Eggleston was born in Vevay, Indiana, to Joseph Cary Eggleston and Mary Jane Craig. The author George Cary Eggleston was his brother. As a child, he was too ill to regularly attend school, so his education was primarily provided by his father. He was ordained as a Methodist minister in 1856. He wrote a number of tales, some of which, especially the "Hoosier" series, attracted much attention. Among these are The Hoosier Schoolmaster, The Hoosier Schoolboy, The End of the World, The Faith Doctor, and Queer Stories for Boys and Girls.
His summer home, Owl's Nest, in Lake George, New York, eventually became his year-round home. Eggleston died there in 1902, at the age of 64. Owl's Nest was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1971. His daughter, the writer, Elizabeth Eggleston Seelye, was married to Elwyn Seelye, the founder of the New York State Historical Association.
- The Hoosier Schoolmaster (1871)
- The End of the World (1872)
- The Mystery of Metropolisville (1873)
- The Circuit Rider (1874)
- Roxy (1878)
- The Graysons (1888)
- The Faith Doctor (1891)
- Duffels (short stories) (1893)
- Mr. Blake's Walking Stick (1870)
- Tecumseh and the Shawnee Prophet (1878)
- Pocahontus and Powhatan (1879)
- Montezuma (1880)
- The Hoosier Schoolboy (1883)
- Queer Stories for Boys and Girls (1884)
- Stories of Great Americans for Little Americans (1895)
- Home History of the United States (1889)
- A History of the United States and Its People (1888)
- The Beginners of a Nation (1896)
- The Transit of Civilization From England to America (1901)
- New Centennial History of the United States (1904)
- Christ in Art (1875)
- Bridges, Karl (2007). 100 great American novels you've (probably) never read. Popular authors series. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-59158-165-9. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- Edward Eggleston. Encyclopedia.com.
- Chisholm 1911.
- American Antiquarian Society Members Directory
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "Edward Eggleston (obituary)" (PDF). The New York Times. September 6, 1902. Retrieved June 15, 2010.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
- "Eggleston, Edward." American Authors 1600–1900 The H. W. Wilson Company, New York, 1938
- Cousin, John William (1910), "Eggleston, Edward", A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature, London: J. M. Dent & Sons – via Wikisource
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