Edward Augustus Holyoke

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Edward Augustus Holyoke
Edward Augustus Holyoke (1728-1829).jpg
Edward Augustus Holyoke

1 August 1728
Died31 March 1829
(aged 100 years, 242 days)
Salem, Massachusetts, United States of America

Edward Augustus Holyoke (August 1, 1728 – March 31, 1829) was an American educator and physician.[1]


Born in Marblehead, Province of Massachusetts Bay, son of the Reverend Edward Holyoke, a former President of Harvard, Edward Augustus graduated from that college in 1746. He opened a medical practice in 1748 and practiced for 73 more years, until retiring in 1821. He died in 1829 at the age of 100, surpassing the average life expectancy of the time by fifty years (assuming one survived childhood, for there was an extremely high infant mortality rate during this time).

Holyoke was a charter member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences,[2] of which he was president from 1814 to 1820. He was a founder and president of the Massachusetts Medical Society as well, from 1782 to 1784 and from 1786 to 1788. The length of his service to the medical practice and his pioneering work in the advancement of smallpox vaccinations have been acknowledged. He died in Salem, Massachusetts at age 100.[3]


  1. ^ "People: Edward Augustus Holyoke..." Department of History and Science. Harvard University. Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2008-05-11.
  2. ^ "Charter of Incorporation". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 3 January 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2011.
  3. ^ Essex Southern District Medical Society. Memoir of Edward A. Holyoke (1829)

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