0.625 0.616 0.613 0.609 0.606 0.602 0.607 0.607 0.61
 Liechtenstein 0.716 0.728 0.739 0.751 0.763 0.767 0.775 0.782 0.796 0.795 0.807 0.819 0.827 0.824 0.818 0.818 0.827 0.827 0.832 0.832
 Lithuania 0.655 0.658 0.651 0.647 0.65 0.661 0.679 0.699 0.718 0.74 0.758 0.78 0.799 0.82 0.829 0.849 0.862 0.867 0.873 0.852 0.854 0.86 0.855 0.857 0.878 0.883 0.887 0.89 0.89 0.898
 Luxembourg 0.602 0.61 0.618 0.625 0.633 0.639 0.657 0.668 0.684 0.712 0.717 0.725 0.734 0.739 0.746 0.752 0.759 0.766 0.767 0.774 0.78 0.78 0.779 0.778 0.783 0.788 0.798 0.802 0.802 0.806
 Madagascar 0.399 0.404 0.412 0.42 0.428 0.438 0.443 0.453 0.465 0.481 0.484 0.484 0.489 0.492 0.494 0.498 0.494 0.494 0.489 0.486
 Malawi 0.231 0.239 0.271 0.28 0.29 0.385 0.381 0.387 0.392 0.395 0.378 0.388 0.388 0.387 0.375 0.373 0.381 0.383 0.406 0.421 0.428 0.433 0.436 0.45 0.456 0.457 0.455 0.455 0.463 0.47
 Malaysia 0.488 0.499 0.511 0.518 0.527 0.536 0.555 0.574 0.594 0.603 0.619 0.613 0.611 0.62 0.621 0.608 0.615 0.64 0.664 0.676 0.687 0.694 0.696 0.701 0.708 0.713 0.718 0.724 0.719 0.726
 Maldives 0.354 0.368 0.384 0.401 0.419 0.43 0.438 0.435 0.451 0.451 0.451 0.458 0.461 0.47 0.477 0.494 0.513 0.525 0.532 0.546 0.559 0.563 0.564 0.564 0.573
 Mali 0.081 0.085 0.091 0.098 0.106 0.114 0.123 0.136 0.146 0.159 0.168 0.179 0.191 0.203 0.214 0.226 0.237 0.222 0.26 0.27 0.277 0.283 0.284 0.279 0.285 0.274 0.278 0.282 0.286 0.286
 Malta 0.605 0.61 0.614 0.618 0.62 0.622 0.625 0.631 0.646 0.647 0.648 0.657 0.662 0.678 0.7 0.737 0.729 0.734 0.733 0.744 0.769 0.763 0.777 0.789 0.798 0.802 0.813 0.816 0.824 0.825
 Marshall Islands 0.707 0.707 0.707
 Mauritania 0.178 0.184 0.195 0.212 0.234 0.24 0.249 0.253 0.266 0.274 0.279 0.282 0.286 0.291 0.307 0.311 0.319 0.318 0.317 0.333 0.338 0.344 0.359 0.371 0.381 0.385 0.397 0.389 0.392 0.396
 Mauritius 0.481 0.489 0.497 0.504 0.512 0.52 0.524 0.527 0.535 0.542 0.546 0.561 0.569 0.583 0.595 0.614 0.623 0.632 0.642 0.655 0.664 0.681 0.699 0.707 0.729 0.721 0.728 0.73 0.733 0.736
 Mexico 0.48 0.481 0.487 0.491 0.5 0.512 0.516 0.521 0.526 0.532 0.544 0.553 0.566 0.572 0.589 0.604 0.62 0.621 0.627 0.637 0.634 0.649 0.658 0.652 0.661 0.672 0.677 0.681 0.694 0.703
 Micronesia 0.441 0.453 0.465 0.478 0.49 0.503 0.515 0.527 0.54 0.541 0.55 0.554 0.556 0.558 0.561 0.56 0.567 0.574 0.578 0.581
 Moldova 0.598 0.597 0.596 0.595 0.594 0.593 0.586 0.59 0.603 0.615 0.617 0.623 0.638 0.652 0.666 0.676 0.69 0.7 0.698 0.697 0.696 0.699 0.709 0.716 0.713 0.709 0.707 0.708 0.708 0.711
 Mongolia 0.539 0.527 0.504 0.474 0.473 0.474 0.486 0.495 0.508 0.518 0.534 0.557 0.57 0.593 0.612 0.639 0.652 0.668 0.685 0.701 0.721 0.734 0.738 0.742 0.746 0.752 0.731 0.733 0.734 0.736
