Education and Sharing Day
|Education and Sharing Day|
Rabbi M. M. Schneerson
|Official name||Education and Sharing Day, U.S.A.|
|Observed by||United States|
|Significance||Celebration of hard work, service and commitment to learning|
|2018 date||Sunset, 26 March –|
nightfall, 27 March
|2019 date||Sunset, 15 April –|
nightfall, 16 April
|2020 date||Sunset, 4 April –|
nightfall, 5 April
|2021 date||Sunset, 23 March –|
nightfall, 24 March
Education and Sharing Day is a day established by the United States Congress in honor of the Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson. It calls for increased focus on education, and recognizes the lifelong efforts of The Rebbe for education. Since 1978, Education & Sharing Day, USA has been proclaimed annually by the President on the Rebbe's birthday on the Jewish calendar (11 Nissan), which is four days before Passover and thus generally can fall between March 21 and April 21 on the Gregorian calendar.
In 1978, the U.S. Congress asked President Carter to designate the Rebbe's birthday as the national Education and Sharing Day to recognize and pay tribute to his efforts for a better education for all American citizens.
The Rebbe was an advocate for children and spoke about the need for each child to be given an education that would offer them the opportunities to succeed. He spoke about the need for education to focus not only on academic achievements but also on character building. The Rebbe's emissaries established a network of several thousand Jewish schools and educational centers in the United States and across the globe.
The Rebbe often argued that the most important part of a child's education is instilling in him or her "[awareness of] a Supreme Being and a Law higher than man’s" or "fear or love of a force greater than man".
To honor these accomplishments, his birth date has since been commemorated as Education & Sharing Day, U.S.A., by Congress and the President. Each year on that day, the President issues a proclamation which calls on American citizens to follow the example set by The Rebbe and focus on education and betterment of society.
The goal of Education and Sharing Day, in the Rebbe's words, is to: "Put greater emphasis on the promotion of fundamental human rights and obligations of justice and morality, which are the basis of any human society, if it is to be truly human and not turn into a jungle." It stresses the need for mindfulness in the general education system. The Rebbe called for local governing bodies and schools to join the call and attention given to this day, and to make a point out of it around the country and around the world, to the point, the Rebbe envisioned, it will become a nationally celebrated day, the same way Mother's Day and Father's day are celebrated.
There has been a recent movement to proclaim local Education and Sharing Days in States and Cities across the United States to correspond to the national occurrence. Education Day 2018 had the distinction of being proclaimed at the state level in all 50 States by the respective Governors or State Legislatures, in addition to the usual national proclamation by the President.
Excerpts of texts of proclamations
President Ronald Reagan wrote in his proclamation of 1982:
One shining example for people of all faiths of what education ought to be is that provided by the Lubavitch movement, headed by Rabbi Menachem Schneerson, a worldwide spiritual leader who will celebrate his 80th birthday on April 4, 1982. The Lubavitcher Rebbe's work stands as a reminder that knowledge is an unworthy goal unless it is accompanied by moral and spiritual wisdom and understanding. He has provided a vivid example of the eternal validity of the Seven Noahide Laws, a moral code for all of us regardless of religious faith. May he go from strength to strength.
In recognition of the Lubavitcher Rebbe's 80th birthday, the Senate and the House of Representatives of the United States in Congress assembled have issued House Joint Resolution 447 to set aside April 4, 1982, as a "National Day of Reflection."
President George H. W. Bush wrote in his proclamation of 1989:
It is fitting that we honor Rabbi Schneerson and acknowledge his important contributions to society. Our great Nation takes just pride in its dedication to the principles of justice, equality, and truth. Americans also understand that we have a responsibility to inspire the same dedication in future generations. We owe a tremendous debt to Rabbi Schneerson and to all those who promote education that embraces moral and ethical values and emphasizes their importance.
In recognition of Rabbi Schneerson's vital efforts, and in celebration of his 87th birthday, the Congress, by House Joint Resolution 173, has designated April 16, 1989, and April 6, 1990, as "Education Day, U.S.A.
President Bill Clinton wrote in his proclamation of 1995:
"Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the Lubavitcher Rebbe, well understood the importance of nurturing the heart along with the mind. Throughout his long and rich life, he believed that the education of our young people would only be successful if it sought to build character as well as intellect, if it taught the lessons of honesty, tolerance, and good citizenship, as well as language, math, and science.
