Edward Malet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Right Honourable
Sir Edward Malet, 4th Bt
Edward malet.jpg
Consul-General in Egypt
In office
Preceded by Frank Lascelles
Succeeded by Sir Evelyn Baring
Personal details
Born (1837-10-10)10 October 1837
Died 29 June 1908(1908-06-29) (aged 70)
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Ermyntrude Sackville Russell
Education Eton College
Occupation Diplomat
Known for Malet Memorial Hall
Arms of Mallet: Azure, three escallops or
Caricature of Sir Edward Malet by Leslie Ward published in the British magazine Vanity Fair (1884)

Sir Edward Baldwin Malet, 4th Baronet GCB GCMG PC (10 October 1837 – 29 June 1908) was a British diplomat.

Edward Malet came from a family of diplomats; his father was Sir Alexander Malet, British minister to Württemberg and later to the German Confederation. After three years at Eton College, Edward Malet entered the foreign service at the age of 17. He served as attaché to his father in Frankfurt, then in Brussels.

He served as Secretary of Legation at Peking (1871–73),[1] Athens (1873–75),[2] Rome (1875–78),[3] and Constantinople (1878–79).[4] Malet formed close ties with Ottoman sultan Abdul Hamid II ("Abdul the Damned") during 1878, the year of the Treaties of San Stefano and Berlin.

Malet was appointed Agent and Consul-General in Egypt on 10 October 1879.[5] He served there until 1883, pressing for administrative and financial reforms. He was at first sympathetic to Ahmed Orabi's demand for constitutional government. However, historians John Galbraith and Afaf al-Sayyid-Marsot write that after British-French Joint Note was sent to the Egyptian government, Malet gradually began to support the plans of the Gladstone Cabinet to intervene in Egypt, writing on 13 February 1882, "I am prejudiced against the Nationalists."[6]:476–478 He served a crucial role in the decision of Gladstone's Cabinet to invade Alexandria when he sent a telegram to the Cabinet that both exaggerated the instability of the Khedive's rule in Egypt and also advised the British government to conduct a naval demonstration off Alexandria.[6]:477 (see 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War). Galbraith and al-Sayyid-Marsot describe him as having been naive, in that he hoped the British would attempt to militarily intimidate Urabi, though he never expected an actual attack or occupation by British forces[6]:478 He later served as Minister to Belgium (1883–84),[7] and Ambassador to the German Empire (1884–95).[8]

In 1892 he built an immense Beaux-Arts villa "Le Chateau Malet" at Cap D’Ail, France.[9]

On 19 March 1885, Edward Malet married Lady Ermyntrude Sackville Russell, daughter of Francis Russell, 9th Duke of Bedford and Lady Elizabeth Sackville-West.

The Malet Memorial Hall, a Tudor Revival-style building which had a church on its upper floor, was founded in his memory by his widow in 1912 in Bexhill-on-Sea. It opened in October 1913.[10][11]

Malet Street, a street in the Bloomsbury district of Central London, has been named in his honour.


  • Malet, Egypt, 1879-1883 (London, 1909) online


  • Williams, Lynn (September 2004). "Edward Malet". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/34843. Retrieved 2009-06-08. (Subscription required (help)).
  • Goldschmidt, Arthur (2000). Biographical Dictionary of Modern Egypt. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-55587-229-8. OCLC 52401049.
  • Bartley, L.J. (1971). The Story of Bexhill. Bexhill: F.J.Parsons Ltd.
  • Elleray, D. Robert (2004). Sussex Places of Worship. Worthing: Optimus Books. ISBN 0-9533132-7-1.
  • Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage. Vol. 1 (107th ed.). Wilmington, DE: Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 321. ISBN 978-0-9711966-2-9. OCLC 150226262.
  1. ^ "No. 23767". The London Gazette. 15 August 1871. p. 3593.
  2. ^ "No. 24028". The London Gazette. 24 October 1873. p. 4696.
  3. ^ "No. 24236". The London Gazette. 13 August 1875. p. 4070.
  4. ^ "No. 24578". The London Gazette. 3 May 1878. p. 2862.
  5. ^ "No. 24772". The London Gazette. 17 October 1879. p. 5977.
  6. ^ a b c Galbraith, John S. and al-Sayyid-Marsot, Afaf Lutfi. The British Occupation of Egypt: Another View. "International Journal of Middle East Studies." 9, No. 4
  7. ^ "No. 25268". The London Gazette. 11 September 1883. p. 4449.
  8. ^ "No. 25403". The London Gazette. 10 October 1884. p. 4411.
  9. ^ "Spectacular hillside Le Chateau Malet off Monaco can be yours for a bargain €48 million | The National". Retrieved 2016-08-09.
  10. ^ Bartley 1971, p. 64
  11. ^ Elleray 2004, p. 3
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Frank Lascelles
British Agent and Consul-General in Egypt
Succeeded by
Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer
Preceded by
John Savile
British Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Belgium
Succeeded by
Hussey Vivian
Preceded by
Odo Russell, 1st Baron Ampthill
British Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the German Empire
Succeeded by
Sir Frank Lascelles
Baronetage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Henry Charles Eden Malet
(of Wilbury)
Succeeded by
Sir Edward St Lo Malet