 Montenegro 0.693 0.705 0.718 0.734 0.751 0.767 0.78 0.787 0.788 0.789 0.79 0.791 0.792 0.794 0.796 0.801 0.803
 Morocco 0.254 0.257 0.264 0.274 0.285 0.295 0.303 0.311 0.317 0.332 0.349 0.362 0.378 0.391 0.401 0.409 0.412 0.422 0.429 0.437 0.449 0.463 0.48 0.495 0.511 0.518 0.538 0.547 0.559 0.569
 Mozambique 0.131 0.133 0.134 0.139 0.147 0.159 0.177 0.191 0.206 0.22 0.236 0.253 0.268 0.282 0.298 0.318 0.328 0.347 0.36 0.366 0.373 0.344 0.345 0.364 0.367 0.373 0.381 0.385 0.389 0.395
 Myanmar 0.251 0.268 0.286 0.291 0.296 0.296 0.301 0.305 0.31 0.315 0.319 0.324 0.329 0.334 0.339 0.344 0.35 0.359 0.37 0.381 0.392 0.407 0.417 0.427 0.431 0.436 0.44 0.452 0.458 0.464
 Namibia 0.495 0.496 0.508 0.52 0.532 0.528 0.523 0.517 0.514 0.506 0.51 0.521 0.517 0.52 0.518 0.516 0.513 0.519 0.521 0.528 0.538 0.549 0.557 0.562 0.565 0.569 0.571 0.581 0.582 0.584
 Nepal 0.276 0.283 0.291 0.293 0.295 0.299 0.31 0.315 0.32 0.325 0.328 0.32 0.339 0.344 0.35 0.357 0.373 0.379 0.393 0.414 0.442 0.454 0.478 0.492 0.499 0.509 0.513 0.507 0.516 0.521
 Netherlands 0.746 0.756 0.756 0.764 0.829 0.815 0.822 0.814 0.815 0.813 0.821 0.829 0.824 0.832 0.835 0.844 0.851 0.862 0.866 0.865 0.871 0.896 0.897 0.9 0.903 0.906 0.908 0.909 0.912 0.914
 New Zealand 0.787 0.797 0.807 0.829 0.846 0.854 0.858 0.867 0.869 0.864 0.869 0.872 0.887 0.888 0.888 0.888 0.89 0.892 0.894 0.897 0.899 0.901 0.903 0.905 0.907 0.914 0.919 0.923 0.923 0.926
 Nicaragua 0.349 0.366 0.375 0.383 0.39 0.398 0.41 0.422 0.433 0.445 0.457 0.468 0.479 0.482 0.485 0.488 0.491 0.498 0.506 0.513 0.52 0.524 0.529 0.536 0.553 0.555 0.562 0.566 0.566 0.573
 Niger 0.082 0.084 0.086 0.09 0.093 0.097 0.101 0.105 0.109 0.112 0.116 0.12 0.124 0.126 0.137 0.144 0.149 0.154 0.162 0.17 0.18 0.189 0.2 0.209 0.217 0.226 0.233 0.245 0.247 0.249
 Nigeria 0.411 0.424 0.426 0.428 0.431 0.435 0.438 0.407 0.424 0.437 0.475 0.475 0.474 0.474 0.484 0.488 0.499
 North Macedonia 0.544 0.557 0.569 0.581 0.593 0.608 0.616 0.624 0.653 0.657 0.662 0.667 0.67 0.673 0.676 0.689 0.695 0.697 0.702 0.704
 Norway 0.772 0.782 0.792 0.808 0.839 0.825 0.832 0.84 0.867 0.876 0.888 0.878 0.88 0.892 0.912 0.901 0.906 0.907 0.905 0.905 0.912 0.914 0.907 0.915 0.907 0.912 0.918 0.926 0.928 0.93
 Oman 0.475 0.492 0.51 0.531 0.543 0.553 0.562 0.577 0.614 0.627 0.635 0.647 0.664 0.681 0.694 0.717 0.718 0.731 0.718 0.718
 Pakistan 0.205 0.21 0.215 0.221 0.226 0.232 0.237 0.243 0.248 0.254 0.259 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.31 0.317 0.32 0.332 0.339 0.345 0.349 0.351 0.356 0.365 0.372 0.38 0.392 0.392 0.402
 Palau 0.761 0.762 0.763 0.765 0.766 0.767 0.773 0.779 0.784 0.79 0.795 0.801 0.803 0.882 0.884 0.845 0.849 0.853 0.848 0.855
