Edward Antill (soldier)

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Edward Antill
Born (1742-04-11)April 11, 1742
Piscataway, Province of New Jersey
Died May 29, 1789(1789-05-29) (aged 47)
Saint-Jean, Canada
Service/branch Continental Army
Years of service 1775–1783
Rank Colonel (military engineer)
Unit 2nd Canadian Regiment
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War:
Spouse(s) Charlotte Riverin (1753–1785)
Relations

Lieutenant Colonel Edward Antill (April 11, 1742 – May 29, 1789) was an American soldier who participated at the Battle of Quebec in 1775.

Background and early years[edit]

Antill was born on April 11, 1742 in Piscataway ("Piscataqua"), Province of New Jersey. He was the fourth of six children born to Edward Antill (1701–1770), a colonial plantation owner, attorney, and early politician in New Jersey, and Anne Morris (1706–1781). His maternal grandfather was Lewis Morris (1671–1746), Royal Governor of New Jersey,[1] and his paternal grandfather was Edward Antill (c. 1659–1725), an English-born merchant and attorney.

In 1762, Antill graduated from King's College (now Columbia University) in New York City.[1]

On May 4, 1767, Antill married Charlotte Riverin of Quebec City. They had six children.

Military career[edit]

Antill was an American colonist living in the city of Quebec when in 1775 he joined the 2nd Canadian Regiment (also known as Congress' Own Regiment), as an engineer. He participated in the Battle of Quebec under General Richard Montgomery, and was present when Montgomery died from wounds received in the battle.[1]

After the failed attack on Quebec, Antill was sent to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia.[1]

In August 1777, Antill was taken prisoner at the second Battle of Staten Island, so he was not with his regiment at the Battle of Brandywine. He remained on a prison ship on the Hudson River for three years.

Upon his release, he followed and rejoined the 2nd Canadian Regiment at Yorktown.[1]

Later years and death[edit]

After the Revolutionary War, Antill soon fell upon hard times, and he suffered a breakdown after the death of his wife Charlotte in 1785.[2][3] In 1787, he left his youngest child, two-year-old Frances (Fanny) Antill, in the care of Alexander Hamilton (who was then a lawyer in New York City) and his wife Elizabeth:

Colonel Antil [sic] of the Canadian Corps, a friend of General Hazen, retired penniless from the service—his military claims, a sole dependence, being unsatisfied. Hoping to derive subsistence from the culture of a small clearing in the forest, he retired to the wilds of Hazenburgh. His hopes were baffled, and in his distress he applied to Hamilton for relief. His calamities were soon after embittered by the loss of his wife, leaving infant children. With one of these Antil visited New York, to solicit the aid of the Cincinnati, and there sank under the weight of his sorrows. Hamilton immediately took the little orphan home, who was nurtured with his own children...[2]

Two years later, on May 23, 1789, Antill died in Canada at Saint-Jean, near Montréal.

Fanny continued to live with the Hamiltons for another eight years, until she was twelve, at which time her older sister Mary was married and able to take Fanny into her own home.[3] Later, James Alexander Hamilton would write that Fanny "was educated and treated in all respects as [the Hamiltons'] own daughter."[3] She later married Arthur Tappan, a prosperous merchant and abolitionist.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Greene, Richard H. (1894). "King's (Now Columbia) College and its Earliest Alumni". In Greene, Richard H.; Stiles, Henry Reed; Totten, John Reynolds; DeForest, Louis Effingham. The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volumes 25–26. New York: New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. p. 174. 
  2. ^ a b c Hamilton, John Church (1879). Life of Alexander Hamilton: A History of the Republic of the United States of America, as Traced in His Writings and in Those of His Contemporaries. 3. Boston: Houghton, Osgood and Company. pp. 361–362. 
  3. ^ a b c Chernow, Ron (2004). Alexander Hamilton. Penguin Books. p. 203. ISBN 9780143034759. 

External links[edit]