Edvard Moser

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Edvard Moser
Edvard Moser 2015.jpg
Edvard Moser in 2015
Born (1962-04-27) 27 April 1962 (age 57)
ResidenceTrondheim, Norway
NationalityNorwegian
Alma materUniversity of Oslo
Known forGrid cells, place cells, border cells, neurons
Spouse(s)May-Britt Moser (1985–2016)
Children2
AwardsLouis-Jeantet Prize for Medicine (2011)
Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences (2014)
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (2014)
Scientific career
FieldsNeuroscience
InstitutionsNorwegian University of Science and Technology
University of Edinburgh

Edvard Ingjald Moser (pronounced [ɛdvɑɖ moːsɛr];[stress and tone?] born 27 April 1962) is a Norwegian professor of psychology and neuroscience at the Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience, at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim.[1] In 2005 he discovered grid cells (E. Moser & M-B. Moser, 2005) in the brain's medial entorhinal cortex. Grid cells are specialized neurons that provide the brain with a coordinate system and a metric for space. In 2018 he discovered a neural network that expresses your sense of time in experiences and memories located in the brain's lateral entorhinal cortex (Moser & Moser, 2018) He shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2014 with long-term collaborator May-Britt Moser and previous mentor John O'Keefe for their work identifying the brain's positioning system. The two main components of the brain's GPS are; grid cells and place cells (O'Keefe, 1971), a specialized type of neuron that respond to specific locations in space.[2][3] Together with May-Britt Moser he established the Moser research environment, which they lead.

Moser was born to German parents who had moved to Norway in the 1950s, and grew up in Ålesund. He received his education as a psychologist at the Department of Psychology, University of Oslo and obtained a PhD in neurophysiology at the Faculty of Medicine at the same university in 1995; in 1996 he was appointed as associate professor in biological psychology at the Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU); he was promoted to professor of neuroscience in 1998. In 2002 his research group was given the status of a separate "centre of excellence". Edvard Moser has led a succession of research groups and centres, collectively known as the Moser research environment. He is an external scientific member of the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, with which he has collaborated over several years.[4]

Background and early life[edit]

Moser was born in Ålesund to German parents Eduard Paul Moser (1928–2013) and Ingeborg Annamarie Herholz (1931–). His parents had grown up in Kronberg im Taunus, a suburb of Frankfurt, where Moser's grandfather Eduard Moser had been Lutheran parish priest. Moser's father trained as a pipe organ builder and emigrated to Norway together with his friend Jakob Pieroth in 1953 when they were offered employment at a pipe organ workshop at Haramsøy. They later established their own workshop and built many church pipe organs in Norway.[5][6] The Moser family originally was from Nassau; Moser is a South German topographic name for someone who lived near a swamp or mire (South German Moos).[7] Edvard Moser grew up at Hareid and in Ålesund.[8][9][10] He was raised in a conservative Christian family.[11]

Edvard Moser married May-Britt Moser in 1985 when they were both students.[12] They announced that they are divorcing in 2016.[13]

Career[edit]

Edvard Moser was awarded the cand.psychol. degree in psychology at the Department of Psychology at the University of Oslo in 1990. He was then employed as a research fellow at the Faculty of Medicine, where he obtained his dr.philos. doctoral research degree in the field of neurophysiology in 1995.[14] He also has studied mathematics and statistics.[15] Early in his career, he worked under the supervision of Per Andersen.

Moser went on to undertake postdoctoral training with Richard G. Morris at the Centre for Neuroscience, University of Edinburgh, from 1995 to 1997,[16] and was a visiting postdoctoral fellow at the laboratory of John O'Keefe at the University College, London for two months.

Moser returned to Norway in 1996 to be appointed associate professor in biological psychology at the Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim. He was promoted to full professor of neuroscience in 1998. Moser is also head of department of the NTNU Institute for Systems Neuroscience.

He is a member of the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters,[17] Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters,[18] and the Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences.[19]

He is also an Honorary Professor at the Centre for Cognitive and Neural Systems at the University of Edinburgh Medical School.[16]

Honours[edit]

Other[edit]

Edvard Moser has been a member of the board of reviewing editors in science since 2004 and he has been reviewing editor for Journal of Neuroscience since 2005. Edvard Moser chaired the programme committee of the European Neuroscience meeting (FENS Forum) in 2006.

Selected publications[edit]

