Edward "Porky" Cragg
|Edward Cragg Jr.|
|Born||September 8, 1919|
Mount Vernon, New York
|Died||December 26, 1943 (aged 24)|
near Cape Gloucester, New Britain
|Service/||United States Army Air Forces|
|Years of service||1940–1943|
|Unit||8th Fighter Group|
|Commands held||80th Fighter Squadron|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Cross|
Distinguished Flying Cross (5)
Purple Heart (2)
Air Medal (7)
Edward Cragg was born at Mount Vernon, New York, on September 8, 1919. He spent his youth in the Greenwich / Cos Cob area of Connecticut, graduating from Greenwich High School in the class of 1936. In September 1937, he enrolled in the School of Commerce, Accounts and Finance at New York University, New York. He was working towards a Bachelor of Science degree in accounting. In September 1940, he withdrew from the university to enlist.
World War II
He enlisted as a flying cadet on November 30, 1940. He received his elementary training at Albany, Georgia, his basic training at Gunter Field, Alabama, from February to April 1941, and his advanced flying training at the Air Corps Advanced Flying School, Craig Field, Selma, Alabama. He was appointed a second lieutenant, Air Reserve, on July 11, 1941, and was ordered to active duty on the following day.
Upon graduation from Advanced Flying School, he remained at the school until July 1941, when he was ordered to the Panama Canal Zone for duty as Assistant Squadron Engineering Officer. He later becoming Engineering Officer of the 28th Pursuit Squadron, 37th Pursuit Group, stationed at Albrook Field in the Panama Canal Zone. While there, he was promoted to first lieutenant on September 5, 1942.
In spring 1942, he was reassigned to what was then designated the 80th Pursuit Squadron, part of the 8th Pursuit Group, Fifth Air Force, in the Southwest Pacific theater. Both the squadron and group were soon redesignated from "Pursuit" to "Fighter". Initially, the squadron flew P-39 Airacobras. Cragg named his "Porky", and soon acquired the nickname of "Porky". He was promoted to captain on December 17, 1942
On April 8, 1943, he became the commander of the 80th. Among his first actions was naming the squadron "The Headhunters" after the local New Guinean headhunter tribes, who hated the Japanese and helped to rescue downed pilots. He also commissioned crew chief Yale Saffro, a former Walt Disney Studios artist, to design the 80th's patch, the likeness of the proud Papuan Chief of New Guinea. Squadron lore credits him with arranging the equipping of the squadron with the new P-38 Lightning aircraft. He named his "Porky II".
During his tenure with the squadron, he compiled an air-to-air combat record of 15 confirmed kills and 2 probable kills. He was promoted to major on July 6, 1943.
He served as commander of the Headhunters until he was reported missing in action over New Britain on December 26, 1943. During that final mission he shot down his final kill. He was succeeded in command of the Headhunters by fellow squadron member and ace Major Jay "Cock" Robbins.
Aerial victory credits
|May 21, 1943||In the vicinity of Salamaua, New Guinea||1 (Oscar)||.|
|July 21, 1943||Near Bogadjim, New Guinea||2 (Oscars)||Awarded 1st OLC to DFC|
|July 23, 1943||Over Bogadjim, New Guinea||2 (Oscar, Tony)||Awarded Silver Star, ace status|
|August 20, 1943||Near Wewak, New Guinea,||2 (Oscar, Tony)||Awarded 2nd OLC to DFC|
|August 21, 1943||Near Wewak, New Guinea||1 (Oscar)||Awarded DSC|
|September 4, 1943||Between Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea||2 (Zeros)||Awarded 3rd OLC to DFC|
|October 24, 1943||Over Rapopo Strip, Rabaul, New Britain||2 (Zeros)||Received Purple Heart|
|October 29, 1943||Over Vunakanau, New Guinea||1 (Zero)||.|
|December 22, 1943||Over Wewak, New Guinea||1 (Tony)||.|
|December 26, 1943||Over Borgen Bay, Cape Gloucester, western New Britain||1 (Zero)||Never Returned - Declared MIA.
Posthumously awarded 4th OLC to DFC, 1st OLC to Purple Heart
His decorations include:
|Army Air Forces Pilot Badge|
|Distinguished Service Cross|
|Distinguished Flying Cross with four bronze oak leaf clusters|
|Purple Heart with bronze oak leaf cluster|
|Air Medal with silver and bronze oak leaf clusters|
|Air Force Presidential Unit Citation with bronze oak leaf cluster|
|American Defense Service Medal|
|American Campaign Medal|
|Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with silver and bronze campaign stars|
|World War II Victory Medal|
The citations for the first three of the above awards can be seen "here".
- Ace Pilots
- HeadHunters Association WWII History
- HeadHunters Association Patch History
- National Archives
- Air Force Historical Research Agency, Aerial Victory Credits search on Name begins with "Cragg", exclude those of Ernest Cragg
- Stanaway, John C.; Hickey, Lawrence J. (1995). Attack & Conquer - The 8th Fighter Group in World War II. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing. p. 320. ISBN 0-88740-808-7.
- Academic Records - Transcripts & Certification, Office of the University Registrar, New York University, PO Box 910, NY, NY 10276-4280
- Edward Cragg Biography, General Officer Biographies Volume C. Available from United States Army Center of Military History, Fort Lesley J. McNair, DC.
- Ernest T Cragg Oral History interview March 1994