Burtynsky in 2005
February 22, 1955|
St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada
|Awards||Officer of the Order of Canada, TED Prize, The Outreach award at the Rencontres d’Arles, The Flying Elephant Fellowship, Applied Arts Magazine book award(s), the Roloff Beny Book award.|
Edward Burtynsky (born February 22, 1955) is a Canadian photographer and artist known for his large format photographs of industrial landscapes. His work is housed in more than 50 museums including the Guggenheim Museum, the National Gallery of Canada, and the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.
Early life and education
Burtynsky was born in St. Catharines, Ontario. His parents had immigrated to Canada in 1951 from Ukraine and his father found work on the production line at the local General Motors plant. Burtynsky recalls playing by the Welland Canal and watching ships pass through the locks. When he was 11, his father purchased a darkroom, including cameras and instruction manuals, from a widow whose late husband practiced amateur photography. With his father, Burtynsky learned how to make black and white prints and together with his older sister established a small business taking portraits at the local Ukrainian center. In the early 1970s, Burtynsky found work in printing and he started night classes in photography, later enrolling at the Ryerson Polytechnical Institute.
From the mid-1970s to early 1980s, Burtynsky formally studied graphic arts and photography. He obtained a diploma in graphic arts from Niagara College in Welland, Ontario, in 1976, and a BAA in Photographic Arts (Media Studies Program) from Ryerson Polytechnical Institute in Toronto, Ontario, in 1982.
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Burtynsky's most famous photographs are sweeping views of landscapes altered by industry: mine tailings, quarries, scrap piles. The grand, awe-inspiring beauty of his images is often in tension with the compromised environments they depict. He has made several excursions to China to photograph that country's industrial emergence, and construction of one of the world's largest engineering projects, the Three Gorges Dam.
Most of Burtynsky's exhibited photography (pre 2007) was taken with a large format, field camera, on large 4×5-inch sheet film and developed into high-resolution, large-dimension prints of various sizes and editions ranging from 18 × 22 inches to 60 × 80 inches. He often positions himself at high-vantage points over the landscape using elevated platforms, the natural topography, and more currently helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft. Burtynsky describes the act of taking a photograph in terms of "The Contemplated Moment", evoking and in contrast to, "The Decisive Moment" of Henri Cartier-Bresson. He currently uses a high-resolution digital medium format camera.
- 1983–1985 Breaking Ground: Mines, Railcuts and Homesteads, Canada, USA
- 1991–1992 Vermont Quarries, USA
- 1997–1999 Urban Mines: Metal Recycling, Canada Tire Piles, USA
- 1993–Carrara Quarries, Italy
- 1995–1996 Tailings, Canada
- 1999-2010 Oil Canada, China, Azerbaijan, USA
- 2000–Makrana Quarries, India
- 2000–2001 Shipbreaking, Bangladesh
- 2004–2006 China
- 2006–Iberia Quarries, Portugal
- 2007–Australian Mines, Western Australia
- 2009–2013 Water Canada, USA, Mexico, Europe, Asia, Iceland, India
Burtynsky chaired the board of directors of the online sustainability magazine Worldchanging until May 2010, shortly before it ceased operating. He sits on the board of Contact, Toronto's international festival of photography.
Toronto Image Works
In 1985 Burtynsky established Toronto Image Works, a facility that offers darkroom rentals, equipment use and presently offers digital new-media courses. In 1986 the facility opened a gallery space which displays the work of local and international artists. He is currently its president.
The 10,000 year Gallery
In July 2008 Burtynsky delivered a seminar for the Long Now Foundation entitled "The 10,000 year Gallery". The foundation promotes very long-term thinking and is managing various projects including the Clock of the Long Now, which is a clock designed to run for 10,000 years. Burtynsky was invited by clock designer Danny Hillis to contribute to the Long Now project, and Burtynsky proposed a gallery to accompany the clock. In his seminar, he suggested that a gallery of photographs which captured the essence of their time, like the cave paintings at Lascaux, could be curated annually and then taken down and stored. He outlined his research into a carbon-transfer process for printing photographs that would use inert stone pigments suspended in a hardened gelatine colloid and printed onto thick archival watercolour paper. He believes that these photographs would persist over the 10,000 year time-frame when stored away from moisture.
Burtynsky and Jennifer Baichwal, who directed the 2006 documentary Manufactured Landscapes, are co-directors of the 2013 documentary film, Watermark. The film is part of his five-year project, Water, focusing on the way water is used and managed.
