Edward Brabazon, 1st Baron Ardee

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Edward Brabazon, 1st Baron Ardee (c.1548 – 7 August 1625) was an Anglo-Irish peer.[1]

Brabazon was the eldest son of Sir William Brabazon (died 1552), the Lord Justice of the Kingdom of Ireland, and Elizabeth Clifford (died 1581). His mother was the daughter and co-heiress of Nicholas Clifford of Holme in Kent and Mary Harper, sister of Sir George Harper. She was a much married lady, and Edward as a result had numerous half-siblings, including the distinguished soldier Sir William Warren, and Garret Moore, 1st Viscount Moore.[2]

A younger son of Sir William, Sir Anthony Brabazon, settled in County Galway and County Roscommon and founded a junior branch of the family. He married Ursula Malby, daughter of Sir Nicholas Malby, governor of Connacht. Ballinasloe Castle, built by a Hiberno-Norman knight in the 13th century, was granted by Queen Elizabeth to Sir Nicholas Malby. Sir Anthony took up residence in the Castle, holding it in fee by knight's service.[3]

Edward grew up at Thomas Court, near present-day Thomas Street in Dublin city, where his father had built a house out of the lands of the former Abbey of St Thomas the Martyr, which were granted to him after the Dissolution of the Monasteries. The Abbey's lands included Killruddery, near Bray, County Wicklow. The building of the original Kilruddery House seems to have begun in Edward's later years: Kilruddery is still the family home, although no trace of the original house survives. He occupied Ballinasloe castle in the 1570s or 80s, on land previously held by Seán na Maighe Ó Cellaigh.

Kilruddery House, present day

He was made a member of the Privy Council of Ireland in 1584. In 1585, he held the office of Member of Parliament for Wicklow County in the Irish House of Commons. He was knighted on 24 August 1595. Brabazon was High Sheriff of Staffordshire in 1606 and served as MP for Bangor between 1613 and 1615. He was a member of the Council of Munster in 1615. On 19 July 1616, he was created Baron Ardee in the Peerage of Ireland and took his seat in the Irish House of Lords.[4]


Edward Brabazon married Mary Smythe, the daughter of Thomas Smythe Esq. of Surrey, Clerk of the Green Cloth to Elizabeth I and his wife Eleanor Hazelrigg, and together they had at least six children.[5] His eldest son predeceased him and his second son, William, was made Earl of Meath in 1627.[6]

John Bramston the Elder, the third husband of Brabazon's daughter Elizabeth

He had at least three daughters (there are thought to have been others who died young):


  1. ^ John Debrett, Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1836), 432.
  2. ^ John Debrett, Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1836), 432.
  3. ^ Senior, Hereward (March 1961). "The parish of Ballinasloe its history from the earliest times to the present day. By Rev. Patrick K. Egan Dublin Clonmore and Reynolds; London: Burns Oates. 1960. Pp. xiv, 355. 25s". Irish Historical Studies. 12 (47): 280–281. doi:10.1017/s0021121400027760. ISSN 0021-1214.
  4. ^ William Courthope, Debrett's Complete Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (J. G. & F. Rivington, 1838), 529.
  5. ^ W. Owen, The Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland: The peerage of Ireland (1790), 32.
  6. ^ W. Owen, The Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland: The peerage of Ireland (1790), 32.
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Baron Ardee
Succeeded by