 Palestine 0.607 0.611 0.62 0.639 0.643 0.651 0.656 0.662 0.671 0.66 0.663 0.668 0.67 0.675 0.676 0.678
 Panama 0.538 0.543 0.552 0.562 0.565 0.577 0.586 0.596 0.607 0.617 0.627 0.637 0.645 0.651 0.655 0.658 0.661 0.665 0.663 0.665 0.665 0.662 0.668 0.674 0.681 0.681 0.692 0.697 0.697 0.7
 Papua New Guinea 0.207 0.214 0.221 0.228 0.225 0.241 0.25 0.259 0.268 0.273 0.284 0.296 0.306 0.316 0.33 0.34 0.353 0.367 0.375 0.389 0.405 0.419 0.391 0.425 0.42 0.429 0.429 0.43 0.432 0.439
 Paraguay 0.431 0.442 0.451 0.463 0.471 0.48 0.488 0.499 0.509 0.52 0.524 0.546 0.568 0.57 0.579 0.581 0.569 0.568 0.582 0.576 0.599 0.604 0.605 0.624 0.624 0.635 0.631 0.634 0.635 0.638
 Peru 0.551 0.556 0.555 0.558 0.568 0.581 0.586 0.59 0.613 0.636 0.636 0.655 0.646 0.636 0.647 0.653 0.635 0.642 0.653 0.656 0.652 0.678 0.689 0.697 0.719 0.709 0.718 0.721 0.728 0.74
 Philippines 0.519 0.523 0.527 0.53 0.533 0.536 0.549 0.552 0.556 0.565 0.572 0.573 0.584 0.589 0.611 0.611 0.61 0.619 0.624 0.615 0.622 0.633 0.644 0.655 0.661 0.665 0.663 0.665 0.667 0.678
 Poland 0.665 0.671 0.676 0.698 0.71 0.713 0.723 0.741 0.756 0.77 0.777 0.787 0.804 0.811 0.796 0.804 0.808 0.811 0.815 0.822 0.832 0.833 0.817 0.853 0.849 0.855 0.866 0.866 0.866 0.869
 Portugal 0.536 0.55 0.573 0.606 0.621 0.632 0.644 0.652 0.661 0.652 0.661 0.669 0.669 0.681 0.686 0.692 0.683 0.684 0.688 0.702 0.712 0.721 0.73 0.739 0.751 0.767 0.763 0.763 0.763 0.768
 Qatar 0.507 0.503 0.502 0.523 0.545 0.562 0.588 0.596 0.604 0.611 0.613 0.616 0.625 0.642 0.646 0.657 0.648 0.652 0.663 0.657 0.637 0.651 0.682 0.651 0.634 0.642 0.655 0.662 0.653 0.659
 Romania 0.632 0.609 0.6 0.597 0.598 0.606 0.622 0.628 0.634 0.648 0.654 0.657 0.667 0.683 0.703 0.716 0.733 0.756 0.777 0.786 0.783 0.777 0.763 0.767 0.765 0.767 0.772 0.764 0.762 0.765
 Russia 0.663 0.664 0.662 0.658 0.656 0.662 0.674 0.682 0.694 0.705 0.724 0.735 0.746 0.757 0.76 0.762 0.764 0.767 0.77 0.763 0.772 0.783 0.793 0.794 0.801 0.804 0.815 0.823 0.823 0.823
 Rwanda 0.218 0.222 0.226 0.23 0.235 0.239 0.244 0.248 0.243 0.262 0.276 0.282 0.296 0.316 0.337 0.354 0.381 0.395 0.394 0.416 0.437 0.437 0.442 0.451 0.453 0.452 0.446 0.462 0.462 0.458
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.553 0.564 0.575 0.603 0.609 0.622 0.627 0.616 0.657 0.658 0.654 0.658 0.658 0.661 0.673
 Saint Lucia 0.593 0.592 0.592 0.591 0.584 0.594 0.608 0.607 0.628 0.637 0.644 0.653 0.641 0.627 0.64 0.664 0.668 0.681 0.673 0.672
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.606 0.613 0.616 0.626 0.629 0.636 0.639 0.642 0.654 0.652 0.651 0.658 0.652 0.656 0.68 0.682 0.68 0.679 0.68 0.684