Publications by Burtynsky
- Oil. Göttingen: Steidl, 2005. ISBN 978-3-86521-943-5. Edited by Marcus Schubert. With essays by Michael Mitchell, William E. Rees, and Paul Roth. "Published in conjunction with exhibitions held at the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Oct. 3-Dec. 13, 2009 and Huis Marseille, Museum for Photography Amsterdam, Dec. 5, 2009-Feb. 28, 2010."
- China. Göttingen: Steidl. 2005. ISBN 978-3-86521-130-9. With essays by Ted Fishman, Mark Kingwell, Marc Mayer, and Burtynsky.
- Manufactured Landscapes: The Photography of Edward Burtynsky. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: National Gallery of Canada; New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2005. ISBN 9780300099430. Edited by Lori Pauli. With essays by Mark Haworth-Booth and Kenneth Baker, interview by Michael Torosian.
- Quarries. Göttingen: Steidl, 2007. ISBN 978-3-86521-456-0. With essays by Michael Mitchell, "More urgent than beauty," "Rock of Ages," "Three marble mountains," "Dying for beauty," "Buy low, sell low," and "Inverted architecture."
- Pentimento. Catalogue of an exhibition held at Flowers Central, London, 2010.
- Water. Göttingen: Steidl, 2013. ISBN 9783869306797. Edited by Marcus Schubert. With essays by Wade Davis and Russell Lord. "Catalog of an exhibition held at the Contemporary Arts Center, New Orleans, Oct. 5, 2013-Jan. 19, 2014."
- 2006: Officer of the Order of Canada
- Honorary doctorate in Laws, from Mt. Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada
- Honorary doctorate in Laws, from Queen's University, Kingston
- Honorary doctorate in Fine Arts in Photography Study from Ryerson University, Toronto
- Honorary doctorate in Fine Arts, from Montserrat College of Art, Boston
- 2005: TED Prize
- Member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.
- 2013: Geological Society of America President's Medal.
- 2013: Rogers Best Canadian Film Award at the 2013 Toronto Film Critics Association Awards for Watermark (2013).
- 2014: Best Feature Length Documentary at the 2014 Canadian Screen Awards for Watermark (2013).
- 2016: List of Laureates of the Governor General's Award in Visual and Media Arts, Canada Council, Ottawa, Canada
- Edward Burtynsky Biography
- Edward Burtynsky Gallery site
- Pauli 2003, p. 11
- Richler 2003, p. 95
- Torosian 2003, p. 47
- Pauli 2003, 11.
- "Edward Burtynsky". Edward Burtynsky. Archived from the original on 2011-09-29. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
- "Our Team". Worldchanging. Archived from the original on 2010-05-15. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
- "About Us". Scotiabank Contact Photography Festival.
- "TIW : Toronto Image Works : Home". Toronto Image Works. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
- "mercury films inc. - documentary". Mercuryfilms.ca. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
- "Edward Burtynsky: The 10,000-year Gallery" (video). The Long Now. July 23, 2008. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
- "Talented veterans, emerging directors make TIFF's Canadian lineup". CBC News. 7 August 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- Clive Cookson (September 27, 2013). "Edward Burtynsky". Financial Times. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
- Jordan Pinto (January 22, 2016). "Baichwal, Burtynsky partner again for Anthropocene".
- "Edward Burtynsky inspires sustainability". TED (conference). Retrieved 17 September 2016.
- "Members since 1880". Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Archived from the original on 26 May 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- "Critics name Baichwal documentary 'Watermark' best Canadian film". CTV News, 7 January 2014.
- "Canadian Screen Awards: Orphan Black, Less Than Kind, Enemy nominated". CBC News, 13 January 2014.
- "2014 Canadian Screen Awards Gala Winners Announced" Canadian Film Centre. Accessed 17 September 2016
- "Academy announces 2014 Canadian Screen Awards Winners during Live CBC Broadcast Gala" Academy of Canadian Cinema & Television. Accessed 17 September 2016
- Granta, This overheating world. The Magazine of New Writing, 83. Fall 2003. Noah Richler: The Evidence of Man, Edward Burtynsky. p. 95.
- Before the Flood. Essay by Gary Michael Dault. 2003
- "Industrial China’s Ravaging of Nature, Made Disturbingly Sublime," The New York Times, Manohla Dargis, June 20, 2007.
- Khatchadourian, Raffi (December 19–26, 2016). "The long view : Edward Burtynsky's quest to photograph a changing planet". Our Far-Flung Correspondents. The New Yorker. 92 (42): 80–95.