Edward Fanshawe

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For the Army officer of the same name, see Edward Fanshawe (British Army officer)
Sir Edward Fanshawe
Born 27 November 1814
Stoke, Devon
Died 21 October 1906 (1906-10-22) (aged 91)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Rank Admiral
Commands held HMS Cruiser
HMS Daphne
HMS Cossack
HMS Hastings
HMS Centurion
HMS Trafalgar
North American Station
Royal Naval College, Greenwich
Portsmouth Command
Battles/wars Oriental Crisis
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

Admiral Sir Edward Gennys Fanshawe, GCB (27 November 1814 – 21 October 1906) was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth.

Naval career[edit]

Born the eldest surviving son of General Sir Edward Fanshawe,[1] and the nephew of Admiral Sir Arthur Fanshawe, Fanshawe was educated at the Royal Naval Academy, Portsmouth where he came second from the top in a very talented year and was commended for both his artistic and writing ability.[2] Fanshawe joined the Royal Navy in 1828.[3] During the Oriental Crisis of 1840 he took part in the capture of Acre.[3] He was subsequently given command of HMS Cruiser and then HMS Daphne.[3]

He took part in the Crimean War as Captain of HMS Cossack.[3] Later he commanded HMS Hastings, HMS Centurion and then HMS Trafalgar.[3] He suffered some health problems from the 1850s, which curtailed his Mediterranean command of the HMS Centurion.[2]

He was made Superintendent of Chatham Dockyard in 1861, Third Naval Lord in 1865 and Superintendent of Malta Dockyard in 1868.[3] He went on to be Commander-in-Chief, North American Station in 1870, Admiral President of the Royal Naval College, Greenwich in 1875 and Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth in 1878.[3] He retired in 1879.[3]

From the early 1850s he and his family lived at Rutland Gate in London.[4] He later moved to 63 Eaton Square and finally to 75 Cromwell Road in Kensington, where he died on Trafalgar Day 1906.[2]

Family[edit]

"Ancient tower at Cloyne." Painted by Fanshawe in 1856.

Fanshawe's marriage to Jane Cardwell took place in early 1843; their four sons included Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Dalrymple Fanshawe,[3] whose son Guy also became a Royal Naval Captain.[2] He also had a daughter, Alice.[2] His wife, Jane, was the sister of Edward (later Lord) Cardwell, a notable politician and, as Secretary of State for War under William Gladstone in the 1860s, instigator of the 'Cardwell Reforms' of the British Army.[2]

Further reading[edit]

  • Admiral Sir Edward Gennys Fanshawe GCB, published 1904, edited by Alice Fanshawe and illustrated with Edward Fanshawe's own drawings
  • Albums of over 100 drawings coving his Pacific voyage in the Daphne and the other later activities, mainly in the Baltic Sea and the Mediterranean with some of his holiday drawings in Scotland and Switzerland from 1843 to 1883, held by the National Maritime Museum

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^  Laughton, John Knox (1912). "Fanshawe, Edward Gennys". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement​. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Admiral Sir Edward Gennys Fanshawe GCB, published 1904
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i J. K. Laughton, rev. Andrew Lambert. "Sir Edward Fanshawe". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33077.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ "'Rutland Gate: Twentieth-Century Redevelopments', Survey of London: volume 45: Knightsbridge (2000), pp. 152-156.". Retrieved 3 August 2010. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Charles Frederick
Third Naval Lord
1865–1866
Succeeded by
Henry Seymour
Preceded by
Henry Kellett
Admiral Superintendent, Malta Dockyard
1868–1870
Succeeded by
Astley Key
Preceded by
Sir George Wellesley
Commander-in-Chief, North America and West Indies Station
1870–1873
Succeeded by
Sir George Wellesley
Preceded by
Sir Astley Key
President, Royal Naval College, Greenwich
1875–1878
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Shadwell
Preceded by
Sir George Elliot
Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth
1878–1879
Succeeded by
Sir Alfred Ryder