Education in Toronto

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Education in Toronto, like education everywhere, happens in many ways, including via internal motivation, parental guidance, through play and interacting with other children, and from courses and other formal learning.[1] Education in Toronto is distinguished by the diversity of its citizenry[2] and by the diversity of education options.[3]

Toronto is home to four publicly funded K12 school boards, one non-publicly funded religious K12 school board, a variety of K12 private and preparatory schools, plus a diversity of other religious, cultural, vocational, career and specialty schools/institutions.

As a global city, Toronto is also home to a number of post-secondary educational institutions, comprising five degree-granting institutions of university status, plus the principal campuses of four publicly funded Ontario colleges as well as the campus of one other publicly funded Ontario college.

School boards[edit]

The TDSB Education Centre, located at 5050 Yonge Street, is the headquarters of the Toronto District School Board.

English language public school boards[edit]

French language public school boards[edit]

Before 1998, in Metropolitan Toronto, Les Conseil des écoles catholiques du Grand Toronto (the Metropolitan Separate School Board, now the Toronto Catholic District School Board) and the North York Board of Education operated French-language schools. In 1980 the separate school board operated five Catholic schools and North York operated two of them. Maurice Bergevin, the vice principal of the Etienne Brule School, stated that a study from Montreal in 1971 stated that if francophones in Toronto had the same proportion of schools that anglophones had in Montreal, there would be 31 francophone schools in Metropolitan Toronto. According to a 1971 Canadian federal census, Toronto had 160,000 francophones.[4]

Religious non-public school boards[edit]

Religious schools[edit]



  • Al Ashraf Islamic School
  • Al Azhar Islamic School
  • Al-Azhar Academy Of Canada
  • Alashraf Islamic School
  • Salahedin Islamic School
  • Amanah Islamic Academy
  • Islamic Institute of Toronto
  • Madinatul-Uloom Academy Of Canada
  • Madrasatul-Banaat Islamic school
  • Um al-Qura Islamic school
  • Abu-Huraira Islamic school
  • Mariyah Islamic school
  • Islamic foundation Islamic school
  • ISNA Islamic school
  • Islamic community school
  • Iqra Islamic school
  • Tayyibah Islamic academy
  • As-Sadiq Islamic schools
  • Baitul Mukarram Academy[5]


Private and/or independent K-12 schools[edit]

A partial list of well-known private and/or independent elementary, high school and university-preparatory schools includes:

Universities and colleges[edit]

Vari Hall at York University

Toronto is home to a number of educational institutions, including the largest (University of Toronto) and third largest (York University) universities in Canada. Toronto universities total approximately 187,000 undergraduate students.[7]



Toronto has the principal campuses of four post-secondary Ontario college, as well as the campus of one other Ontario college, scattered across the city in 29 campuses:

Recently, Toronto's community colleges have begun offering their own bachelor's degree programmes, as well as joint degree programmes with neighbouring universities.'



Other schools include the:

Toronto, like many other Canadian cities, hosts a growing number of publicly funded and private English as a Second Language (ESL) schools and is home to as many as 10,000 ESL students at a time. These are either visa students primarily from Latin America, Asia and Europe, or newly arrived landed immigrants and Canadian citizens.

Alternative Schools[edit]

There is a strong alternative school movement. The Toronto District School Board has many alternative schools.[9] The oldest is ALPHA Alternative School, which opened in 1972.[10] There are also private alternative organizations.

The first conference for publicly funded alternative schools in the Greater Toronto Area happened in Nov, 2012.[11]

Miscellaneous education[edit]

The Toronto Japanese School is the Japanese weekend supplementary school serving the city's Japanese Canadian and Japanese national population.

Historical list of defunct institutions[edit]

Collège des Grands-Lacs (publicly funded francophone Ontario college, 1995–2002)

Toronto Academy, an early high school located on Front Street between Bay and York Streets[12] and had ties to Knox College, Toronto. Established in 1846 as an alternative to provincial schools, broke ties to the Knox in 1849 and closed after 1852.[13] William Lyon Mackenzie's son, future Chief Justice Thomas Moss as well as first African Canadian doctor Anderson Ruffin Abbott.