 Samoa 0.577 0.582 0.588 0.593 0.598 0.604 0.609 0.61 0.619 0.627 0.627 0.632 0.637 0.642 0.654 0.658 0.662 0.666 0.666 0.677 0.692 0.697 0.694 0.697 0.7 0.698 0.698 0.701 0.701 0.713
 São Tomé and Príncipe 0.323 0.331 0.339 0.347 0.355 0.363 0.371 0.379 0.386 0.394 0.402 0.408 0.413 0.418 0.426 0.433 0.437 0.441 0.436 0.453 0.455 0.466 0.476 0.489 0.5 0.532 0.534 0.557 0.567 0.567
 Saudi Arabia 0.489 0.495 0.502 0.508 0.515 0.522 0.529 0.535 0.542 0.549 0.555 0.563 0.572 0.58 0.594 0.604 0.619 0.634 0.649 0.664 0.691 0.719 0.747 0.77 0.787 0.802 0.803 0.784 0.789 0.789
 Senegal 0.198 0.198 0.199 0.2 0.201 0.202 0.203 0.204 0.206 0.208 0.213 0.235 0.242 0.249 0.257 0.264 0.268 0.278 0.29 0.294 0.301 0.304 0.33 0.342 0.345 0.354 0.355 0.354 0.356 0.345
 Serbia 0.61 0.618 0.626 0.633 0.641 0.648 0.654 0.66 0.666 0.671 0.677 0.684 0.684 0.693 0.7 0.713 0.716 0.716 0.724 0.726 0.722 0.744 0.739 0.74 0.754 0.766 0.775 0.778 0.783 0.783
 Seychelles 0.588 0.576 0.588 0.595 0.592 0.621 0.585 0.64 0.656 0.669 0.684 0.686 0.645 0.694 0.691 0.717 0.717 0.718 0.715 0.726
 Sierra Leone 0.19 0.184 0.194 0.203 0.213 0.223 0.232 0.242 0.251 0.26 0.27 0.279 0.287 0.295 0.303 0.311 0.318 0.326 0.334 0.342 0.349 0.357 0.364 0.372 0.374 0.382 0.387 0.399 0.403 0.406
 Singapore 0.488 0.503 0.519 0.535 0.551 0.566 0.583 0.6 0.616 0.633 0.649 0.657 0.67 0.681 0.688 0.739 0.741 0.736 0.751 0.754 0.788 0.796 0.808 0.813 0.823 0.835 0.842 0.833 0.841 0.844
 Slovakia 0.679 0.686 0.693 0.699 0.706 0.714 0.713 0.708 0.716 0.713 0.712 0.707 0.718 0.729 0.74 0.753 0.765 0.779 0.788 0.795 0.802 0.818 0.824 0.823 0.821 0.823 0.822 0.824 0.824 0.826
 Slovenia 0.696 0.699 0.709 0.708 0.714 0.724 0.732 0.744 0.761 0.788 0.795 0.818 0.831 0.843 0.852 0.854 0.862 0.862 0.868 0.873 0.878 0.878 0.859 0.881 0.876 0.875 0.885 0.893 0.899 0.91
 Solomon Islands 0.35 0.336 0.357 0.377 0.383 0.388 0.394 0.413 0.421 0.426 0.432 0.467 0.471 0.468 0.467 0.466 0.468 0.465 0.469 0.469 0.474
 South Africa 0.532 0.552 0.581 0.603 0.617 0.636 0.639 0.643 0.646 0.649 0.652 0.609 0.644 0.651 0.653 0.655 0.656 0.66 0.681 0.694 0.696 0.674 0.685 0.695 0.705 0.72 0.718 0.718 0.721 0.724
 South Sudan 0.297 0.333 0.325 0.317 0.309 0.309 0.309 0.309 0.309 0.307
 Spain 0.591 0.609 0.627 0.651 0.671 0.687 0.697 0.701 0.704 0.709 0.715 0.716 0.717 0.72 0.726 0.739 0.745 0.752 0.759 0.765 0.781 0.795 0.803 0.804 0.816 0.827 0.832 0.836 0.838 0.831
 Sri Lanka 0.592 0.6 0.608 0.606 0.625 0.633 0.642 0.652 0.661 0.67 0.679 0.689 0.692 0.698 0.704 0.71 0.716 0.721 0.738 0.738 0.739 0.743 0.744 0.747 0.749 0.751 0.735 0.736 0.741 0.746
