Edward Jessup

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Edward Jessup
BornDecember 24, 1735
Stamford, Fairfield County, Connecticut Colony, British America
DiedFebruary 3, 1816
Prescott, Upper Canada
Allegiance Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of service1759–1788
RankLieutenant Colonel
UnitKing's Royal Regiment of New York, King's Loyal Americans, Jessup's Rangers
Battles/warsFrench and Indian War
American Revolutionary War
Saratoga Campaign

Edward Jessup (December 24, 1735 – February 3, 1816), together with his brother Ebenezer Jessup (July 1739 – 1818), was a large landowner in present-day New York State before the American Revolution, and later a soldier and political figure in Upper Canada, now the present-day Canadian province of Ontario, Canada.

Early life[edit]

Edward Jessup was born in Stamford, Fairfield County, Connecticut Colony, British North America, British Empire, on December 24, 1735 and moved with his family, to Dutchess County, New York, in 1744.

French and Indian War[edit]

In 1759, during the French and Indian War, Edward Jessup served under the leadership of British general Jeffery Amherst in the Lake Champlain region. Following the war, in 1764, he moved with his brother, Ebenezer, to Albany County, New York, where they established a community, known as Jessup's Landing, on the Hudson River. Jessup was a recipient of a large land grant, from the British Crown, in the Adirondacks, around 500,000 acres (2,000 km2). In addition, in 1771, the Jessup brothers purchased 1,150,000 acres (4,700 km2) in Hamilton County, New York from the Mohawk people in the "Totten and Crossfield Purchase" for three pence an acre.[1] The "Jessup River" and associated "Jessup River Wild Forest" in Hamilton County are named after the Jessup brothers.

American Revolutionary War[edit]

In 1776, with other loyalists from this area, they joined Sir John Johnson's regiment, later forming their own corps, known as the King's Loyal Americans. They fought with Lieutenant General John Burgoyne at Saratoga and both brothers were taken prisoner. They were paroled and allowed to return to Quebec. In 1781, Edward Jessup was named head of a new provincial regiment known as the Loyal Rangers, or Jessup's Rangers, which mainly maintained garrisons in southern Quebec and occasionally took part in raids into New York state.

Life in Canada[edit]

After the war, Edward Jessup and his troops settled along the Saint Lawrence River; he himself settled in Augusta Township. He was appointed justice of the peace and a judge of the Court of Common Pleas. With his son, he founded the town of Prescott, Ontario.


His son, Edward Jr., was elected to the 2nd Parliament of Upper Canada representing Grenville and became a lieutenant-colonel in the local militia. His grandson, Edward, was elected to the 11th Parliament of Upper Canada for Grenville.

Later life and death[edit]

Later in life, Edward Jessup suffered from the palsy and died, on February 3, 1816, in Prescott, Province of Quebec, British Canada, British Empire, now Prescott, Ontario, Canada, in 1816, aged 80.


  1. ^ Frisbie, Richard. "Early Hamilton County History". Archived from the original on September 23, 2016. Retrieved Sep 27, 2016.

Further reading[edit]

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