Edward Douglass White House
Edward Douglass White House
|Location||2295 LA 1, Thibodaux, Louisiana|
|Area||3 acres (1.2 ha)|
|NRHP reference #||76000964|
|Added to NRHP||December 8, 1976|
|Designated NHL||December 8, 1976|
The Edward Douglass White House, also known as Edward Douglass White Louisiana State Commemorative Area, is a state historic site near Thibodaux, Louisiana. The house was home to both Edward Douglass White, Sr., the tenth governor of the state of Louisiana, and his son, Edward Douglass White, a U.S. senator and a Chief Justice of the United States. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1976 for its association with the latter White, whose influential decision in Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States, while resulting in the breakup of Standard Oil, weakened the Sherman Antitrust Act by its adoption of the rule of reason.
The house was built from hand-hewn cypress as a Creole-style raised cottage. The house was built on the banks of Bayou Lafourche facing what is now Louisiana Highway 1. E.D. White, Sr. purchased the property in 1829 from Guillaume Arcement, and around 1834 began remodeling the house to reflect the prevalent Greek revival style of architecture. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976.
The main floor includes a central hallway dividing four rooms, reflecting the typical symmetry of Greek Revival architecture. An inverted stairwell at the end of the hall leads to two bedrooms on the second floor. The high ceilings, wide front gallery, and raised brick cellar served to cool the house during the summer.
The house is owned by the Louisiana State Museum and is operated as a historic house museum known as the E. D. White Historic Site. An exhibit inside the home demonstrates the history of the Bayou Lafourche area, with features on the Chitimacha Indians, Acadian settlers, slavery, sugar cane plantations, and the White family.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Lafourche Parish, Louisiana
- National Park Service (2013-11-02). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Edward Douglass White House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- George R. Adams and Ralph Christian (April 1976). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Edward Douglass White House / Edward Douglass White Louisiana State Commemorative Area" (pdf). National Park Service. and Accompanying 2 photos, exterior, from 1976. (999 KB)
- "E.D. White Historic Site - Louisiana State Museum". Retrieved January 25, 2015.
- E. D. White Historic Site - Louisiana State Museum