 Sudan 0.159 0.167 0.175 0.183 0.191 0.198 0.206 0.214 0.222 0.23 0.238 0.244 0.249 0.255 0.268 0.274 0.283 0.282 0.298 0.305 0.306 0.301 0.311 0.323 0.327 0.333 0.336 0.337 0.339 0.345
 Suriname 0.57 0.572 0.576 0.579 0.583 0.593 0.595 0.61 0.634 0.64 0.642 0.658 0.659 0.661 0.661 0.675
 Sweden 0.71 0.715 0.725 0.779 0.794 0.807 0.821 0.845 0.874 0.878 0.881 0.883 0.886 0.894 0.852 0.853 0.854 0.854 0.843 0.845 0.853 0.851 0.854 0.907 0.909 0.912 0.914 0.914 0.914 0.918
 Switzerland 0.695 0.701 0.706 0.716 0.721 0.727 0.741 0.758 0.776 0.789 0.803 0.807 0.805 0.813 0.819 0.823 0.834 0.844 0.855 0.873 0.877 0.88 0.885 0.888 0.877 0.885 0.885 0.888 0.9 0.9
 Syria 0.417 0.419 0.419 0.419 0.419 0.419 0.422 0.424 0.427 0.43 0.433 0.444 0.442 0.464 0.485 0.509 0.522 0.537 0.533 0.54 0.534 0.545 0.567 0.463 0.431 0.413 0.414 0.416 0.416 0.416
 Tajikistan 0.652 0.658 0.663 0.646 0.633 0.639 0.634 0.63 0.625 0.621 0.626 0.627 0.634 0.645 0.646 0.649 0.652 0.649 0.673 0.671 0.671 0.668 0.668 0.667 0.664 0.663 0.668 0.67 0.673 0.682
 Tanzania (United Republic of) 0.273 0.278 0.28 0.284 0.285 0.287 0.286 0.288 0.297 0.306 0.314 0.323 0.332 0.343 0.354 0.37 0.38 0.39 0.4 0.41 0.416 0.415 0.426 0.415 0.418 0.431 0.436 0.431 0.425 0.429
 Thailand 0.387 0.398 0.406 0.416 0.425 0.433 0.446 0.463 0.485 0.501 0.517 0.532 0.544 0.555 0.568 0.585 0.576 0.607 0.611 0.618 0.611 0.626 0.626 0.615 0.629 0.64 0.65 0.665 0.675 0.682
 East Timor 0.364 0.364 0.37 0.384 0.399 0.414 0.428 0.443 0.468 0.476 0.493 0.51 0.508 0.501 0.498 0.497 0.495 0.496 0.496 0.51
 Togo 0.31 0.322 0.31 0.316 0.321 0.348 0.363 0.371 0.379 0.387 0.395 0.405 0.41 0.416 0.421 0.425 0.437 0.423 0.436 0.45 0.464 0.477 0.483 0.489 0.491 0.495 0.5 0.507 0.51 0.517
 Tonga 0.656 0.662 0.668 0.673 0.679 0.685 0.685 0.685 0.684 0.683 0.669 0.676 0.683 0.709 0.678 0.678 0.68 0.697 0.702 0.711 0.723 0.729 0.735 0.738 0.734 0.772 0.769 0.77 0.771 0.775
 Trinidad and Tobago 0.575 0.575 0.577 0.582 0.589 0.597 0.604 0.611 0.594 0.633 0.636 0.647 0.638 0.655 0.665 0.652 0.674 0.692 0.705 0.712 0.712 0.713 0.701 0.7 0.704 0.714 0.721 0.728 0.728 0.728
 Tunisia 0.406 0.413 0.42 0.431 0.448 0.459 0.47 0.477 0.496 0.513 0.526 0.539 0.549 0.557 0.573 0.586 0.594 0.601 0.612 0.614 0.625 0.635 0.633 0.638 0.64 0.645 0.647 0.653 0.659 0.661
 Turkey 0.399 0.404 0.41 0.416 0.421 0.427 0.435 0.442 0.459 0.477 0.493 0.51 0.524 0.53 0.532 0.534 0.541 0.552 0.553 0.569 0.602 0.622 0.643 0.682 0.7 0.704 0.717 0.722 0.727 0.731
 Turkmenistan 0.624 0.625 0.626 0.626 0.627 0.628 0.628 0.628 0.645 0.653
 Uganda 0.25 0.254 0.243 0.256 0.262 0.268 0.3 0.333 0.365 0.398 0.43 0.439 0.458 0.464 0.442 0.445 0.453 0.461 0.473 0.477 0.493 0.487 0.483 0.489 0.495 0.501 0.504 0.507 0.515 0.523
