Edward Martin (Pennsylvania politician)

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Ed Martin
EdwardMartinPA.jpg
United States Senator
from Pennsylvania
In office
January 3, 1947 – January 3, 1959
Preceded by Joe Guffey
Succeeded by Hugh Scott
Chair of the National Governors Association
In office
July 1, 1945 – May 26, 1946
Preceded by Herbert Maw
Succeeded by Millard Caldwell
32nd Governor of Pennsylvania
In office
January 19, 1943 – January 2, 1947
Lieutenant John Bell
Preceded by Arthur James
Succeeded by John Bell
18th Treasurer of Pennsylvania
In office
January 15, 1929 – January 17, 1933
Governor John Fisher
Gifford Pinchot
Preceded by Charles Snyder
Succeeded by Sam Lewis
Chair of the Pennsylvania Republican Party
In office
May 12, 1928 – June 9, 1934
Preceded by William Mellon
Succeeded by Harvey Taylor
23rd Auditor General of Pennsylvania
In office
January 20, 1925 – January 15, 1929
Governor Gifford Pinchot
John Fisher
Preceded by Sam Lewis
Succeeded by Charles Waters
Personal details
Born (1879-09-18)September 18, 1879
Ten Mile, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died March 19, 1967(1967-03-19) (aged 87)
Washington, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Mary Scott (1909–1967)
Children 3
Education Waynesburg University (BA)
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1898–1942
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Unit 28th Infantry Division
Pennsylvania Army National Guard
Battles/wars Spanish-American War
Border War
World War I
World War II

Edward "Ed" Martin (September 18, 1879 – March 19, 1967) was an American lawyer and Republican party politician from Waynesburg, Pennsylvania. He served as the 32nd Governor of Pennsylvania from 1943 until 1947 and as a United States Senator from Pennsylvania from 1947 until 1959.

Biography[edit]

Martin was born at Ten Mile, Pennsylvania in 1879. He attended public schools and graduated from Waynesburg College in Waynesburg, Pennsylvania, in 1901. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1905 and commenced practice in Waynesburg. He served in the Spanish–American War, in the Mexican Border Expedition, and in the First and Second World Wars. He was a burgess of East Waynesburg from 1902 to 1905, solicitor of Greene County from 1908 to 1910 and again from 1916 to 1920. He served as auditor general of Pennsylvania from 1925 to 1929 and State treasurer from 1929 to 1933. He chaired the Republican State Committee of Pennsylvania from 1928 to 1934.[1][2] He was adjutant general of Pennsylvania from 1939 to 1943, and commander of the 28th Infantry Division from 1939 to 1942. He was also president of the National Guard Association of the United States in 1940. He had varied business interests, including fire insurance, oil and gas, and banking.

Martin was elected Governor of Pennsylvania in 1942. He served as president of the Council of State Governments in 1946 and was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in the same year. In 1947, Martin received the American Legion's Distinguished Service Medal.[3] Martin was re-elected to the Senate in 1952. During the Eighty-third Congress from 1953 to 1955, when the Republicans were in the majority, he was chairman of the Committee on Public Works. Martin did not seek re-nomination to a third term in 1958. He died in Washington, Pennsylvania, in 1967 and is buried at Greene Mount Cemetery in Waynesburg.

Fort Indiantown Gap[edit]

Before entering public life, Martin served as a general in the United States National Guard. Martin was prominent in the development of Fort Indiantown Gap and after his death, the United States Senate renamed the facility the Edward Martin Military Reservation, a designation that Martin himself had rejected throughout his life. The new name was never fully accepted by the military personnel who served there. In 1975, the Secretary of the Army renamed the post Fort Indiantown Gap in order to more closely align it with the other active duty stations throughout the United States. The Joint Force Headquarters of the Pennsylvania National Guard is located at Fort Indiantown Gap, and is named Edward Martin Hall in Martin's honor.

Edward Martin Memorial Library at NGAUS[edit]

The Library at the National Guard Association of the United States (NGAUS) is dedicated to Martin and is named the Edward Martin Memorial Library. While not a circulating library, it serves as one of the foremost collections of National Guard documents and is ideal for researchers. Original volumes include a complete collection of NGAUS Conference minutes dating to 1879 and Adjutant General (TAG) Reports dating to the early 20th Century. The Library may be found in the National Guard Memorial Building, One Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington DC 20001. The Edward Martin Memorial Library is managed and maintained by the National Guard Educational Foundation (NGEF).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Armstrong, Robert B. (May 12, 1928). "Mellon to Get Keystone Vote". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  2. ^ Townley, John B. (June 8, 1934). "Martin Gives Up Chairman Post, Recommends Taylor". Pittsburgh Press. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ http://www.legion.org/distinguishedservicemedal?page=7
Political offices
Preceded by
Sam Lewis
Auditor General of Pennsylvania
1925–1929
Succeeded by
Charles Waters
Preceded by
Charles Snyder
Treasurer of Pennsylvania
1929–1933
Succeeded by
Sam Lewis
Preceded by
Arthur James
Governor of Pennsylvania
1943–1947
Succeeded by
John Bell
Preceded by
Herbert Maw
Chair of the National Governors Association
1945–1946
Succeeded by
Millard Caldwell
Party political offices
Preceded by
William Mellon
Chair of the Pennsylvania Republican Party
1928–1934
Succeeded by
Harvey Taylor
Preceded by
Arthur James
Republican nominee for Governor of Pennsylvania
1942
Succeeded by
Jim Duff
Preceded by
Jay Cooke
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
(Class 1)

1946, 1952
Succeeded by
Hugh Scott
Military offices
New office Commanding General of the 28th Infantry Division
1941
Succeeded by
Garesche Ord
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Joe Guffey
United States Senator (Class 1) from Pennsylvania
1947–1959
Served alongside: Francis Myers, Jim Duff, Joseph Clark
Succeeded by
Hugh Scott
Preceded by
Dennis Chávez
Chair of the Senate Public Work Committee
1953–1955
Succeeded by
Dennis Chávez