Edward Fowell Martin
|Edward Fowell Martin|
|Born||22 August 1875
|Died||22 September 1950
Perth, Western Australia
|Years of service||1898–1919|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
|Awards||Companion of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order
|Other work||Sergeant-at-arms of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly.|
Early life and career
Edward Fowell Martin was born in Launceston, Tasmania on 22 August 1875. The family moved to New South Wales where Martin was educated at King's College, Goulburn. He worked as an accountant in a bank before joining a woolbroking firm. Martin joined the Army Service Corps as a private in 1898. He was commissioned in 1903 and reached the rank of major on 1 August 1913.
World War I
On 18 August 1914, Martin joined the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (AN&MEF). The force sailed for New Guinea on the HMAT Berrima. On 14 September 1914, he led the advance on Toma, where the German acting governor had established his headquarters. After the German surrender, Martin landed at Madang with a half company of infantry and a half company of naval reservists for a garrison and took charge there. He was District Administrator until February 1915, after which he returned to Australia where his appointment to the AN&MEF was terminated on 4 March 1915.
On 7 May 1915, Martin was appointed to the First Australian Imperial Force as a major in the 17th Battalion. The battalion left for Egypt on 12 May 1915, where Martin became second in command of the battalion on 2 June 1915. The battalion arrived at Anzac on 19 August 1915 where it was committed to Battle of Hill 60 on 27 to 29 August, taking many casualties. In September the battalion took over at Quinn's Post. Martin contracted dysentery and was evacuated to Egypt on 13 September 1915. He returned on 8 December 1915, just before the evacuation.
The 17th Battalion departed Alexandria for Marseilles on 23 March 1916. Martin was appointed to command the 17th Battalion with the rank of lieutenant colonel on 19 April 1916 in place of Lieutenant Colonel Goddard, who had been evacuated to Australia sick. The 17th Battalion was committed to Pozieres in July and took heavy casualties. The battalion remained in the line, participating in the capture of the Pozieres. For his performance—and that of his battalion at Pozieres, Martin was mentioned in dispatches and awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO).
Martin was evacuated with the flu on 23 December 1916, returning to the 17th on 17 February 1917. During the German counterattack at Lagnicourt in April 1917, Martin's headquarters was caught up in the fighting. At Menin Road on 20 September 1917, he moved it into a shell hole in the front line so as to better supervise the defence effort. Martin was mentioned in dispatches twice more in 1917 and he was made a Companion of St Michael and St George (CMG). Martin was made a brevet lieutenant colonel in the AMF on 24 September 1917.
On 9 March 1918, Martin became temporary command of the 7th Brigade. On 29 March 1918 Martin became a temporary colonel. He relinquished command on 3 May 1915 and immediately took over command of the 5th Brigade. On 28 June 1918, the position became permanent and Martin became a temporary brigadier general. He was promoted to colonel in the AMF on 9 July 1918.
On 31 August 1918, the 5th Brigade took Mont St Quentin, the capture of Mont St Quentin by the men of the 2nd Division was widely regarded as the finest fighting feat of the war. For his part in the 1918 fighting, Martin was mentioned in dispatches three more times and was made a Companion of the Bath (CB) on 3 June 1919. He left for Australia on 12 July 1919, arriving in Sydney on 26 August 1919. He appointment to the AIF was terminated on 8 December 1919.
In 1924 Martin moved to Perth where he became an accountant with The West Australian newspaper. In 1932 he was appointed sergeant-at-arms of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. He carried the mace for the next eighteen years. During World War II he helped organise the Volunteer Defence Corps in Perth. He died on 22 September 1950.