Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Program
The Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Program, or JAG originates out of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2005. The program is named for New York City police officer Edward Byrne who was killed in the line of duty in 1988 while protecting an immigrant witness who agreed to testify against drug dealers. The JAG program is administered by the Office of Justice Programs's Bureau of Justice Assistance, and provides federal criminal justice funding to state, local and tribal jurisdictions.  The funding is intended for a variety of areas, such as personnel, training, equipment and supplies.
The United States Department of Justice announced in late July 2017 that more than two hundred sanctuary cities will be disqualified from receiving Byrne grants if their noncompliance with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement continues. Several cities challenged the change in courts, and as of November 2018, cases in District Courts of New York, Pennsylvania, California and Illinois have all found for the cities, with the Seventh Circuit Appeals Court affirming the Illinois district ruling. In February 2020, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit overturned the New York ruling, making it possible the case will go to the Supreme Court. 
- "Edward Byrne Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program Fact Sheet" (PDF). 1 May 2005. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
- "Review of the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Program" (PDF). 1 Dec 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
- Jessica Vaughn (July 31, 2017). "Jeff Sessions Set to Block Millions in Funding to Sanctuary Cities". The Daily Signal. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
[s]anctuary jurisdictions will lose access to certain federal law enforcement grants in 2017 if they prohibit officials from communicating with Immigration and Customs Enforcement, if they block ICE from interviewing jail inmates, or if they fail to notify ICE of the pending release of criminal aliens ICE is seeking to deport.
- Pierson, Brendan (November 30, 2018). "N.Y. judge strikes down policy tying funds to immigration compliance". Reuters. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
- Seidel, Jon; Spielman, Fran (April 19, 2018). "Court upholds ruling, blocks Trump administration in sanctuary cities case". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
- Van Voris, Bob; Dolmetsch, Chris. "Trump Can Block DOJ Grants to Sanctuary Cities, Court Rules". Bloomberg. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
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