Edward Cooper (mayor)

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Edward Cooper
Edward Cooper.jpg
Mayor of New York City
In office
1879–1880
Preceded by Smith Ely, Jr.
Succeeded by William Russell Grace
Personal details
Born October 26, 1824
New York City, U.S.
Died February 25, 1905(1905-02-25) (aged 80)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Resting place Green-Wood Cemetery
Political party Democrat
Spouse(s) Cornelia Redmond
(m. 1854; her death 1894)
Children Edith Cooper Bryce
Parents Peter Cooper
Sarah Raynor Bedell
Education Columbia University

Edward Cooper (October 26, 1824 – February 25, 1905) was the 83rd Mayor of New York City from 1879 to 1880. He was the only surviving son of industrialist Peter Cooper.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

Cooper was born in New York City on October 26, 1824. He was the son of Peter Cooper (1791–1883) and Sarah Raynor (née Bedell) Cooper (1793–1869).[3] His sister Amelia Cooper (1830–1912) was married to Abram Stevens Hewitt (1822–1903), who also served as mayor of New York from 1887 to 1888.[4]

He was the grandson of John O. Cooper (1755–1838), a hatmaker who served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and Margaret Campbell (1762–1841).[3]

He attended the New York public schools and Columbia University, afterwards entering the iron business with the aid of his father.[5]

Career[edit]

In partnership with Abram S. Hewitt, Cooper operated an iron works in Trenton, New Jersey. Edward Cooper also became a metallurgist and inventor, developing several improvements to iron making and metalworking. He declined to patent his inventions, believing that they could better serve the public if he made them widely available. After Peter Cooper's death in 1883, Edward Cooper succeeded to the presidency of the Cooper Union.[6]

Active in politics as a Democrat, Cooper was a delegate to The 1860 Democratic National Convention in Charleston, South Carolina, and the 1876 Democratic National Convention in St. Louis. With Hewitt, Samuel J. Tilden and others, Cooper was recognized as a leader of the Swallowtails, named for the Swallowtail coat. The Swallowtails were prominent Democratic businessmen and professionals who opposed the Tammany Hall Democratic organization and attempted to introduce government reforms and end corruption. Cooper served as a member of the Committee of Seventy, which investigated and prosecuted Tammany Hall corruption. In 1875, Tilden was Governor of New York, and named Cooper to a commission which proposed anti-corruption reforms for inclusion in the New York Constitution.[7]

By the late 1870s, Cooper was part of the Irving Hall Democrats, another organization which opposed Tammany. In 1878, Cooper ran successfully for mayor, supported by anti-Tammany Democrats, Republicans, and independents. He defeated Augustus Schell, who ran with Tammany support. During his two-year term Cooper promoted reform of the city's sanitation service and tenement laws. He was succeeded by William Russell Grace, another anti-Tammany Democrat.[7]

Personal life[edit]

In 1854, Cooper was married to Cornelia Redmond (1829–1894), the daughter of James Morton Redmond (1807–1886) and Anne (née Bowne) Redmond (1809–1881). Together, they were the parents of two children, only one of whom lived to maturity:[8]

He died in New York City on February 25, 1905 and was buried at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hughes, Thomas (1886). Life and Times of Peter Cooper. London: MacMillan and Co. pp. 222–226. Retrieved 3 August 2012. Our fifth child was my son Edward, who is still living. 
  2. ^ Anderson, Lincoln (July 27, 2005). "Square suit cites 'hallowed ground,' theater in round and, um, squirrels". The Villager. 75 (10). New York, New York. He noted that Peter Cooper recalled seeing a hanging there as a teenager, and that Mayor Edward Cooper, his son, recollected his father having witnessed the lynching at the current site of the fountain. 
  3. ^ a b c d Guérin, Polly (2012). The Cooper-Hewitt Dynasty of New York. Arcadia Publishing. p. 13. ISBN 9781614237822. Retrieved 5 October 2017. 
  4. ^ "ABRAM S. HEWITT DEAD; Ex-Mayor Passes Away at His City Residence. His Career as an Ironmaster, Business Man, Statesman, Financier, Educator and Philanthropist". The New York Times. January 19, 1903. Retrieved 5 October 2017. 
  5. ^ "Mrs. Lloyd Bryce Buys Eighty Acres". The New York Times. 24 August 1899. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  6. ^ "First Annual Report of the Trustees of Cooper Union" (January 1, 1860)
  7. ^ a b Caliendo, Ralph J. (2010). New York City Mayors. Xlibris Corporation. p. 360. ISBN 9781450088145. Retrieved 5 October 2017. [self-published source]
  8. ^ "MRS. BRYCE LEFT $6,921,810; Estate Goes to Children and Grandchildren". The New York Times. 3 April 1918. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  9. ^ "Mrs. Bryce's Estate Left to Family". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 7 June 1916. Retrieved 18 October 2015. , page 8
  10. ^ "Mrs. Bryce Left $3,000,000. Husband and Son Principal Beneficiaries Under Will". The New York Times. 7 June 1916. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "A BRIGHT MAY WEDDING; MARRIAGE OF MISS COOPER AND MR. L.S. BRYCE. THE SCENES AND SERVICES AT ALL SOULS' CHURCH RECEPTION AT THE HOUSE OF MR. PETER COOPER A FEW OF THE GUESTS." The New York Times. 1 June 1879. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  12. ^ "Ex-Mayor Cooper Dies of Apoplectic Stroke – Son of Cooper Union's Founder and Tilden's Close Friend – Fought The Tweed Ring – Brother-in-Law of Abram S. Hewitt, Who Was His Business Partner – Eighty-one Years Old". New York Times. February 25, 1905. p. 1. Retrieved 7 September 2017. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Smith Ely, Jr.
Mayor of New York City
1879–1880
Succeeded by
William Russell Grace