List of publications by Edvard Moser in CRIStin

  • Moser, E.I., Mathiesen, I. & Andersen, P. (1993). Association between brain temperature and dentate field potentials in exploring and swimming rats. Science, 259, 1324-1326.
  • Brun, V.H., Otnæss, M.K., Molden, S., Steffenach, H.-A., Witter, M.P., Moser, M.-B., Moser, E.I. (2002). Place cells and place representation maintained by direct entorhinal-hippocampal circuitry. Science, 296, 2089-2284.
  • Fyhn, M., Molden, S., Witter, M.P., Moser, E.I. and Moser, M.-B. (2004). Spatial representation in the entorhinal cortex.Science, 305, 1258-1264.
  • Leutgeb, S., Leutgeb, J.K., Treves, A., Moser, M.-B. and Moser, E.I. (2004). Distinct ensemble codes in hippocampal areas CA3 and CA1. Science, 305, 1295-1298.
  • Leutgeb, S., Leutgeb, J.K., Barnes, C.A., Moser, E.I., McNaughton, B.L., and Moser, M.-B (2005). Independent codes for spatial and episodic memory in the hippocampus. Science, 309, 619-623.
  • Hafting, T., Fyhn, M., Molden, S., Moser, M.-B., and Moser, E.I. (2005). Microstructure of a spatial map in the entorhinal cortex.Nature, 436, 801-806.
  • Colgin, L.L, and Moser, E.I. (2006). Rewinding the memory record. Nature, 440, 615-617.
  • Sargolini, F., Fyhn, M., Hafting, T., McNaughton, B.L., Witter, M.P., Moser, M.-B., and Moser, E.I. (2006). Conjunctive representation of position, direction and velocity in entorhinal cortex. Science, 312, 754-758.
  • Leutgeb, J.K., Leutgeb, S., Moser, M.-B., and Moser, E.I. (2007). Pattern separation in dentate gyrus and CA3 of the hippocampus. Science, 315, 961-966.
  • Fyhn, M., Hafting, T., Treves, A., Moser, M.-B. and Moser, E.I. (2007). Hippocampal remapping and grid realignment in entorhinal cortex. Nature, 446, 190-194.
  • Hafting, T., Fyhn, M., Bonnevie, T., Moser, M.-B. and Moser, E.I. (2008). Hippocampus-independent phase precession in entorhinal grid cells. Nature 453, 1248-1252.
  • Kjelstrup, K.B., Solstad, T., Brun, V.H., Hafting, T., Leutgeb, S., Witter, M.P., Moser, E.I. and Moser, M.-B. (2008). Finite scales of spatial representation in the hippocampus. Science 321, 140-143.
  • Solstad, T., Boccara, C.N., Kropff, E., Moser, M.-B. and Moser, E.I. (2008). Representation of geometric borders in the entorhinal cortex. Science, 322, 1865-1868.
  • Moser, E.I., Moser, M-B. (2011). Crystals of the brain. EMBO Mol. Med. 3, 1-4.
  • Moser, E.I., Moser, M-B. (2011). Seeing into the future. Nature, 469, 303-4
  • Jezek, K., Henriksen, EJ., Treves, A., Moser, E.I. and Moser, M-B. (2011). Theta-paced flickering between place-cell maps in the hippocampus. Nature, 478, 246-249.
  • Giocomo, LM., Moser, E.I., Moser, M-B. (2011) Grid cells use HCN1 channels for spatial scaling. Cell, 147, 1159-1170.
  • Igarashi, KM., Lu L., Colgin LL., Moser M-B., Moser EI. (2014) Coordination of entorhinal-hippocampal ensemble activity during associative learning. Nature 510, 143-7.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Edvard Ingjald Moser". www.ntnu.no (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  2. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014". www.nobelprize.org. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  3. ^ Fenton, André A. (1 June 2015). "Coordinating with the "Inner GPS"". Hippocampus. 25 (6): 763–769. doi:10.1002/hipo.22451. ISSN 1098-1063. PMID 25800714.
  4. ^ Nobel laureate Moser becomes external member of the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology
  5. ^ "Orgelskatt på fabrikkloft," Sunnmørsposten 21 February 1994 p. 7
  6. ^ "Ratten mit Hütchen", FAZ, 7 October 2014
  7. ^ Jana Kötter, "Ein Hoch auf die Heimat", Taunus-Zeitung, 16 October 2014
  8. ^ Inger Otterlei (9 April 2011). "Nobelprisen neste?". smp.no.
  9. ^ Fridgeir Walderhaug (6 October 2014). "Flagget for May-Britt og Edvard". Dagbladet.no.
  10. ^ Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung GmbH (7 October 2014). "Zu Besuch bei Nobelpreisträgerin May-Britt Moser". FAZ.NET.
  11. ^ Edvard Moser - Biographical
  12. ^ James Gorman (30 April 2013). "A Sense of Where You Are". The New York Times.
  13. ^ Magnus Braaten (25 January 2016). "Nobelpris-paret Moser skilles". VG.
  14. ^ Moser, M-B. (1995). Field potential changes in the dentate gyrus during spatial learning in the rat. Thesis for the degree of Dr. Philos., University of Oslo (defended on 9 December 1995).
  15. ^ FENS Office (23 May 2013). "Moser, Edvard I." FENS.org.
  16. ^ a b "Nobels for research pioneers". University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
  17. ^ "Gruppe IV Generell biologi" (in Norwegian). Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters. Archived from the original on 10 December 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  18. ^ "Gruppe 7: Medisinske fag" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Retrieved 28 October 2009.
  19. ^ "Medlemmer: MOSER, Edvard" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
  20. ^ Mangler informasjonskapsel. "The Anders Jahre Senior Medical Prize". uio.no.
  21. ^ 13th Perl-UNC Neuroscience Prize Recipients Archived 2 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine UNC Neuroscience Center. Retrieved 23 September 2013
  22. ^ "The Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize". columbia.edu. 14 June 2018.
  23. ^ Award Ceremonies Amphilsoc.org. Retrieved 21 March 2014
  24. ^ Svein Inge Meland (30 April 2014) Unik ære til Moserne (in Norwegian) Adressa. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  25. ^ [1]
  26. ^ "Utnevnelser til St. Olavs Orden". www.kongehuset.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 21 February 2018.

External links[edit]

Media related to Edvard Moser at Wikimedia Commons