Edward Howard, 9th Duke of Norfolk

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Edward Howard
Duke of Norfolk
Howard arms (augmented).svg
Arms of Howard: Gules, on a bend between six cross-crosslets fitchy argent an escutcheon or charged with a demi-lion rampant pierced through the mouth by an arrow within a double tressure flory counterflory of the first
Born5 June 1686
Died20 September 1777 (1777-09-21) (aged 91)
Noble familyHoward
Spouse(s)Mary Blount
FatherLord Thomas Howard
MotherMary Elizabeth Savile

Edward Howard, 9th Duke of Norfolk (5 June 1686 – 20 September 1777), of Worksop Manor in Nottinghamshire and of Norfolk House in London, was a British peer, politician and hereditary Earl Marshal.

Origins[edit]

He was the second of the three sons of Lord Thomas Howard (d.1689), of Worksop (younger brother of Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk (d.1701), both sons of Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk (d.1684)) by his wife Mary Elizabeth Savile (d.1732). Lord Thomas' third, and youngest, son was Richard Howard (b.1687) who died at 35 (in 1722) in Rome, where he was a Canon of St. Peter Basilica.

Career[edit]

Edward Howard (1743/4-1767), beloved nephew and heir presumptive of the 9th Duke, who died aged 23. Portrait by Pompeo Batoni[1]

He took part in the Jacobite Rising of 1715, one of several English noblemen to do so.[2] Through the intercession of his brother, he escaped the punishment for high treason. He succeeded as 9th Duke of Norfolk in 1732, after the death of his childless elder brother Thomas Howard, 8th Duke of Norfolk. Largely at the instigation of his wife, a fellow Roman Catholic and a talented and highly regarded interior designer and embroiderer, he rebuilt Norfolk House in St James's Square in London on a grand scale and commenced the rebuilding of Worksop on a palatial scale, to rival Blenheim Palace. The latter project was abandoned after the completion of only one wing following the death of the couple's beloved nephew and heir apparent Edward Howard (1743/4-1767), the son of the Duke's younger brother Philip Howard (1687/8-1749/50) of Buckenham Tofts, Norfolk, by his second wife Henrietta Blount (d.1782), a sister of his wife. Edward died in 1767, aged 23, due to a fever he caught while playing tennis not fully recovered from measles.[3] The Duchess was affected "almost to distraction and she never recovered from the blow". The couple realised that their next heir was a distant male cousin they hardly knew and who was a "depressing" contrast to Edward.[4]

Marriage[edit]

Arms of Blount: Barry nebuly of six or and sable

On 26 November 1727 he married Mary Blount (before 1712–27 May 1773), one of the three daughters and heiresses of Edward Blount (d.1726) of Blagdon in the parish of Paignton in Devon, by his wife Anne Guise, a daughter of Sir John Guise, 2nd Baronet (c. 1654–1695) of Elmore in Gloucestershire. The Blount-Guise marriage was commemorated by the surviving heraldic overmantel above the fireplace of the great hall of Blagdon manor house. This shows the initials "EB" [5] and displays the arms of Blount (Barry nebuly of six or and sable) impaling Gules, seven mascles vair 3,3,1 (Guise) above a scroll inscribed with a Latin motto Lux Tua Via Mea ("Your light is my path") with the date "1708". James Cook named Norfolk Island in honour of the Duchess of Norfolk in 1774, although he did not know at the time that she was already dead. Howard had no progeny by Mary Blount.

Death and succession[edit]

He died on 20 September 1777, aged 91, without a male heir, when several of his titles (the Dukedom of Norfolk, the Earldoms of Norfolk, Arundel and Surrey, and the Barony of Maltravers) passed to his second cousin (whom he hardly knew) Charles Howard, 10th Duke of Norfolk, a grandson of Charles Howard of Greystoke, Cumberland, a brother of the 6th Duke. The Earldom of Norwich and Barony of Howard of Castle Rising, which were created for his grandfather, the 6th Duke of Norfolk, became extinct. Finally, several old English baronies created by writ including Baron Mowbray, Baron Segrave[6] Baron Howard, Braose of Gower, Greystock, Ferrers of Wemme, Talbot, Strange of Blackmere, Furnivall and Giffard of Brimmesfield,[7] fell into abeyance among the two daughters of his younger brother Hon. Philip Howard (1687/8-1749/50) of Buckenham Tofts in Norfolk. Most of these passed via Philip's eldest daughter Winifred Howard (1726-1753), who married William Stourton, 16th Baron Stourton (1704–1781).[8]

See also[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
The 8th Duke of Norfolk
Earl Marshal
1732–1777
Succeeded by
The 10th Duke of Norfolk
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Howard
Duke of Norfolk
Earl of Arundel, Earl of Surrey, Earl of Norfolk
Baron Maltravers

1732–1777
Succeeded by
Charles Howard
Earl of Norwich
Baron Howard of Castle Rising

1732–1777
Extinct
Baron Furnivall
1732–1777
Vacant
Abeyant
Title next held by
Mary Dent
Baron Talbot
Baron Strange of Blackmere

1732–1777
Vacant
Abeyant
Baron Mowbray
Baron Segrave

1732–1777
Vacant
Abeyant
Title next held by
Alfred Stourton

References[edit]

  1. ^ Such portraits by Pompeo Batoni were commonly commissioned by young English gentlemen whilst in Rome on the Grand Tour
  2. ^ Samuel Hibbert Ware, Lancashire Memorials of the Rebellion, MDCCXV, Volume 2 (Chetham Society, 1845), p.162.
  3. ^ Robinson, John Martin, The Dukes of Norfolk, Oxford, 1982, p.163
  4. ^ Robinson, p.163
  5. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, p.844
  6. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.810
  7. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.836
  8. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.810