Edward L. Martin

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This article is about the agriculturalist and politician from late nineteenth century Delaware. For other people, see Edward Martin (disambiguation).
Edward L. Martin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Delaware's At-large district
In office
March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1883
Preceded by James Williams
Succeeded by Charles B. Lore
Personal details
Born (1837-03-29)March 29, 1837
Seaford, Delaware
Died January 22, 1897(1897-01-22) (aged 59)
Seaford, Delaware
Political party Democratic
Residence Seaford, Delaware
Alma mater University of Virginia
Profession businessman
Religion Episcopalian

Edward Livingston Martin (March 29, 1837 – January 22, 1897) was an American lawyer and politician from Seaford, in Sussex County, Delaware. He was a member of the Democratic Party, who served as U. S. Representative from Delaware.

Early life and family[edit]

Martin was born in Seaford, Delaware and attended private schools, Newark Academy, Bolmar's Academy in West Chester, Pennsylvania and Delaware College in Newark, Delaware. He graduated from the University of Virginia at Charlottesville in 1859.

Professional and political career[edit]

Martin served as clerk of the Delaware Senate from 1863 to 1865. He was a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1864, 1872, 1876, 1880, and 1884. He studied law at the University of Virginia in 1866, was admitted to the Delaware Bar the same year and practiced in Dover until 1867. He then returned to Seaford and engaged in agricultural and horticultural pursuits, and served as director of the Delaware Board of Agriculture, president of the Peninsula Horticultural Society, and lecturer of the Delaware State Grange.

He was a commissioner to settle the disputed boundary line between the states of Delaware and New Jersey between 1873 and 1875. He was elected as a Democrat to the 46th and 47th Congress, serving from March 4, 1879 to March 4, 1883. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1882 and resumed horticultural and agricultural pursuits. He was twice an unsuccessful candidate for election to the U.S. Senate. Martin spent the years prior to his death in 1897 founding the Kansas City Suburban Belt Railway with Arthur Stilwell in Kansas City, Missouri. Martin and Stilwell founded the railway in 1887 and began its operations in 1890.

Death and legacy[edit]

Martin died at Seaford and is buried there in the St. Luke's Episcopal Churchyard.


Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. U.S. Representatives took office March 4 and have a two-year term.

Public Offices
Office Type Location Began office Ended office notes
U.S. Representative Legislature Washington March 4, 1879 March 3, 1881
U.S. Representative Legislature Washington March 4, 1881 March 3, 1883
United States Congressional service
Dates Congress Chamber Majority President Committees Class/District
1879–1881 46th U.S. House Democratic Rutherford B. Hayes at-large
1881–1883 47th U.S. House Republican James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
Election results
Year Office Subject Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes %
1878 U.S. Representative Edward L. Martin Democratic 10,576 78% John G. Jackson Greenback 2,966 22%
1880 U.S. Representative Edward L. Martin Democratic 14,966 51% John W. Houston Republican 14,336 49%


  • Martin, Roger A. (1995). Memoirs of the Senate. Newark, Delaware: Roger A. Martin. 

External links[edit]

Places with more information[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
James Williams
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Delaware's at-large congressional district

Succeeded by
Charles B. Lore