Edward Lapidge

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Edward Lapidge (1779–1860) was an English architect, who held the post of County Surveyor of Surrey and designed Kingston Bridge.

Life and career[edit]

Kingston Bridge, completed 1828.
St Mary's, Hampton (1829–31).

Edward Lapidge was the eldest son of Samuel Lapidge, the head gardener at Hampton Court Palace and one-time assistant of Capability Brown. The Lapidge family lived in a house called The Grove, which still exists, in Lower Teddington Road.[1]

In Surrey Lapidge built Esher Place, a brick house, stuccoed in imitation of stone, with an Ionic portico on each side, for John Spicer.[2] He showed a view of the garden front of the house at the Royal Academy in 1808. At Norbiton Place he carried out considerable additions and alterations for its owner, Charles Nicholas Pallmer, including a dairy in the style of an Indian temple.[3]

In 1807 he built Hildersham Hall in Cambridgeshire for Thomas Fassett (formerly of Surbiton Hall, Surrey).[3] He showed a drawing for the house, a stuccoed villa incorporating a former farmhouse in one wing, at the Royal Academy in 1814.[4] In 1811 he was engaged by the Rev. John Kirby of Mayfield, Sussex, to rebuild the vicarage there.[5]

Lapidge was appointed surveyor to the County of Surrey in 1824.[6] The next year he was given the job of replacing the bridge at Kingston upon Thames, after the Kingston corporation dropped its plan to build a cast iron structure due to a rise in cost of the metal. Lapidge designed a five-arched stone bridge in a Classical style,[7] which was opened in 1828.

He designed a number of churches: St John, Hampton Wick (1829–30),[8] St Mary, Hampton (1829–31),[9] and St Andrew's Church, Ham (1830–1)[10] all of brick, in the Gothic style, and St Peter's, Hammersmith in a Greek Ionic style, in brick finished with Bath stone dressings. The Gentleman's Magazine described St Peter's as "a very fair specimen of modern Grecian architecture", adding that "the tower has considerable merit. The design is novel and pleasing, and the proportions are harmonious. The interior is however chaste and formal, displaying even a presbyterian nakedness".[11][12] Lapidge himself donated the site of the church at Hampton Wick.[13] As well as these buildings on the west side of London he built St James, Radcliffe (1837–8), in the East End,[14] in the Early English style, in brick with stone dressings.[15] Further afield he built the church of St John in the park of Doddington Hall, Cheshire (1837).[16][17]

He entered designs for the competitions for a new range of buildings for King's College, Cambridge in 1824, in which he came third;[18] for the new Houses of Parliament in 1836; and for the Fitzwilliam Museum at Cambridge in 1837, proposing a domed building, ornamented with sculpture.[19] In 1830, he was invited by the Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge University, William Chafy, to design a new botanic garden for the university. The expense of acquiring the necessary land caused the plan to be shelved, and Lapidge waited for more than ten years for his bill to be paid. The gardens were eventually laid out in the mid-1840s, but not under his supervision.[20]

In 1836–7 he made considerable alterations to St. Mary's Church, Putney, repairing the tower and rebuilding the body of the church in yellow brick with stone dressings and Perpendicular windows,[21] and in 1839–40 restored All Saints' Church at Fulham.

In around 1838-41 he oversaw the construction of the Surrey County Lunatic Asylum, (now Springfield Hospital), a grand Tudor-style composition designed by William Moseley (then County Architect for Middlesex) making minor changes to the original design.[22][23][24]

Lapidge was elected a fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1838.[25]

Pupils[edit]

George Wightwick, articled to Lapidge in 1817, later became a leading architect in Plymouth.[26] In 1846 Lapidge paid for the patenting of a new type of suspension bridge, invented by another pupil, Henry Heathcote Russell.[27]

Death[edit]

He died on 19 February 1860 at Hampton Wick.[6]

References[edit]

 Cust, Lionel Henry (1892). "Lapidge, Edward". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 32. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

  1. ^ "Edward Lapidge". Twickenham Museum. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  2. ^ Brayley, Edward Wedlake (1850). A Topographical History of Surrey. 2. London: G. Willis. p. 437. 
  3. ^ a b Prosser, G.F. (1828). Select Illustrations of the County of Surrey. London. Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "Hildersham Hall, Hildersham, England". Parks and Gardens UK. Retrieved 23 July 2011. 
  5. ^ "Archive of the Baker and Kirby Families of Battle, Withyham and of Lower and Middle House, Mayfield Place and the Vicarage, Mayfield.". National Archives. Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Cust, L.H., rev. Jane Harding (2004). "Lapidge, Edward (1779–1860)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  7. ^ "New Bridge, Kingston-upon-Thames". The Times. 9 November 1825. p. 2. 
  8. ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (205261)". Images of England. 
  9. ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (436099)". Images of England. 
  10. ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (205270)". Images of England. 
  11. ^ "Saint Peter, Hammersmith:". AIM25. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  12. ^ "NEW CHURCHES.—No. XXIX. St. Peter's Church, Hammersmith.". The Gentleman's Magazine. 101: 105. 1831. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  13. ^ "Chapel of St John the Baptist at Hampton Wick". The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction. 19: 376. 1832. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  14. ^ Cherry, Bridget; O'Brien, Charles; Nikolaus Pevsner (2005). London 5: East. The Buildings of England. Yale University Press. p. 519. ISBN 0-300-10701-3. 
  15. ^ "New Churches and Public Buildings". Civil Engineer's and Architects Journal. 1: 87–8. 1837-8. Retrieved 10 December.  Check date values in: |access-date=, |date= (help)
  16. ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (57118)". Images of England. 
  17. ^ "DODDINGTON HALL". Historic England. Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
  18. ^ "Varieties". New Monthly magazine. 9: 209. 1824. 
  19. ^ "The Architectural Début at the New Apartments of the Royal Academy". The Architectural magazine. 4: 305. 1837. Retrieved 1 August 2011. 
  20. ^ Walters, Stuart Max; Walters, Max; Elizabeth Anne Stow (2001). Darwin's Mentor: John Stevens Henslow, 1796–1861. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 138–48. ISBN 0-521-59146-5. Retrieved July 30, 2011. 
  21. ^ Brayley, Edward Wedlake (1850). A Topographical History of Surrey. 3. p. 478. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  22. ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (206991)". Images of England. 
  23. ^ "SPRINGFIELD HOSPITAL". Historic England. 
  24. ^ "The Surrey County Lunatic Asylum". The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction. 37: 99. 1841. 
  25. ^ "Royal Institute of British Architects". Civil engineer and architect's journal. 1: 171. 1838. Retrieved 1 August 2011. 
  26. ^ "Opening Address of the President". Papers Read at the Royal Institute of British Architects. 1873. p. 11. 
  27. ^ "The Railway Suspension Bridge". The Civil engineer and architect's journal. 9: 10–12. 1846. Retrieved 30 July 2011.