Edward Baring, 1st Baron Revelstoke

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The Lord Revelstoke
Edward Baring, 1st Lord Revelstoke (1828-1897).jpg
Director of the Bank of England
In office
1879–1891
Personal details
Born
Edward Charles Baring

(1828-04-13)13 April 1828
Died17 July 1897(1897-07-17) (aged 69)
Spouse(s)
Louisa Emily Charlotte Bulteel
(m. 1861; his death 1897)
RelationsSir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet (grandfather)
Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer (brother)
Henry Bingham Baring (half-brother)
Children10, including John, Cecil, Everard, Maurice
ParentsHenry Baring
Cecilia Anne Windham
EducationRugby School

Edward Charles Baring, 1st Baron Revelstoke (13 April 1828 – 17 July 1897), was a British banker.

Early life[edit]

A member of the Baring banking family, "Ned" Baring was born on 13 April 1828. He was the second son of Henry Baring from his second marriage, to Cecilia Anne (née Windham). His younger brother was Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer.[1] His father, a Member of Parliament for Bossiney and Colchester, was divorced from Maria Matilda Bingham, a daughter of U.S. Senator William Bingham, the former wife of French aristocrat James Alexander, Comte de Tilly.[2] From his father's first marriage, his elder half-brother was Henry Bingham Baring, an MP Callington who married Lady Augusta Brudenell, a daughter of Robert Brudenell, 6th Earl of Cardigan.[3]

Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet was his grandfather and among his extended family were uncles were Sir Thomas Baring, 2nd Baronet and Alexander Baring, 1st Baron Ashburton (who married Ann, another Bingham daughter).[1]

He was educated at Rugby School in Warwickshire.[4]

Career[edit]

Baring in 1882 became senior partner in the family banking firm of Baring Brothers and Co until forced to step down following the Panic of 1890. Edward's younger brother Thomas also became a partner in the bank.[5]

He was also a Director of the Bank of England (1879–1891), chairman of Lloyds (1887–1892) and a Lieutenant of the City of London[citation needed]. On 30 June 1885 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Revelstoke, of Membland in the County of Devon.[6]

The town of Revelstoke in British Columbia, Canada was renamed in his honour, commemorating his role in securing the financing necessary for completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway.[4]

Personal life[edit]

On 30 April 1861, Lord Revelstoke married Louisa Emily Charlotte Bulteel, daughter of John Crocker Bulteel, MP, and his wife Lady Elizabeth Grey (herself the daughter of Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey). They had seven sons and three daughters, including:[1]

Lady Revelstoke died in 1892. Lord Revelstoke survived her by five years and died in July 1897, aged 69. He was succeeded in the barony by his second but eldest surviving son John.[1]

Descendants[edit]

Through his daughter Margaret, who married Charles Spencer, 6th Earl Spencer, he was the great-great-grandfather of Diana, Princess of Wales.[8]

In popular culture[edit]

  • Appears as a minor character in the historical-mystery novel Stone's Fall, by Iain Pears.
  • Appears in the Nightmare Song, from Gilbert & Sullivan's Iolanthe, when the Lord Chancellor sings that "The shares are a penny and ever so many are taken by Rothschild and Baring"

Ancestry[edit]

Arms[edit]

Coat of arms of Edward Baring, 1st Baron Revelstoke
Coronet of a British Baron.svg
Revelstoke Escutcheon.png
Coronet
A Coronet of a Baron
Crest
A Mullet Erminois between two Wings Argent
Escutcheon
Azure on a Fess Or a Hurt thereon a Mullet Erminois in chief a Bear's Head proper
Supporters
Dexter: a Bull Argent; Sinister: a Bear proper muzzled Or each charged on the shoulder with a Mullet Erminois
Motto
Probitate Et Labore (By uprightness and work) [9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Revelstoke, Baron (UK, 1885)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  2. ^ Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John (1888). Appleton's Cyclopædia of American Biography: Aaron-Crandall. Appleton. p. 264. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  3. ^ Kingsley, Nick (9 May 2019). "Landed families of Britain and Ireland: (375) Baring of Membland House and Lambay Castle, Barons Revelstoke". Landed families of Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Edward Charles Baring, 1st Baron Revelstoke | British merchant". britannica.com. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  5. ^ The Baring Archive
  6. ^ "No. 25486". The London Gazette. 3 July 1885. p. 3060.
  7. ^ "Mrs. M. L. Tailer's Wedding; Will Be, or Has Become, the Bride of the Hon. Cecil Baring, in London, It Is Said."The New York Times 10 April 1902. p. 9
  8. ^ Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
  9. ^ Burke's Peerage. 1959.

External links[edit]

Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Revelstoke
1885–1897
Succeeded by
John Baring