Edward Bootle-Wilbraham, 1st Earl of Lathom

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Lathom
GCB PC
2nd Lord Skelmersdale by Ape.jpg
Lord Skelmersdale caricatured in Vanity Fair magazine, 1871.
Lord Chamberlain of the Household
In office
27 June 1885 – 28 January 1886
Monarch Queen Victoria
Prime Minister The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded by The Earl of Kenmare
Succeeded by The Earl of Kenmare
In office
5 August 1886 – 11 August 1892
Monarch Queen Victoria
Prime Minister The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded by The Earl of Kenmare
Succeeded by The Lord Carrington
In office
16 July 1895 – 19 November 1898
Monarch Queen Victoria
Prime Minister The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded by The Lord Carrington
Succeeded by The Earl of Hopetoun
Personal details
Born 12 December 1837
Died 19 November 1898 (1898-11-20) (aged 60)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Lady Alice Villiers
(1841–1897)
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Edward Bootle-Wilbraham, 1st Earl of Lathom GCB PC (12 December 1837 – 19 November 1898), known as The Lord Skelmersdale between 1853 and 1880, was a British Conservative politician. He was a member of every Conservative administration between 1866 and 1898, and notably served three times as Lord Chamberlain of the Household under Lord Salisbury. Having succeeded his grandfather as Baron Skelmersdale in 1853, he was created Earl of Lathom in 1880.

Background and education[edit]

Bootle-Wilbraham was born at Blythe Hall, Lathom, Lancashire the son of Hon. Richard Bootle-Wilbraham, MP, eldest son of Edward Bootle-Wilbraham, 1st Baron Skelmersdale. His mother was Jessy, daughter of Sir Richard Brooke, 6th Baronet. His father died when Edward was only 7 years old and he was brought up by his grandparents at nearby Lathom House. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford.[1] Whilst a student at Oxford he was initiated into the Apollo University Lodge No 357, and became an active Freemason.[2] He was appointed Honorary Colonel of the 11th (1st Preston) Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps on 9 November 1872.[3]

Political career[edit]

Bootle-Wilbraham succeeded his grandfather as second Baron Skelmersdale in 1853 and was entitled to take a seat in the House of Lords on his 21st birthday in 1858. He served under the Earl of Derby and then Benjamin Disraeli as a Lord-in-Waiting from 1866[4] to 1868.[5] In 1870 he became Conservative Chief Whip in the House of Lords.[citation needed] He once again held office under Disraeli as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard from 1874[6] to 1880[7] and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1874.[8] In 1880 he was created Earl of Lathom, in the County Palatine of Lancaster.[9] Lord Lathom later held office under Lord Salisbury as Lord Chamberlain of the Household from 1885[10] to 1886,[11] from 1886[12] to 1892[13] and from 1895[14] to 1898.[15] In 1892 he was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath.[16]

Family[edit]

Lord Lathom married Lady Alice Villiers, daughter of George Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon, on 16 August 1860.[1] They had nine children:

Wilma, Countess of Lathom, wife of the 2nd Earl, by John Singer Sargent, 1904
  • Edward George Bootle-Wilbraham, 2nd Earl of Lathom (1864–1910), married 1889 Lady Wilma Pleydell-Bouverie, daughter of William Pleydell-Bouverie, 5th Earl of Radnor.[1]
  • Hon. Villiers Richard Bootle-Wilbraham, born abt. 1867, married 1900 to Violet Inez de Romero.( In May 1895, a Mr Romero aged 19 and a Miss Romero aged 21 arrived in southampton on the SS Abato, also on that journey was The Earl of Lathom aged 63, Lady E.B. Wilbraham aged 28 and Lady M.B. Wilbraham aged 23 plus a maid and a man servant.)
  • Hon. Randle Arthur Bootle-Wilbraham, born abt. 1868
  • Hon. Reginald Francis Bootle-Wilbraham, born abt. 1875, married 1903 to Lilian Mary Holt, daughter of Major William Lyster Holt
  • Lady Alice Maud Bootle-Wilbraham, O.B.E.
  • Lady Constance Adela Bootle-Wilbraham, married Onorato Caetani, Duke of Sermoneta
  • Lady Bertha Mabel Bootle-Wilbraham, married 1903 to Maj. Arthur Frederick Dawkins, son of Clinton G. A. Dawkins, (great great grandfather of (Clinton) Richard Dawkins) and has issue
  • Lady Edith Cecil. Bootle-Wilbraham.bap Jan 1870. Died 1899[citation needed]
  • Lady Florence Mary Bootle-Wilbraham (d. 1944), married the Right Reverend Lord William Cecil, Bishop of Exeter, son of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury and had issue.

The Countess of Lathom died in a carriage accident in November 1897, aged 56. Lord Lathom survived her by a year and died in November 1898, aged 60. He was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, Edward, Lord Skelmersdale.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d thepeerage.com Edward Bootle-Wilbraham, 1st Earl of Lathom
  2. ^ http://www.apollo357.com/index.php/history/1870-1914
  3. ^ Army List.
  4. ^ "No. 23139". The London Gazette. 17 July 1866. p. 4035. 
  5. ^ "No. 23452". The London Gazette. 22 December 1868. p. 6775. 
  6. ^ "No. 24071". The London Gazette. 3 March 1874. p. 1452. 
  7. ^ "No. 24842". The London Gazette. 7 May 1880. p. 2915. 
  8. ^ "No. 24071". The London Gazette. 3 March 1874. p. 1449. 
  9. ^ "No. 24840". The London Gazette. 30 April 1880. p. 2786. 
  10. ^ "No. 25485". The London Gazette. 30 June 1885. p. 3000. 
  11. ^ "No. 25558". The London Gazette. 12 February 1886. p. 683. 
  12. ^ "No. 25615". The London Gazette. 10 August 1886. p. 3853. 
  13. ^ "No. 26321". The London Gazette. 30 August 1892. p. 4958. 
  14. ^ "No. 26644". The London Gazette. 16 July 1895. p. 4022. 
  15. ^ "No. 27031". The London Gazette. 9 December 1898. p. 7970. 
  16. ^ "No. 26312". The London Gazette. 2 August 1892. p. 4375. 
Party political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Colville of Culross
Conservative Chief Whip
in the House of Lords

c. 1870 – 1885
Succeeded by
The Earl of Kintore
Political offices
Preceded by
The Duke of St Albans
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
1874–1880
Succeeded by
The Lord Monson
Preceded by
The Earl of Bessborough
Government Chief Whip in the House of Lords
1874–1880
Preceded by
The Earl of Kenmare
Lord Chamberlain of the Household
1885–1886
Succeeded by
The Earl of Kenmare
Preceded by
The Earl of Kenmare
Lord Chamberlain of the Household
1886–1892
Succeeded by
The Lord Carrington
Preceded by
The Lord Carrington
Lord Chamberlain of the Household
1895–1898
Succeeded by
The Earl of Hopetoun
Masonic offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Carnavon
Pro Grand Master of the
United Grand Lodge of England

1890–1898
Succeeded by
The Earl Amherst
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Lathom
1880–1898
Succeeded by
Edward Bootle-Wilbraham
Preceded by
Edward Bootle-Wilbraham
Baron Skelmersdale
1853–1898