Edward Martin (Pennsylvania politician)

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Edward Martin
United States Senator
from Pennsylvania
In office
January 3, 1947 – January 3, 1959
Preceded by Joe Guffey
Succeeded by Hugh Scott
32nd Governor of Pennsylvania
In office
January 19, 1943 – January 2, 1947
Lieutenant John Bell
Preceded by Arthur James
Succeeded by John Bell
18th Treasurer of Pennsylvania
In office
January 15, 1929 – January 17, 1933
Preceded by Charles Snyder
Succeeded by Samuel Lewis
Chairman of the Republican State Committee of Pennsylvania
In office
May 12, 1928[1] – June 9, 1934[2]
Preceded by W.L. Mellon
Succeeded by Harvey Taylor
23rd Auditor General of Pennsylvania
In office
January 20, 1925 – January 15, 1929
Preceded by Samuel Lewis
Succeeded by Charles Waters
Personal details
Born (1879-09-18)September 18, 1879
Ten Mile, Pennsylvania
Died March 19, 1967(1967-03-19) (aged 87)
Washington, Pennsylvania
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Mary Charity Scott (1909–1967; his death)
Children Edward, Mary Charity
Alma mater Waynesburg College
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Pennsylvania Army National Guard
Years of service 1898 – 1942
Rank Major General
Unit 28th Infantry Division
Battles/wars Spanish American War
Border War
World War I
World War II

Edward "Ed" Martin (September 18, 1879 – March 19, 1967) was an American lawyer and Republican party politician from Waynesburg, Pennsylvania. He served as the 32nd Governor of Pennsylvania from 1943 until 1947 and as a United States Senator from Pennsylvania from 1947 until 1959.


Martin was born at Ten Mile, Pennsylvania in 1879. He attended public schools and graduated from Waynesburg College in Waynesburg, Pennsylvania, in 1901. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1905 and commenced practice in Waynesburg. He served in the Spanish–American War, in the Mexican Border Expedition, and in the First and Second World Wars. He was a burgess of East Waynesburg from 1902 to 1905, solicitor of Greene County from 1908 to 1910 and again from 1916 to 1920. He served as auditor general of Pennsylvania from 1925 to 1929 and State treasurer from 1929 to 1933. He was adjutant general of Pennsylvania from 1939 to 1943, and commander of the 28th Infantry Division from 1939 to 1942. He was also president of the National Guard Association of the United States in 1940. He had varied business interests, including fire insurance, oil and gas, and banking.

Martin was elected Governor of Pennsylvania in 1942. He served as president of the Council of State Governments in 1946 and was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in the same year. In 1947, Martin received the American Legion's Distinguished Service Medal.[3] Martin was re-elected to the Senate in 1952. During the Eighty-third Congress from 1953 to 1955, when the Republicans were in the majority, he was chairman of the Committee on Public Works. Martin did not seek re-nomination to a third term in 1958. He died in Washington, Pennsylvania, in 1967 and is buried at Greene Mount Cemetery in Waynesburg.

Fort Indiantown Gap[edit]

Before entering public life, Martin served as a general in the United States National Guard. Martin was prominent in the development of Fort Indiantown Gap and after his death, the United States Senate renamed the facility the Edward Martin Military Reservation, a designation that Martin himself had rejected throughout his life. The new name was never fully accepted by the military personnel who served there. In 1975, the Secretary of the Army renamed the post Fort Indiantown Gap in order to more closely align it with the other active duty stations throughout the United States. The Joint Force Headquarters of the Pennsylvania National Guard is located at Fort Indiantown Gap, and is named Edward Martin Hall in Martin's honor.

Edward Martin Memorial Library at NGAUS[edit]

The Library at the National Guard Association of the United States (NGAUS) is dedicated to Martin and is named the Edward Martin Memorial Library. While not a circulating library, it serves as one of the foremost collections of National Guard documents and is ideal for researchers. Original volumes include a complete collection of NGAUS Conference minutes dating to 1879 and Adjutant General (TAG) Reports dating to the early 20th Century. The Library may be found in the National Guard Memorial Building, One Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington DC 20001. The Edward Martin Memorial Library is managed and maintained by the National Guard Educational Foundation (NGEF).


  1. ^ Armstrong, Robert B. (May 12, 1928). "Mellon to Get Keystone Vote". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  2. ^ Townley, John B. (June 8, 1934). "Martin Gives Up Chairman Post, Recommends Taylor". The Pittsburgh Press. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ http://www.legion.org/distinguishedservicemedal?page=7
Military offices
Preceded by
Newly activated post
Commanding General 28th Infantry Division
February 1941 – December 1941
Succeeded by
James Garesche Ord
Political offices
Preceded by
Arthur James
Governor of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
John Bell
Preceded by
Herbert Maw
Chairman of the National Governors Association
Succeeded by
Millard Caldwell
Preceded by
Charles Snyder
Treasurer of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
Samuel Lewis
Preceded by
Samuel Lewis
Auditor General of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
Charles Waters
United States Senate
Preceded by
Joe Guffey
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Pennsylvania
Served alongside: Francis Myers, James Duff, Joseph Clark
Succeeded by
Hugh Scott
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jay Cooke
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
(Class 1)

1946, 1952
Succeeded by
Hugh Scott
Preceded by
Arthur James
Republican nominee for Governor of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
James Duff
Preceded by
W.L. Mellon
Chairman of the Republican State Committee of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
Harvey Taylor
Preceded by
Charles Snyder
Republican nominee for Treasurer of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
Samuel Lewis
Preceded by
Samuel Lewis
Republican nominee for Auditor General of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
Charles Waters