Edward Conway, 1st Earl of Conway

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Conway
PC, FRS
ConwayArms.png
Arms of Conway: Sable, on a bend cotised argent a rose gules between two annulets of the first[1]
Secretary of State for the Northern Department
In office
2 February 1681 – January 1683
Monarch Charles II
Preceded by Sir Leoline Jenkins
Succeeded by Sidney Godolphin
Personal details
Born Edward Conway
c. 1623 (1623)
Died 11 August 1683 (1683-08-12) (aged 60)
Resting place Arrow, Warwickshire, England
Nationality English
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) Anne Finch (m. 165179)
Elizabeth Booth (d. 1681)
Ursula Stawell
Occupation Politician

Edward Conway, 1st Earl of Conway (c. 1623 – 11 August 1683) PC, FRS, of Ragley Hall, Alcester, in Warwickshire, was an English peer and politician who served as Secretary of State for the Northern Department between 1681 and 1683.

Origins[edit]

Conway was born circa 1623, the son and heir of Edward Conway, 2nd Viscount Conway (1594–1655) by his wife Frances Popham, daughter of Sir Francis Popham (1573–1644) MP, of Wellington in Somerset and Littlecote in Berkshire (now Wiltshire).

Career[edit]

He succeeded as 3rd Viscount Conway (in the Peerage of England) and 3rd Viscount Killultagh (in the Peerage of Ireland) following the death of his father in 1655. Conway became a member of the Irish Privy Council in 1660 and was a confidant of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society on 2 January 1668, became governor of Charlemont Fort in 1671 and served as Master of the Ordnance in Ireland from 1679.

On 3 December 1679, Conway was created Earl of Conway. On 2 February 1681 he joined the Privy Council of King Charles II and became Secretary of State for the Northern Department. He resigned in January 1683 amid allegations that he was complicit in "crimes and misdemeanours ... either in relation to the King's person or his public negotiations or transactions with foreign ambassadors, or in not rightly pursuing the King's instructions to ambassadors abroad". He also served as Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire from 1682 to 1683.

Marriages[edit]

He married three times, but had no children:

Death and burial[edit]

He died on 11 August 1683 and was buried in Arrow, Warwickshire.

Succession[edit]

As he died with no children, his titles became extinct. He appointed by his will as heir to his estates, including Ragley Hall, his eight year old first cousin once removed Popham Seymour (1675–1699), eldest son of Laetitia Popham (a daughter of his uncle Alexander Popham (1605–1669), MP, of Littlecote) by her husband (to whom she was his second wife) Sir Edward Seymour, 4th Baronet (died 1708) of Berry Pomeroy in Devon. His bequest stipulated that Popham Seymour should adopt the arms and additional surname of Conway, and thus he became known as Popham Seymour-Conway. The latter's nephew and eventual heir was Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, (1718–1794), whose seat became Ragley Hall, where his descendant the 9th Marquess is still seated in 2015.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.607, as borne by Seymour, Marquess of Hertford, eventual heir of Earl of Conway
Political offices
Preceded by
Leoline Jenkins
Secretary of State for the Northern Department
1681–1683
Succeeded by
Sidney Godolphin
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Northampton
Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire
1682–1683
Succeeded by
The Earl of Sunderland
Preceded by
The Earl of Denbigh
Custos Rotulorum of Warwickshire
1675–1683
Peerage of England
New creation Earl of Conway
1679–1683
Extinct
Preceded by
Edward Conway
Viscount Conway
1665–1683
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Edward Conway
Viscount Killultagh
1665–1683
Extinct