Education in Karnataka
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The state of Karnataka in India has institutions like the Indian Institute of Science IISc, Indian Institute of Technology, Dharwad IIT, Indian Institute of Management IIM, the National Institute of Technology Karnataka NITK, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Dharwad IIIT, Visvesvaraya Technological University VTU and the National Law School of India University. In addition, a Visvesvaraya Institute of Advanced Technology (VIAT) is being constructed in Muddenahalli.
Primary and secondary education
As of March 2006, Karnataka had 54,529 primary schools with 252,875 teachers and 8.495 million students. Likewise, there are 9,499 secondary schools with 92,287 teachers with 1.384 million students.
There are three kinds of schools in Karnataka: government (run by the government), aided (financial aid is provided by the government), and unaided private (no financial aid is provided). In majority of these schools, the medium of instruction is either English or Kannada. The syllabus taught in the schools is that of CBSE, ICSE, NIOS, or the state syllabus (defined by the Department of Public Instruction of the Government of Karnataka). The curriculum includes subjects like science, social studies and mathematics apart from language-related subjects. To maximize attendance, the Karnataka Government has launched a midday meal scheme in government and aided schools in which free lunch is provided to the students.
At the end of secondary education, the students pursuing the state syllabus have to pass an examination called the Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC) to move on to the next level. The SSLC is administered by the Karnataka Secondary Education Examination Board.
Students who have passed the SSLC have to pursue a two-year pre-university course (PUC) or a three-year diploma course before they are granted admission to a degree (baccalaureate) college. In the pre-university course, the student has to choose one among the three streams of Arts, Commerce, and Science depending on the kind of degree the student wants to pursue later. The Arts stream includes subjects like History, Sociology and Political Science; the Commerce stream includes subjects like Accountancy, Economics and Business Mathematics; and the Science stream includes subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, Electronics and computer science.
International schools and certification boards
Bengaluru is a city that caters to the needs of prospective parents seeking international education for their children. Bengaluru has evolved into a global education hub due to its cosmopolitan residents. Most of the international schools follow IB (international baccalaureate, Geneva) or Cambridge (Cambridge International Examinations, Britain) curricula. (The ICSE and CBSE are the curricula followed by most of the Indian schools in Karnataka.)
These international schools focus more on holistic education and inquiry-based learning for their students than just focusing on rote learning.
There are 481 degree colleges that are run under the jurisdiction of the universities in the state — Bangalore University, Kuvempu University, Mysore University, Mangalore University, Gulbarga University, and Karnatak University. Deemed universities such as Christ University, Manipal University also exist. Apart from these, there is the Visvesvaraya Technological University which oversees many of the engineering colleges in the state.
The medical colleges in the state are run under the jurisdiction of the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences. Some of these baccalaureate colleges are accredited with the status of a deemed university which grants them independence in chalking out their own syllabus and awarding degrees on their own. There are 123 engineering, 35 medical, and 40 dental colleges in the state.
The state has two universities offering courses related to agriculture: the universities of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad and University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. The state has set up a Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University at Bidar.
The first engineering college (University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, UVCE) in Karnataka was started by the then Diwan of Mysore Sir M. Visvesvaraya in 1917 in Bengaluru. It was the fifth engineering college to be started in the country. By 1956, Karnataka had two Government and three private engineering colleges in the state.
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