Edward Elder Cooper

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Edward Elder Cooper

Edward Elder Cooper was a prominent early black publisher in the United States. He was born into slavery in Duval County, Florida on 10 June, 1859, and died at the age of 49 on 9 July 1908.[1]

Cooper was the publisher of the Indianapolis Freeman, starting in July 1888, then sold it in 1892.[2]

Cooper then launched The Colored American in Washington, D.C. starting in 1893.[3] Cooper allied the newspaper with Booker T. Washington, Mary Church Terrell, and generally with the Republican Party. The newspaper fell into debt and shut down in 1904.[4]


  1. ^ Gatewood, W. B. (1 June 1978). "Edward E. Cooper, Black Journalist". Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly. 55 (2): 269–324. doi:10.1177/107769907805500207. 
  2. ^ Taylor, Jr., Robert M. (1994). "Indianapolis Freeman". In David J. Bodenhamer. The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. Robert Graham Barrows. Indiana UP. p. 781. ISBN 9780253312228. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  3. ^ Ratzlaff, Aleen J. (2009). "Illustrated African American Journalism: Political Cartooning in the Indianapolis Freeman". In Sachsman, David B. Seeking a voice: images of race and gender in the 19th century press. S. Kittrell Rushing, Roy Morris, Jr. West Lafayette: Purdue UP. pp. 131–140. ISBN 9781557535054. 
  4. ^ "About The colored American. (Washington, D.C.) 1893-19??". Library of Congress.