Edward Darcy

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Sir Edward Darcy, Darcey or Darsey (1543/1544 – 28 October 1612) of Stainforth, East Riding of Yorkshire, was an English politician and courtier. His monopoly by way of having a wide patent on playing cards was declared illegal in 1598.

Background and career[edit]

Darcy was the son of Mary Carew (daughter of Nicholas Carew) and of Sir Arthur Darcy (the son of Thomas Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy of Darcy) [1][2] He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge before being admitted to the Inner Temple in 1561.[3] He was a Member of Parliament for Truro, Cornwall from 1584 to 1585. In 1589 he was a groom of the Privy Chamber under Queen Elizabeth; in that year the Queen granted the reversion of the manors of Epsom and Ashtead to him as Francis Carew's nephew, which matured in 1612 on the latter's death.[2] In 1595 he received the manor of Stainforth Underbargh and 20 dwelling houses with lands there.[4]

Queen Elizabeth granted Darcy an exclusive patent in 1598 for the manufacture, importation and sales of playing cards. The King’s Bench held the patent invalid in the landmark case [Darcy v Allein] (“The Case of Monopolies”).[5]

Knighted 23 April 1603, Sir Edward died 28 October 1612, aged 69,[3] and was buried at St Botolph's Aldgate.[6]

Family[edit]

He married Elizabeth Evelyn (d.1634), niece of John Evelyn[1] and their issue included two eldest sons Robert and Christopher.

  • Robert Darcy m. Mary d. 1618
    • Edward Darcy (parted with manors)
  • Christopher Darcy d. 1623

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Epsom". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 31 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Epsom". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 31 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Darsey, Edward (DRSY561E)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  4. ^ Francis Collins (editor) (1890). "Yorkshire Fines: 1595". Feet of Fines of the Tudor period [Yorks]: part 4: 1594-1603. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 31 October 2013. 
  5. ^ EDWARD WYNDHAM HULME, The Early History of the English Patent System, in 3 SELECT ESSAYS IN ANGLO-AMERICAN LEGAL HISTORY 117, 122-138 (1909)
  6. ^ Edward Darcy at Find a Grave