Edward Clark (governor)

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For other people of the same name, see Edward Clark (disambiguation).
Edward Clark
Edward clark.png
8th Governor of Texas
In office
March 18, 1861 – November 7, 1861
Lieutenant Vacant
Preceded by Sam Houston
Succeeded by Francis Lubbock
7th Lieutenant Governor of Texas
In office
1859–1861
Governor Sam Houston
Preceded by Francis R. Lubbock
Succeeded by John McClannahan Crockett
Secretary of State of Texas
In office
December 22, 1853 – December 21, 1857
Preceded by Thomas H. Duval
Succeeded by T.S. Anderson
Personal details
Born ( 1815-04-01)April 1, 1815
New Orleans, Louisiana
Died May 4, 1880(1880-05-04) (aged 65)
Marshall, Texas
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Lucy Long
Martha Melissa Evans
Profession Politician

Edward Clark (April 1, 1815 – May 4, 1880) was the eighth Governor of Texas. His term coincided with the beginning of the American Civil War.

Early life[edit]

Edward Clark was born on April 1, 1815 in New Orleans, Louisiana.[1][2] His father was named Elijah Clark, Jr..[2] His paternal uncle, John Clark, served as the Governor of Georgia from 1819 to 1823.[2] His paternal grandfather was Elijah Clarke.

Clark grew up in Georgia.[2] After his father died in the 1830s, he moved to Montgomery, Alabama with his mother and studied the law.[2]

Career[edit]

Clark moved to Texas in 1842 and set up a law practice.[1] He served in the Texas Annexation Convention and two terms as a state representative in the Texas Legislature before fighting in the Mexican-American War.[2] When the war ended, he served as secretary of state under Governor Elisha M. Pease and as lieutenant governor serving under Governor Sam Houston.[1] When Sam Houston refused to take an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy, Clark became governor.[2]

After losing the governor's race by 124 votes to Francis Lubbock, Clark joined the 14th Texas Infantry as a colonel and was later promoted to brigadier general after being wounded in battle.[1] He fled briefly to Mexico at the end of the American Civil War, and returned home to Marshall, Texas.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Clark married Lucy Long in 1840,[1] but she died shortly after.[2] He married Martha Melissa Evans in 1849.[1][2] They had four children.[1][2]

Death[edit]

Clark died on May 4, 1880 in Marshall, Texas.[1][2] His grave in the Marshall City Cemetery is marked with a historical mark.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Texas Governor Edward Clark". National Governors Association. Retrieved December 28, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Wooster, Ralph A. (June 12, 2010). "CLARK, EDWARD". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 28, 2015. 

See also[edit]

Texas Senate
Preceded by
William Thomas Scott
Texas State Senator
from District 3

1847–1848
Succeeded by
Hart Hardin
Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas H. Duval
Secretary of State of Texas
1853 – 1857
Succeeded by
T.S. Anderson
Preceded by
Francis R. Lubbock
Lieutenant Governor of Texas
1859–1861
Succeeded by
John McClannahan Crockett
Preceded by
Sam Houston
Governor of Texas
1861
Succeeded by
Francis R. Lubbock