Edward Galloway (? - April 19, 1861) was the first soldier in the American Civil War to be mortally wounded, and the war's second death, after Private Daniel Hough. He was injured when a gun went off prematurely on April 14, 1861 during a 100-gun salute to the flag after the Battle of Fort Sumter. The explosion killed Hough, severely injured Galloway, and slightly injured four other men. He was taken to the Gibbes Hospital in Charleston, where he died five days later on April 19, 1861.
Galloway served as a private in Battery E of the 1st United States Artillery Regiment. In January 1861, the regiment was relocated to Fort Sumter, where it would be stationed until the Battle of Fort Sumter in April of the same year.
On April 12, 1861, Fort Sumter came under attack. It is unknown where Galloway served during the battle, but along with the rest of the garrison, he came through the battle unscathed and was present on April 14 during the 100-gun salute to the flag after the surrender, stationed at the 47th gun along with Private Daniel Hough. While Hough was loading the gun, a spark in the barrel of the gun made it explode prematurely. The explosion blew off Hough's right arm and killed him almost instantly. It also detonated ammunition stored next to the gun and wounded five other men, including Galloway. The salute was cut short at fifty guns. Galloway was severely wounded by the explosion, and was taken after the salute to the Gibbes Hospital in Charleston where he died five days later.
Variations on name
There are several variations of his surname; the United States Registers of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914 recorded his name as Edward Gallwey. His brother, who was mortally wounded at Port Hudson and died in Baton Rouge on July 9, 1863, was Major Andrew Power Gallwey.
- Crawford, p. 446
- "United States Regular Army Artillery - 1st Regiment Artillery". Civil War Archive. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
- Boritt, pg. xi
- Farrell, James (April 13, 2011). "First casualty of the U.S. Civil War was an Irish soldier". Irish Central. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- Osborne, John. "Private Edward Galloway, USA, injured at Fort Sumter, dies in hospital in Charleston, South Carolina". Retrieved December 9, 2012.
- "United States Registers of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914". FamilySearch. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- "Deaths". Ireland Newspaper Extracts. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- Boritt, Gabor (1996). Why the Civil War Came. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195113761.
- Crawford, Samuel (1881). The Genesis of the Civil War: The Story of Sumter, 1860-1861. C. L. Webster & Company.