Edward F. Jones
Edward Franc Jones
Edward F. Jones. Trade card circa 1888.
|Born||June 3, 1828|
Utica, Oneida County, New York
|Died||August 14, 1913 (aged 85)|
Binghamton, Broome County, New York
|Place of burial|
|Service/||United States Army|
Brevet Brigadier General
|Commands held||6th Massachusetts Volunteer Militia|
26th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
He was born in Utica, New York, the son of Lorenzo B. Jones and Sophronia (Chapman) Jones. He was educated at Leicester, Massachusetts. In 1850, he married Mary A. Tarbell, of Pepperell, Massachusetts.
In 1854, he joined the militia as a Lieutenant. In 1861 he joined the 6th Massachusetts Militia as a Major, and he was soon named commander with the rank of Colonel. He led the organization on its famed march through Baltimore, which sparked the first bloodshed of the American Civil War. His troops traveled onward and helped with the defense of Washington, D.C.
Jones later recruited and commanded the 26th Massachusetts Infantry. On February 24, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Jones for the grade of brevet brigadier general, United States Volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865, for meritorious services during the war. The U.S. Senate confirmed the award on April 10, 1866.
In 1862, he married Susan Annie Brown, from Boston. In 1865, he served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. Soon afterwards, he moved to Binghamton, New York, where he opened a scale manufacturing plant. He became widely known as "Jones of Binghamton" for his company's advertising, which included the slogan "Jones pays the freight" or "Jones, he pays the freight", to communicate that, unlike his competitors, he would not expect buyers to pay a delivery charge.
Jones served as Binghamton's Police Commissioner, was a Regent of the University of the State of New York, served as President of the State Board of Equalization, and served on the boards of numerous colleges and charities.
In 1905, he published the novel Richard Baxter: A Story of New England Life of 1830 to 1840.
Jones continued to operate his business until he lost his sight at the age of 79, after which his scale works was operated by his son.
He died in Binghamton, New York, and was buried at Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts. His home at Binghamton, known as the Gen. Edward F. Jones House, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.
In popular culture
Ellis Parker Butler referenced Jones' slogan in The Adventure of the Lame and the Halt, one of his Perkins of Portland stories. The go-ahead advertising man creates a craze for a vile-tasting tonic water by several means, including the slogan "Perkins Pays the Freight". The slogan itself becomes a national catch-phrase.
- List of American Civil War brevet generals
- List of Massachusetts generals in the American Civil War
- Massachusetts in the American Civil War
- Eicher, John H. and Eicher, David J. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001, p. 749. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3
- Hunt, Roger D. and Brown, Jack R. Brevet Brigadier Generals in Blue. Gaithersburg, MD: Olde Soldier Books, Inc., 1990. ISBN 1-56013-002-4. p. 318
- Eicher and Eicher, p. 749
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- Eicher, John H. and Eicher, David J. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
- Hunt, Roger D. and Brown, Jack R. Brevet Brigadier Generals in Blue. Gaithersburg, MD: Olde Soldier Books, Inc., 1990. ISBN 1-56013-002-4.
- History of the Military Company of the Massachusetts, Now Called, the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts: 1637-1888 by Oliver Ayer Roberts (A. Mudge & Son, 1898)
- Broome County in Vintage Postcards by Ed Aswad & Suzanne M. Meredith (Arcadia Publishing, 2000, ISBN 0-7385-0447-5, ISBN 978-0-7385-0447-6, page 14)
- Civil War High Commands by John H. Eicher & John Y. Simon (Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3, ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1 ; page 324)
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