This year, let us rededicate ourselves to teaching the love of learning that was championed by Rabbi Schneerson and is strengthened by caring leaders like him throughout our Nation. As we provide our students with the information and practical tools they need, let us also pass on to them the capacity for understanding that can help to give fuller meaning to their lives."
President George W. Bush wrote in his proclamation on Education and Sharing Day 2007:
"Education and Sharing Day honors The Rebbe and emphasizes our commitment to teach the next generation of Americans the values that make our country strong. The Lubavitcher Rabbi believes that society should 'make a new commitment to kindness,' and he helped to establish education and outreach centers offering social service programs and humanitarian aid around the world."
President Barack Obama wrote in his proclamation on Education & Sharing Day 2009:
"Few have better understood or more successfully promoted these ideas than Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the Lubavitcher Rebbe, who emphasized the importance of education and good character. Through the establishment of educational and social service institutions across the country and the world, Rabbi Schneerson sought to empower young people and inspire individuals of all ages. On this day, we raise his call anew."
President Donald Trump wrote in his proclamation on Education & Sharing Day 2017:
"Education and Sharing Day recognizes the remarkable efforts of Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the Lubavitcher Rebbe, to use values-based education to drive our Nation's children toward the American Dream. As an educator, Rabbi Schneerson understands that education is incomplete if it is devoid of moral development. Working through a spirit of optimism, he strives to teach children to be honest, civil, respectful of differences, and self-disciplined, in addition to being intellectually rigorous."
In his 2006 proclamation, President George W. Bush called upon "government officials, educators, volunteers, and all the people of the United States to reach out to young people and work to create a better, brighter, and more hopeful future for all."
- "Gregorian conversion for 11 Nisan 5779". Hebcal.com by Danny Sadinoff and Michael J. Radwin (CC-BY-3.0). Retrieved August 26, 2018.
- "Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 92 Part 1.djvu/254". Wikisource. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
- "G-d in the classroom". Chabad.org. Correspondence by Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, the Lubavitcher Rebbe.
- "Education is the Cornerstone of Humanity – On the Inauguration of "Education Day USA"". www.chabad.org (Public address of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M Schneerson.). April 18, 1978. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
- "Chabad doesn't recognize the State of Israel, but in former Soviet Union, it teaches Zionism". haaretz.com. September 11, 2006. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
- Kolben, Deborah (February 5, 2013). "Drawn to Chabad Preschools, Stuffed Torahs and All". The Forward. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
- Duchman, Zalmi (November 8, 2015). "How The Rebbe Still Inspires Entrepreneurs". Forbes. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
- Sales, Ben (November 10, 2015). "How the world's longest-running Chabad house survives in Morocco". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
- Lubavitch, Chabad. "Education Lessons from President Reagan's Speech". Chabad Lubavitch World Headquarters. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
- Joseph Telushkin, Rebbe: The Life and Teachings of Menachem M. Schneerson, the Most Influential Rabbi in Modern History. HarperCollins, 2014. pp.30–36.
- Fishkoff, Sue. The Rebbe's Army, Schoken, 2003 (08052 11381). Page 192.
- "Obama declares Lubavitcher rebbe's birthday 'Education and Sharing Day'". Haaretz. March 23, 2013. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- "Education Day 2018: Proclamations From All 50 States". www.chabad.org. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- "The White House – Press Office – Presidential Proclamation Marking Education And Sharing Day". Archived from the original on September 26, 2009.
- Office of the Press Secretary (April 6, 2017). "President Donald J. Trump Proclaims April 7, 2017, as Education and Sharing Day, U.S.A." whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- Michel, Robert H. (March 20, 1991). "Text – H.J.Res.104 – 102nd Congress (1991–1992): To designate March 26, 1991, as "Education Day, U.S.A."". www.congress.gov.
- "Proclamation 7997". Wikisource, the free online library. April 6, 2006. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- Education and Sharing Day 2000 by President William J. Clinton honoring the 98birthdate of Rabbi Schneerson
- Proclamation of Education and Sharing Day 2002 by President George W. Bush also honoring the 100th birthdate of Rabbi Schneerson
- Education and Sharing Day, U.S.A., 2009
- President Reagan's proclamations' in honor of Education Day USA
- About the Rebbe
- Inaugurating "Educational Day USA"
- Rebbe: “Education the cornerstone to humanity”