Edward F. Hills

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Edward Freer Hills (1912–1981) was an American Presbyterian scholar, perhaps the greatest 20th Century Traditional (“Byzantine”) Text, and Received Text defender.[1][2] Dr. Hills integrates his theological perspective alongside New Testament criticism. Reading Dean John William Burgon inspired Dr. Hills to approach textual criticism from a “logic of faith” (1952 is the year that Dr. Hills made a definite commitment to this view).[3] As to the relationship of the King James Bible to the Received Text, Hills wrote "the King James Version ought to be regarded not merely as a translation of the Textus Receptus but also as an independent variety of the Textus Receptus." (King James Version Defended, Ch. 8)


  • Graduated summa cum laude at Yale University (1930–1933)[4][5]
  • Th.D. from Westminster Theological Seminary (ca. 1935)
  • Th.M. from Columbia Theological Seminary
  • Th.D. in New Testament textual criticism from Harvard under the supervision of Henry J. Cadbury, Kirsopp Lake as one of the readers[6]

Books by Dr. Hills[edit]

  • The King James Version Defended: A Christian View of the New Testament Manuscripts (1956). ISBN 0-915923-00-9.
    • An online version of his book is available here [1] and here [2] and in HTML at [3]
  • Believing Bible Study. First edition, 1967; Second edition, 1977, Third edition, 1991. ISBN 0-915923-01-7.


  1. ^ One Bible only?: examining exclusive claims for the King James Bible Roy E. Beacham, Kevin T. Bauder p48 - 2001 "Edward F. Hills - Another individual who made a sizable contribution to the KingJames-Only movement, although not drawing directly from the works of Wilkinson and Ray, is Edward F. Hills (1912-1981). Hills actually possessed genuine ..."
  2. ^ James D. Price (who isn't a KJO proponent) alludes to this in: King James Onlyism: A New Sect, 2006 pg. 263
  3. ^ This statement can be seen in the 2nd to last paragraph of The Testimony of Dr. Edward F. Hills by David Cloud
  4. ^ check out the Robert Barnett's contribution at http://www.deanburgonsociety.org/KJBible/barnett91.htm.
  5. ^ I am assuming since Dr. Hills mentioned that he was a sophomore at Yale in 1931, that would mean his years of study at Yale would most likely be around 1930-33.
  6. ^ Hills Revisited by John Whitmer