 Ukraine 0.648 0.654 0.654 0.655 0.659 0.672 0.684 0.696 0.708 0.715 0.717 0.741 0.757 0.766 0.767 0.776 0.781 0.784 0.786 0.787 0.788 0.787 0.791 0.791 0.8 0.791 0.792 0.794 0.792 0.799
 United Arab Emirates 0.474 0.493 0.499 0.509 0.528 0.544 0.545 0.545 0.548 0.561 0.573 0.582 0.591 0.6 0.609 0.622 0.631 0.641 0.65 0.659 0.669 0.678 0.687 0.697 0.711 0.735 0.743 0.783 0.802 0.802
 United Kingdom 0.644 0.675 0.707 0.736 0.764 0.793 0.801 0.809 0.816 0.828 0.836 0.84 0.842 0.845 0.861 0.867 0.859 0.861 0.872 0.884 0.896 0.872 0.866 0.912 0.92 0.911 0.911 0.913 0.918 0.928
 United States 0.839 0.843 0.853 0.863 0.866 0.869 0.867 0.867 0.867 0.863 0.845 0.851 0.853 0.857 0.859 0.862 0.865 0.869 0.882 0.887 0.892 0.897 0.898 0.891 0.892 0.893 0.896 0.899 0.899 0.9
 Uruguay 0.597 0.601 0.597 0.601 0.605 0.609 0.615 0.629 0.643 0.648 0.661 0.674 0.685 0.697 0.697 0.688 0.693 0.686 0.688 0.698 0.707 0.717 0.727 0.735 0.741 0.743 0.753 0.759 0.763 0.765
 Uzbekistan 0.601 0.614 0.627 0.634 0.639 0.645 0.649 0.657 0.659 0.667 0.674 0.681 0.692 0.699 0.701 0.705 0.709 0.724 0.726 0.729
 Vanuatu 0.512 0.514 0.516 0.519 0.521 0.523 0.525 0.527 0.529 0.529 0.544 0.54 0.542 0.545 0.561
 Venezuela 0.444 0.457 0.466 0.471 0.475 0.48 0.484 0.487 0.492 0.502 0.503 0.518 0.549 0.556 0.569 0.591 0.611 0.642 0.662 0.667 0.674 0.705 0.708 0.724 0.725 0.724 0.722 0.7 0.7 0.7
 Vietnam 0.348 0.361 0.374 0.387 0.4 0.413 0.427 0.415 0.455 0.464 0.474 0.485 0.496 0.507 0.518 0.528 0.539 0.55 0.561 0.598 0.583 0.602 0.608 0.614 0.613 0.619 0.621 0.626 0.626 0.63
 Yemen 0.219 0.222 0.224 0.227 0.23 0.233 0.237 0.241 0.244 0.249 0.258 0.268 0.278 0.287 0.297 0.303 0.305 0.308 0.311 0.319 0.325 0.343 0.335 0.345 0.343 0.342 0.341 0.341 0.347 0.35
 Zambia 0.365 0.38 0.396 0.411 0.426 0.442 0.447 0.452 0.457 0.463 0.468 0.477 0.486 0.495 0.505 0.514 0.522 0.513 0.522 0.524 0.526 0.526 0.529 0.532 0.532 0.538 0.544 0.549 0.553 0.557
 Zimbabwe 0.423 0.441 0.437 0.443 0.45 0.456 0.463 0.469 0.475 0.481 0.488 0.502 0.493 0.483 0.485 0.488 0.495 0.502 0.509 0.516 0.523 0.526 0.549 0.55 0.557 0.56 0.565 0.568 0.57 0.587

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New method of calculation of Human Development Index (HDI)". India Study Channel. 2011-06-01. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  2. ^ UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2010). Correspondence on education indicators. March. Montreal.)
  3. ^ Barro, R. J.; Lee, J.-W. (2010). "A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950–2010". NBER Working Paper No. 15902.
  4. ^ ""Education index"".

External links[edit]