Edward FitzRoy

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The Right Honourable
Edward FitzRoy
DL
Edward FitzRoy, Commons Speaker.png
Speaker of the House of Commons
In office
20 June 1928 – 3 March 1943
Monarch George V
Edward VIII
George VI
Preceded by John Henry Whitley
Succeeded by Douglas Clifton Brown
Member of Parliament for Daventry
In office
14 December 1918 – 3 March 1943
Preceded by Constituency established
Succeeded by Reginald Manningham-Buller
Personal details
Born (1869-07-24)24 July 1869
Died 3 March 1943(1943-03-03) (aged 73)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Viscountess Daventry

The Right Honourable Edward Algernon FitzRoy, DL (24 July 1869 – 3 March 1943) was a British Conservative politician who served as Speaker of the House of Commons from 1928 until his death.

Early life[edit]

As a boy, he served as a Page of Honour to Queen Victoria.

Political career[edit]

A member of Northamptonshire County Council from 1896 to 1921, FitzRoy first entered Parliament in 1900 General election as Member of Parliament (MP) for Northamptonshire South.[1] He was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Northamptonshire in 1901.[2] He was re-elected during the January 1910 General Election for Northamptonshire South.[3] He held the seat in the December 1910 General Election.[4]

During World War I, whilst still an MP, he served in the military as a Captain of the 1st Regiment of Life Guards, was injured at the First Battle of Ypres and commanded the mounted troops of the Guards Division from 1915–16.

In the 1918 General Election, he was elected for the seat of Daventry.[5] He held the seat in the 1922 General Election,[6] the 1923 General Election,[7] the 1924 General Election,[8] the 1929 General Election,[9] and the 1935 General Election.[10]

He served as Deputy Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means, briefly during 1923 and from 1924 to 1928. He was made a Privy Councillor in February 1924.[11] He was elected Speaker of the House of Commons on 20 June 1928.[12] In 1931, he was awarded a Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Cambridge and an honorary Doctor of Civil Law degree from the University of Oxford in 1934. In 1935, there was considerable controversy when the Labour Party decided to stand a candidate against him in the general election.

Fitzroy died aged 73 in Westminster in 1943.

Personal life[edit]

FitzRoy was the second son of the 3rd Baron Southampton. He was a descendant of Charles I.[13]

Through ancestor Anne Warren, the daughter of Admiral Peter Warren (Royal Navy officer) he is a descendant of the Schuyler family, the Van Cortlandt family, and the Delancey family, all from British North America.[14]

FitzRoy married Muriel on 19 November 1891. Upon his death she was given a Viscountcy, the customary retirement honour for Speakers, as Viscountess Daventry.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27244. p. 6772. 6 November 1900. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27313. p. 3292. 14 May 1901.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28338. p. 1034. 11 February 1910. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28449. p. 9554. 23 December 1910. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 31147. p. 1361. 28 January 1919. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32775. p. 8708. 8 December 1922. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32897. p. 364. 11 January 1924. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32996. p. 8530. 25 November 1924. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33508. p. 4112. 21 June 1929. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34223. p. 7502. 26 November 1935. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32906. p. 1261. 8 February 1924. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
  12. ^ "Election of Speaker". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. 20 June 1928. col. 1719–1728. 
  13. ^ Rose, Kenneth (1894). King George V. Alfred A. Knopf. p. 369. ISBN 978-0333372241. ...while standing only a few feet from the place where his own ancestor, Charles I, had been tried for his life and found guilty. 
  14. ^ ThePeerage.com page 7165 http://www.thepeerage.com/p7165.htm#i71650 Accessed 14 March 2015.

External links[edit]

Court offices
Preceded by
George Byng
Page of Honour
1883–1886
Succeeded by
Cyril Stopford
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Hon. Edward Douglas-Pennant
Member of Parliament for Northamptonshire South
19001906
Succeeded by
Archibald Grove
Preceded by
Archibald Grove
Member of Parliament for Northamptonshire South
19101918
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Daventry
19181943
Succeeded by
Reginald Manningham-Buller
Political offices
Preceded by
Cyril Entwistle
Deputy Chairman of Ways and Means
1924–1928
Succeeded by
Dennis Herbert
Preceded by
John Henry Whitley
Speaker of the House of Commons
1928–1943
Succeeded by
Douglas Clifton Brown